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  1. Under-five death rate is one of the major indicators used in assessing the level of needs and severity of humanitarian crisis. Over the years, a number of small-scale surveys based on Standardized Monitoring a...

    Authors: Thomas Jideofor Ogbu and Debarati Guha-Sapir
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:33
  2. Thousands of children migrate to Europe each year in search of safety and the promise of a better life. Many of them transited through Serbia in 2018. Children journey alone or along with their family members ...

    Authors: Tijana Topalovic, Maria Episkopou, Erin Schillberg, Jelena Brcanski and Milica Jocic
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:32
  3. This case study describes research, which is located in Turkey, where more than 750,000 Syrian refugees reside autonomously in Istanbul. The research developed and pilot tested a novel model for helping urban ...

    Authors: Stevan Merill Weine, Aliriza Arënliu, Vahdet Görmez, Scott Lagenecker and Hakan Demirtas
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:31
  4. Published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 2015, the mental health Gap Action Programme Humanitarian Intervention Guide (mhGAP-HIG) recommends...

    Authors: Grace K. Ryan, Andreas Bauer, Tarik Endale, Onaiza Qureshi, Asmae Doukani, Arlinda Cerga-Pashoja, Savvy K. Brar, Julian Eaton and Judith K. Bass
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:30
  5. Epidemiological data on musculoskeletal impairment (MSI) and related service and assistive product (AP) needs for displaced populations are lacking. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence, aetiology, and ...

    Authors: Dorothy Boggs, Oluwarantimi Atijosan-Ayodele, Hisem Yonso, Nathaniel Scherer, Timothy O’Fallon, Gülten Deniz, Selin Volkan, Ahmed Örücü, Isotta Pivato, Ammar Hasan Beck, İbrahim Akıncı, Hannah Kuper, Allen Foster, Andrea Patterson and Sarah Polack
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:29

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:46

  6. The need to generate evidence in spaces considered insecure and inhabited by potentially extremely vulnerable individuals (e.g. conflict-affected people who may not have means to move) has led researchers to s...

    Authors: Yazan Douedari, Mervat Alhaffar, Diane Duclos, Mohamed Al-Twaish, Samer Jabbour and Natasha Howard
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:28
  7. The world’s second largest Ebola outbreak occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo from 2018 to 2020. At the time, risk of cross-border spread into South Sudan was very high. Thus, the South Sudan Ministry...

    Authors: Velma K. Lopez, Sharmila Shetty, Angelo Thon Kouch, Matthew Tut Khol, Richard Lako, Alexandre Bili, Anyang David Ayuen, Agnes Jukudu, Ajak Ater Kug, Atem David Mayen, Emmanuel Nyawel, Kibebu Berta, Olushayo Olu, Kevin Clarke and Sudhir Bunga
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:27
  8. Syrians have been the largest group of refugees in Germany since 2014. Little is known about Syrian refugees` perspectives on substance use. The aim of this study is to investigate the perspective of male refu...

    Authors: Jutta Lindert, Ulrike Neuendorf, Marta Natan and Ingo Schäfer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:26
  9. Large international humanitarian actors support and directly deliver health services for millions of people in crises annually, and wield considerable power to decide which health services to provide, how and ...

    Authors: Prudence Jarrett, Yasin Fozdar, Nada Abdelmagid and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:25
  10. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has serious long-term health and psychological consequences and is highly prevalent in Latin America and among displaced populations. Liminality - the ambiguous in-between state...

    Authors: Colleen Keating, Sarah Treves-Kagan and Ana Maria Buller
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:24
  11. In this commentary we propose four questions to be addressed while building a meaningful public primary healthcare response in Lebanon today. These questions emerge from two imperatives: the necessity to consi...

    Authors: Randa Sami Hamadeh, Ola Kdouh, Rawan Hammoud, Enrica Leresche and Jennifer Leaning
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:23
  12. Recent crises have accelerated global interest in self-care interventions. This debate paper aims to raise the issue of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) self-care and invites members of the global communit...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Hannah Tappis, Pierre Moon, Megan Christofield and Angela Dawson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:22
  13. Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is a major global threat. Armed and protracted conflicts act as multipliers of infection and ABR, thus leading to increased healthcare and societal costs. We aimed to understand and...

    Authors: Elsa Kobeissi, Marilyne Menassa, Krystel Moussally, Ernestina Repetto, Ismail Soboh, Marwan Hajjar, Shadi Saleh and Ghassan Abu-Sittah
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:21
  14. Fragile and crisis-affected countries account for most maternal deaths worldwide, with unsafe abortion being one of its leading causes. This case study aims to describe the Clinical Outreach Refresher Training...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Alison Greer, Talemoh Dah, Bibiche Malilo, Bergson Kakule, Thérèse Faila Morisho, Douglass Kambale Asifiwe, Happiness Musa, Japheth Simon, Janet Meyers, Elizabeth Noznesky, Sarah Neusy, Burim Vranovci and Bill Powell
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:20
  15. Child protection and mental health during conflict intersects with a variety of adverse conflict-related factors, and intervention outcomes in the field are often difficult to predict. Using the casefiles of 3...

    Authors: Nada Raslan, Arran Hamlet and Veena Kumari
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:19
  16. Complex emergencies resulting from conflict and political instability are a major challenge for national neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) control and elimination programmes, especially in sub-Saharan Africa....

    Authors: Louise A. Kelly-Hope, Angelia M. Sanders, Emma Harding-Esch, Johan Willems, Fatima Ahmed, Fiona Vincer and Rebecca Hill
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:18
  17. Community-based surveillance (CBS) has been used successfully in many situations to strengthen existing health systems as well as in humanitarian crises. The Anglophone crisis of Northwest Southwest Cameroon, ...

    Authors: Alain Metuge, Lundi-Anne Omam, Elizabeth Jarman and Esther Omam Njomo
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:17
  18. An estimated 70.8 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide, 75% of whom are women and children. Prioritizing a global research agenda to inform guidance, service delivery, access to and quality of servi...

    Authors: Loulou Kobeissi, Mahalakshmi Nair, Egmond Samir Evers, Mansuk Daniel Han, Samira Aboubaker, Lale Say, Nigel Rollins, Gary L. Darmstadt, Karl Blanchet, Daniel Martinez Garcia, Olivier Hagon and Per Ashorn
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:16
  19. Human rights violations (HRVs) are common in conflict and displacement contexts. Women are especially vulnerable to HRVs in these contexts, and perinatal health is acutely sensitive to related stressors and he...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Koning, Kaylee Scott, James H. Conway and Mari Palta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:15
  20. Lebanon, a middle-income country with ongoing political turmoil, unstable economic situation, and a fragmented and under-resourced health system, hosts about one million Syrian refugees since 2011. While the c...

    Authors: Fouad M. Fouad, Stephen J. McCall, Houssein Ayoub, Laith J. Abu-Raddad and Ghina R. Mumtaz
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:13
  21. Conducting ethical and rigorous research to measure the effectiveness of humanitarian programs is urgently needed given the global level of displacement and conflict, yet traditional approaches to evaluation r...

    Authors: Kathryn Falb and Jeannie Annan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:12
  22. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Jennifer A. Tyndall, Khadidiatou Ndiaye, Chinwenwo Weli, Eskedar Dejene, Nwanneamaka Ume, Victory Inyang, Christiana Okere, John Sandberg and Ronald J. Waldman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:11

    The original article was published in Conflict and Health 2020 14:75

  23. There is growing attention to addressing the menstrual hygiene management (MHM) needs of the over 21 million displaced adolescent girls and women globally. Current approaches to MHM-related humanitarian progra...

    Authors: Margaret L. Schmitt, Olivia R. Wood, David Clatworthy, Sabina Faiz Rashid and Marni Sommer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:10
  24. Non-communicable diseases (NCD) represent an increasing global challenge with the majority of mortality occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Concurrently, many humanitarian crises occur in th...

    Authors: F. Jacquerioz Bausch, D. Beran, H. Hering, P. Boulle, F. Chappuis, C. Dromer, P. Saaristo and S. Aebischer Perone
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:9
  25. Civil strife has long been recognized as a significant barrier in the fight against vaccine preventable diseases in several parts of the world. However, little is known about the impact of the ongoing civil st...

    Authors: Yauba Saidu, Marius Vouking, Andreas Ateke Njoh, Hassan Ben Bachire, Calvin Tonga, Roberts Mofor, Christain Bayiha, Leonard Ewane, Chebo Cornelius, Ndi Daniel Daddy Mbida, Messang Blandine Abizou, Victor Mbome Njie and Divine Nzuobontane
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:8
  26. Humanitarian settings are characterised by limited access to comprehensive abortion care. At the same time, humanitarian settings can increase the vulnerability of women and girls to unintended pregnancies and...

    Authors: Maria Persson, Elin C. Larsson, Noor Pappu Islam, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson and Marie Klingberg-Allvin
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:6
  27. In South Sudan, the civil war in 2016 led to mass displacement in Juba that rapidly spread to other regions of the country. Access to health care was limited because of attacks against health facilities and wo...

    Authors: Samira Sami, Ribka Amsalu, Alexander Dimiti, Debra Jackson, Kemish Kenneth, Solomon Kenyi, Janet Meyers, Luke C. Mullany, Elaine Scudder, Barbara Tomczyk and Kate Kerber
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:5
  28. Non-communicable diseases (NCD) present an increasing global health challenge, particularly for settings affected by fragility where access to care may be disrupted, and where high-quality continuous care deli...

    Authors: Nadine Zablith, Karin Diaconu, Farah Naja, Maria El Koussa, Giulia Loffreda, Ibrahim Bou-Orm and Shadi Saleh
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:4
  29. Contextual factors including poverty and inequitable gender norms harm refugee adolescent and youths’ wellbeing. Our study focused on Bidi Bidi refugee settlement that hosts more than 230,000 of Uganda’s 1.4 m...

    Authors: Carmen H. Logie, Moses Okumu, Maya Latif, Daniel Kibuuka Musoke, Simon Odong Lukone, Simon Mwima and Peter Kyambadde
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:3
  30. This case analysis describes dilemmas and challenges of ethical partnering encountered in the process of conducting a research study that explored moral and practical dimensions of palliative care in humanitar...

    Authors: Sonya de Laat, Olive Wahoush, Rania Jaber, Wejdan Khater, Emmanuel Musoni, Ibraheem Abu Siam and Lisa Schwartz
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:2
  31. Maternal mortality occurs mostly in contexts of poverty and health system collapse. Mali has a very high maternal mortality rate and this extremely high mortality rate is due in part to longstanding constraint...

    Authors: Pierre Coulibaly, Clémence Schantz, Brehima Traoré, Nanko S. Bagayoko, Abdoulaye Traoré, Fanny Chabrol and Oumar Guindo
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:1
  32. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Rushdia Ahmed, Bachera Aktar, Nadia Farnaz, Pushpita Ray, Abdul Awal, Raafat Hassan, Sharid Bin Shafique, Md Tanvir Hasan, Zahidul Quayyum, Mohira Babaeva Jafarovna, Loulou Hassan Kobeissi, Khalid El Tahir, Balwinder Singh Chawla and Sabina Faiz Rashid
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:88

    The original article was published in Conflict and Health 2020 14:83

  33. Exposure to violence in youth may be associated with substance use and other adverse health effects. This study examined cigarette smoking in two middle-income areas with different levels and types of exposure...

    Authors: Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh, Ethel Alderete, Abdullatif Husseini, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman and Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:87
  34. A patient charter is an explicit declaration of the rights of patients within a particular health care setting. In early 2020 the Save the Children Emergency Health Unit deployed to Cox’s Bazar Bangladesh to s...

    Authors: Catherine R. McGowan, Nora Hellman, Louisa Baxter, Sonali Chakma, Samchun Nahar, Ahasan Ud Daula, Kelly Rowe, Josie Gilday, Patricia Kingori, Rachel Pounds and Rachael Cummings
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:86
  35. There are limited data on awareness of cervical cancer risk factors and symptoms among refugee populations living in Uganda. In this study, we sought to determine the awareness and knowledge of cervical cancer...

    Authors: Winnie Adoch, Christopher Orach Garimoi, Suzanne E. Scott, Geoffrey Goddie Okeny, Jennifer Moodley, Henry Komakech, Fiona M. Walter and Amos Deogratius Mwaka
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:85
  36. It is estimated that over 40% of the half a million humanitarian workers who provide frontline care during emergencies, wars and disasters, are women. Women are at the forefront of improving health for conflic...

    Authors: Preeti Patel, Kristen Meagher, Nassim El Achi, Abdulkarim Ekzayez, Richard Sullivan and Gemma Bowsher
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:84
  37. Rohingya diaspora or Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMNs), took shelter in the refugee camps of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh due to armed conflict in the Rakhine state of Myanmar. In such humanitarian crise...

    Authors: Rushdia Ahmed, Bachera Aktar, Nadia Farnaz, Pushpita Ray, Abdul Awal, Raafat Hassan, Sharid Bin Shafique, Md Tanvir Hasan, Zahidul Quayyum, Mohira Babaeva Jafarovna, Loulou Hassan Kobeissi, Khalid El Tahir, Balwinder Singh Chawla and Sabina Faiz Rashid
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:83

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2020 14:88

  38. In 2017, Field access was considerably limited in the Far North region of Cameroon due to the conflict. Médecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in collaboration with Ministry of health needed to estimate the health situat...

    Authors: Etienne Marc Hugues Gignoux, Olivier Tresor Donfack Sontsa, Ayoola Mudasiru, Justin Eyong, Rodrigue Ntone, Modeste Tamakloe Koku, Dalil Mahamat Adji, Alain Etoundi, Yap Boum, Christine Jamet, Jean-Clément Cabrol and Klaudia Porten
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:82
  39. Planning to transition from the Minimum Initial Service Package for Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) toward comprehensive SRH services has been a challenge in humanitarian settings. To bridge this gap, a w...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Alison Greer, Brigitte Kini, Hassan Abdi, Kariman Rajeh, Hilde Cortier and Mohira Boboeva
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:81
  40. The COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to cause high morbidity and mortality in crisis-affected populations. Delivering COVID-19 treatment services in crisis settings will likely entail complex trade-offs bet...

    Authors: Sylvia Garry, Nada Abdelmagid, Louisa Baxter, Natalie Roberts, Olivier le Polain de Waroux, Sharif Ismail, Ruwan Ratnayake, Caroline Favas, Elizabeth Lewis and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:80
  41. Humanitarian organizations have developed innovative and context specific interventions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic as guidance has been normative in nature and most are not humanitarian specific. In ...

    Authors: Neha S. Singh, Orit Abrahim, Chiara Altare, Karl Blanchet, Caroline Favas, Alex Odlum and Paul B. Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:79
  42. Despite advances in the evidence base and scaling up of mental health and psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents affected by conflict and adversity, a theory-practice gap remains, with limited...

    Authors: Tania Bosqui, Anas Mayya, Liliane Younes, Myriam Claire Baker and Ismat Maktabi Annan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:78
  43. Refugees fleeing conflict often experience poor mental health due to experiences in their country of origin, during displacement, and in new host environments. Conditions in refugee camps and settlements, and ...

    Authors: Anna Chiumento, Theoneste Rutayisire, Emmanuel Sarabwe, M. Tasdik Hasan, Rosco Kasujja, Rachel Nabirinde, Joseph Mugarura, Daniel M. Kagabo, Paul Bangirana, Stefan Jansen, Peter Ventevogel, Jude Robinson and Ross G. White
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:77
  44. The United Nations (UN) Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) comprises the largest and longest serving peacekeeping operation to date. Since the launch of the missio...

    Authors: Kirstin Wagner, Heide Glaesmer, Susan A. Bartels and Sabine Lee
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:76
  45. Armed conflict between the militant Islamist group Boko Haram, other insurgents, and the Nigerian military has principally affected three states of northeastern Nigeria (Borno, Adamawa, Yobe) since 2002. An in...

    Authors: Jennifer A. Tyndall, Khadidiatou Ndiaye, Chinwenwo Weli, Eskedar Dejene, Nwanneamaka Ume, Victory Inyang, Christiana Okere, John Sandberg and Ronald J. Waldman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:75

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:11

  46. Facility-based sentinel testing for COVID-19 was implemented in May 2020 to monitor the prevalence of COVID-19 amongst the Rohingya and host community in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. In response both to low uptake...

    Authors: Catherine R. McGowan, Nora Hellman, Sayem Chowdhury, Abdul Mannan, Katherine Newell and Rachael Cummings
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:74
  47. Armed conflict may influence the size and scope of research in Arab countries. We aimed to assess the impact of the 2011 Syrian conflict on health articles about Syria published in indexed journals.

    Authors: Rima A. Abdul-Khalek, Walaa Kayyal, Abdul Rahman Akkawi, Mohamad Almalla, Khurram Arif, Lama Bou-Karroum, Amena El-Harakeh, Manal K. Elzalabany, Racha Fadlallah, Fatima Ghaddar, Danna Kashlan, Sara Kassas, Tania Khater, Nisreen Mobayed, Dalal Rahme, Omran Saifi…
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:73
  48. Infectious disease outbreaks represent potentially catastrophic threats to those affected by humanitarian crises. High transmissibility, crowded living conditions, widespread co-morbidities, and a lack of inte...

    Authors: Catherine R. McGowan, Louisa Baxter, Marc DuBois, Julian Sheather, Ruma Khondaker, Rachael Cummings and Kevin Watkins
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:72

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