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  1. Content type: Research

    In recent years Europe has received an increasing influx of migrants, many of whom risked their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea. In October 2013, Italy launched a search and rescue operation at sea in res...

    Authors: Alessia Trovato, Anthony Reid, Kudakwashe C. Takarinda, Chiara Montaldo, Tom Decroo, Philip Owiti, Francesco Bongiorno and Stefano Di Carlo

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:14

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  2. Content type: Research

    Globally, an estimated 300,000 children under the age of 18 participate in combat situations; those in armed groups in particular suffer prolonged exposure to psychological and physical abuse. The Lord’s Resis...

    Authors: Jocelyn TD Kelly, Lindsay Branham and Michele R. Decker

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:11

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  3. Content type: Research

    The majority of Gazans who were killed or injured in the 2014 Israel—Gaza war were civilians, and one-fourth of the population were internally displaced. As the Gaza Strip is a small territory, the whole popul...

    Authors: Arild Vaktskjold, Mohammad Yaghi, Usama Balawi, Bjørn Iversen and Wendy Venter

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:10

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  4. Content type: Methodology

    Conflict affected refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) are at increased vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Health, psychosocial, and protection services have been implemented in humanita...

    Authors: A. L. Wirtz, N. Glass, K. Pham, N. Perrin, L. S. Rubenstein, S. Singh and A. Vu

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:7

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  5. Content type: Research

    Sexual violence is prevalent in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and has resulted in sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). Despite restrictive laws, women may seek to terminate SVRPs; however...

    Authors: Shada A. Rouhani, Jennifer Scott, Gillian Burkhardt, Monica A. Onyango, Sadia Haider, Ashley Greiner, Katherine Albutt, Michael VanRooyen and Susan A. Bartels

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:9

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  6. Content type: Research

    The United Nations Refugee Agency’s Health Information System issues analytical reports on the current camp conditions and trends for priority reproductive health issues. The goal was to assess the status of r...

    Authors: Jennifer Whitmill, Curtis Blanton, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Nadine Cornier, Marian Schilperood, Paul Spiegel and Barbara Tomczyk

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:3

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  7. Content type: Research

    The insurgency tactics that characterize modern warfare, such as suicide car bombs and roadside bombs, have the potential to significantly impact road traffic injuries in conflict affected-countries. As road t...

    Authors: Eva Leidman, Maret Maliniak, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Ahmed Hassan, Syed Jaffar Hussain and Oleg O. Bilukha

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:2

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  8. Content type: Research

    The movement of Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian territories is restricted by bureaucratic and physical obstacles. To date, no studies have examined the barriers that Palestinian medical students face ...

    Authors: Sarrah Shahawy and Megan Diamond

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:5

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  9. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editors of Conflict and Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2015).

    Authors: Ruwan Ratnayake, Bayard Roberts, Michelle Gaffey and Adrianna Murphy

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:4

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  10. Content type: Research

    Refugees and internally displaced persons who are affected by armed-conflict are at increased vulnerability to some forms of sexual violence or other types of gender-based violence. A validated, brief and easy...

    Authors: Alexander Vu, Andrea Wirtz, Kiemanh Pham, Sonal Singh, Leonard Rubenstein, Nancy Glass and Nancy Perrin

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:1

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  11. Content type: Letter to Editor

    We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all Syrian immigrants from the TurkishSyrian border who delivered the Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity and Teaching Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in...

    Authors: Mehmet Büyüktiryaki, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Evrim Alyamaç Dizdar, Nilüfer Okur and Gülsüm Kadıoğlu Şimşek

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:38

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2016 10:23

  12. Content type: Research

    Refugees are at high risk for communicable diseases due to overcrowding and poor water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions. Handwashing with soap removes pathogens from hands and reduces disease risk. A hepati...

    Authors: Raina M Phillips, Jelena Vujcic, Andrew Boscoe, Thomas Handzel, Mark Aninyasi, Susan T Cookson, Curtis Blanton, Lauren S Blum and Pavani K Ram

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:39

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  13. Content type: Research

    Since 2011, civil war has crippled Syria leaving much of the population without access to healthcare. Various field hospitals have been clandestinely set up to provide basic healthcare but few have been able t...

    Authors: Miguel Trelles, Lynette Dominguez, Katie Tayler-Smith, Katrin Kisswani, Alberto Zerboni, Thierry Vandenborre, Silvia Dallatomasina, Alaa Rahmoun and Marie-Christine Ferir

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:36

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  14. Content type: Research

    The public health significance of maternal mental health is well established. Armed conflicts expose populations to events that could have long-term negative consequences for mental health of pregnant women an...

    Authors: Muhammad Naseem Khan, Anna Chiumento, Mukesh Dherani, Katie Bristow, Siham Sikander and Atif Rahman

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:37

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  15. Content type: Research

    Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has endured decades of conflict resulting in widespread experiences of conflict related trauma and destruction to health and social infrastructure. The aim of this qualitat...

    Authors: Megan Cherewick, Anjalee Kohli, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Clovis Mitima Murhula, Arsene Kajabika Bin Kurhorhwa, Alfred Bacikenge Mirindi, Nadine Mwinja Bufole, Jean Heri Banywesize, Gisele Mushengezi Ntakwinja, Gracia Mitima Kindja and Nancy Glass

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:35

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  16. Content type: Review

    The war in Syria, now in its fourth year, is one of the bloodiest in recent times. The legacy of war includes damage to the health of children that can last for decades and affect future generations. In this a...

    Authors: Delan Devakumar, Marion Birch, Leonard S. Rubenstein, David Osrin, Egbert Sondorp and Jonathan C. K. Wells

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:34

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  17. Content type: Research

    The Myanmar army and ethnic armed groups agreed to a preliminary ceasefire in 2012, but a heavy military presence remains in southeastern Myanmar. Qualitative data suggested this militarization can result in h...

    Authors: William W. Davis, Luke C. Mullany, Matt Schissler, Saw Albert and Chris Beyrer

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:32

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  18. Content type: Research

    Yobe State has faced severe disruption of its health service as a result of the Boko Haram insurgency. A systems dynamics analysis was conducted to identify key pathways of threat to provision and emerging pat...

    Authors: Alastair K. Ager, Martina Lembani, Abdulaziz Mohammed, Garba Mohammed Ashir, Ahmad Abdulwahab, Helen de Pinho, Peter Delobelle and Christina Zarowsky

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:30

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  19. Content type: Research

    Little is known specifically about the effects of conflict and displacement on provision of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. We aimed to understand the association between levels of conflict and ...

    Authors: Özge Tunçalp, Ibrahima Socé Fall, Sharon J. Phillips, Inga Williams, Massambou Sacko, Ousmane Boubacar Touré, Lisa J. Thomas and Lale Say

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:28

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  20. Content type: Research

    More than a decade of conflict has weakened the health system in the Democratic Republic of Congo and decreased its ability to respond to the needs of the population. Community scorecards have been conceived a...

    Authors: Lara S. Ho, Guillaume Labrecque, Isatou Batonon, Viviana Salsi and Ruwan Ratnayake

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:27

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  21. Content type: Review

    Various models and strategies have been implemented over the years in different parts of the world to improve maternal and newborn health (MNH) in conflict affected areas. These strategies are based on specifi...

    Authors: Zohra S. Lassi, Wafa Aftab, Shabina Ariff, Rohail Kumar, Imtiaz Hussain, Nabiha B. Musavi, Zahid Memon, Sajid B. Soofi and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:25

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  22. Content type: Research

    Diarrheal disease is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Displaced populations are especially vulnerable due to overcrowded camps and limited access to water and sanitation facilities, increasing the ri...

    Authors: Farah Husain, Colleen Hardy, Lemlem Zekele, David Clatworthy, Curtis Blanton and Thomas Handzel

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:26

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  23. Content type: Research

    Northern Uganda was severely affected by two decades of civil war that led to the displacement and encampment of an estimated 1.6 million inhabitants. The objective of this study was to assess community perspe...

    Authors: Christopher Garimoi Orach, George Otim, Juliet Faith Aporomon, Richard Amone, Stephen Acellam Okello, Beatrice Odongkara and Henry Komakech

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:24

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  24. Content type: Case study

    Ebola seems to be a particular risk in conflict affected contexts. All three of the countries most affected by the 2014-15 outbreak have a complex conflict-affected recent history. Other major outbreaks in the...

    Authors: Barbara McPake, Sophie Witter, Sarah Ssali, Haja Wurie, Justine Namakula and Freddie Ssengooba

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:23

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  25. Content type: Review

    Sexual violence is recognised as a widespread consequence of armed conflict and other humanitarian crises. The limited evidence in literature on interventions in this field suggests a need for alternatives to ...

    Authors: Jo Spangaro, Chinelo Adogu, Anthony B. Zwi, Geetha Ranmuthugala and Gawaine Powell Davies

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:19

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  26. Content type: Case study

    Staff well-being including stress awareness and stress management skills is usually not a priority in (mental) health policies. In Kosovo, the level of stress amongst primary health care (PHC) professionals is...

    Authors: Albertien van der Veen, Tineke van Pietersom, Barbara Lopes Cardozo, Feride Rushiti, Genc Ymerhalili and Ferid Agani

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:21

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study deals with the adaptation of Katana referral hospital in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in a changing environment that is affected for more than a decade by intermittent armed conflicts. His o...

    Authors: Hermès Karemere, Nathalie Ribesse, Bruno Marchal and Jean Macq

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:17

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Assessing the availability of health services during humanitarian emergencies is essential for understanding the capacities and weaknesses of disrupted health systems. To improve the consistency of health faci...

    Authors: Jason W. Nickerson, Janet Hatcher-Roberts, Orvill Adams, Amir Attaran and Peter Tugwell

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:20

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  29. Content type: Case study

    By the summer of 2014, the Syrian crisis resulted in a regional humanitarian emergency with 2.9 million refugees, including 608,000 in Jordan. These refugees access United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee...

    Authors: Susan T. Cookson, Hiba Abaza, Kevin R. Clarke, Ann Burton, Nadia A. Sabrah, Khaled A. Rumman, Nedal Odeh and Marwan Naoum

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:18

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  30. Content type: Letter to Editor

    A series of Médecins Sans Frontières projects for irregular migrants over the past decade have consistently documented high rates of 14 physical and sexual trauma, extortion and mental illness amidst severe he...

    Authors: Kevin Pottie, Jorge Pedro Martin, Stephen Cornish, Linn Maria Biorklund, Ivan Gayton, Frank Doerner and Fabien Schneider

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:16

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  31. Content type: Case study

    The World Health Organization proposes 6 building blocks for health systems. These are vulnerable to challenges in many contexts. Findings from a 2004 assessment of the health system in Mali for diabetes care ...

    Authors: Stéphane Besançon, Ibrahima-Soce Fall, Mathieu Doré, Assa Sidibé, Olivier Hagon, François Chappuis and David Beran

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:15

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Shoklo Malaria Research Unit has been providing health care in remote clinics on the Thai-Myanmar border to refugee and migrant populations since 1986 and 1995, respectively. Clinics are staffed by local healt...

    Authors: Lilian Stanley, Thaw Htwe Min, Hla Hla Than, Marie Stolbrink, Kathryn McGregor, Cindy Chu, François H Nosten and Rose McGready

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:11

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Destruction of health systems in fragile and conflict-affected states increases civilian mortality. Despite the size, scope, scale and political influence of international security forces intervening in fragil...

    Authors: Margaret Bourdeaux, Vanessa Kerry, Christian Haggenmiller and Karlheinz Nickel

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:14

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The flight of Syrian and Palestinian families into Lebanon from Syria included a number of older refugees. This study sought to characterize the physical and emotional conditions, dietary habits, coping practi...

    Authors: Jonathan Strong, Christopher Varady, Najla Chahda, Shannon Doocy and Gilbert Burnham

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:12

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  35. Content type: Debate

    Global health policy and development aid trends also affect humanitarian health work. Reconstruction, rehabilitation and development initiatives start increasingly earlier after crisis, unleashing tensions bet...

    Authors: Mit Philips and Katharine Derderian

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:13

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The burden of neuropsychiatric disorders in refugees is likely high, but little has been reported on the neuropsychiatric disorders that affect Syrian and Iraqi refugees in a country of first asylum. This anal...

    Authors: Erica D McKenzie, Paul Spiegel, Adam Khalifa and Farrah J Mateen

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:10

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  37. Content type: Research

    For over a decade, Afghanistan’s Ministry of Public Health and its international development partners have invested in strengthening the national health workforce and establishing a system of primary health ca...

    Authors: Manizha Faqir, Partamin Zainullah, Hannah Tappis, Jaime Mungia, Sheena Currie and Young Mi Kim

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:9

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  38. Content type: Research article

    After more than three years of violence in Syria, Lebanon hosts over one million Syrian refugees creating significant public health concerns. Antenatal care delivery to tens of thousands of pregnant Syrian ref...

    Authors: Matthew Benage, P Gregg Greenough, Patrick Vinck, Nada Omeira and Phuong Pham

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:8

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In Burma, severe human rights violations, civil conflict, and the persecution of ethnic and linguistic minority populations has resulted in the displacement of millions of people, many of whom now reside as in...

    Authors: Jillian Gedeon, Saw Nanda Hsue, Meredith Walsh, Cari Sietstra, Hay MarSan and Angel M Foster

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:6

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A humanitarian emergency involves a complete breakdown of authority that often disrupts routine health care delivery, including immunization. Diarrheal diseases are a principal cause of morbidity and mortality...

    Authors: Lisa M Gargano, Jacqueline E Tate, Umesh D Parashar, Saad B Omer and Susan T Cookson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:5

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  41. Content type: Research

    Globally mental health problems are a serious public health concern. Currently four out of five people with severe mental illness in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) receive no effective treatment. There...

    Authors: Nagendra P Luitel, Mark JD Jordans, Anup Adhikari, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Charlotte Hanlon, Crick Lund and Ivan H Komproe

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:3

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  42. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editors of Conflict and Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 8 (2014).

    Authors: Olivier Degomme, Ruwan Ratnayake, Bayard Roberts, Ines Keygnaert, Adrianna Murphy and An-Sofie Van Parys

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:4

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