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  1. Older refugees face particular challenges because their health and social needs are largely overlooked in humanitarian programmes, policies and research. The few studies available have shown that older refugee...

    Authors: Maya Abi Chahine and Hanna Kienzler
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:62
  2. Older Syrian refugees in Lebanon are a marginalized population with under-recognized health needs. The inclusivity of this population within the humanitarian response is poorly understood. This study aims to i...

    Authors: Sarah Hachem, Souad Ali, Sarah Al-Omari, Maya Abi Chahine, Sasha Abdallah Fahme and Abla Mehio Sibai
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:61
  3. Understanding how health systems respond to shocks has become a pressing need to strengthen response efforts. With already fragmented and disrupted health services, fragile and conflict affected [FCA] countrie...

    Authors: Kyaw Myat Thu, Sarah Bernays and Seye Abimbola
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:60
  4. Forced migrant women experience high levels of violence across their journeys and violence can be characterised as having three overarching forms: structural, symbolic, and interpersonal. It is important to un...

    Authors: Jeanine Hourani, Yara Jarallah, Karen Block, Linda Murray, Jasmin Chen, Maria Hach and Cathy Vaughan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:59
  5. In several conflicts worldwide children are recruited as fighters in irregular forces. These children need to be reintegrated into the society after the conflict. However, concurrent to various reservations in...

    Authors: Rezhna Mohammed and Frank Neuner
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:58
  6. The 11 years of the devastating conflict in Syria resulted in more than 874,000 deaths, and in more than thirteen million refugees and internally displaced people (UNHCR, Syrian refugee crisis: aid, statistics...

    Authors: Munzer Alkhalil, Maher Alaref, Hala Mkhallalati, Zedoun Alzoubi and Abdulkarim Ekzayez
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:57
  7. Understanding and improving access to essential services in (post)-conflict settings requires paying particular attention to the actors who occupy the space left ‘empty’ by weak or deficient State institutions...

    Authors: Sadiki Kangamina, Jean-Benoit Falisse, Amuda Baba, Liz Grant, Nigel Pearson, Yossa Way and Emma Wild-Wood
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:56
  8. The emerging trends of asymmetric and urban warfare call for a revision of the needs and the way in which frontline trauma care is provided to affected population. However, there is no consensus on the process...

    Authors: F. Salio, A. Pirisi, E. Bruni, M. Court, K. Peleg, S. Reaiche, A. Redmond, E. Weinstein, I. Hubloue, F. Della Corte and L. Ragazzoni
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:55
  9. Humanitarian crises represent a significant public health risk factor for affected populations exacerbating mortality, morbidity, disabilities, and reducing access to and quality of health care. Reliable and t...

    Authors: Chiara Altare, William Weiss, Marwa Ramadan, Hannah Tappis and Paul B. Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:54
  10. Many refugee children face challenges accessing education, but refugee children with disabilities are especially vulnerable to exclusion from school environments as well as social settings. Mainstreaming is co...

    Authors: Thomas M. Crea, Elizabeth K. Klein, Oladoyin Okunoren, Maria Paula Jimenez, Greg St. Arnold, Truphena Kirior, Eric Velandria and Daniela Bruni
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:53
  11. Delays in seeking timely maternity care from health care professionals are crucial to address among the Rohingya population where many preventable pregnancy-related deaths occur within the camps when care is n...

    Authors: Mrittika Barua, Sayantan Chowdhury, Avijit Saha, Chand Mia, Stenly Hely Sajow and Malabika Sarker
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:51
  12. Adherence to medication regimens is essential to decrease morbidity/mortality and increase life expectancy among HIV positive persons on Highly Active Anti-retroviral Therapy (HAART). This study was born in re...

    Authors: Dasha Reddy and Nicole S. Berry
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:50
  13. The Gaza Strip, like other settings of complex humanitarian emergencies, faces immense challenges in vaccinating its population against COVID-19. This study was conducted in October 2021 among Gaza’s adult pop...

    Authors: Jennifer Majer, Jehad H. Elhissi, Nabil Mousa and Natalya Kostandova
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:48
  14. Forced migrants fleeing conflict and violence face a high risk of mental health problems due to experiences before displacement, perilous journeys, and conditions in the new host societies. Asylum seekers seem...

    Authors: Charlotta van Eggermont Arwidson, Jessica Holmgren, Kristina Gottberg, Petter Tinghög and Henrik Eriksson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:47
  15. A significant proportion of the global population is displaced, many being women. Qualitative studies can generate in-depth findings that will contribute to an understanding of their experiences, but there is ...

    Authors: Linda Jolof, Patricia Rocca, Monir Mazaheri, Leah Okenwa Emegwa and Tommy Carlsson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:46
  16. Hygiene behaviour change programmes are complex to design. These challenges are heightened during crises when humanitarian responders are under pressure to implement programmes rapidly despite having limited i...

    Authors: Sian White, Thomas Heath, Anna C. Mutula, Robert Dreibelbis and Jennifer Palmer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:45
  17. Needs assessment is one of the fundamental humanitarian responses to sudden-onset or long-lasting emergencies. The Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)/ HESPER Web are valid scales fo...

    Authors: Karin Hugelius
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:44
  18. Volunteer community health workers are increasingly being engaged in Nigeria, through the World Health Organization’s task sharing strategy. This strategy aims to address gaps in human resources for health, in...

    Authors: Luret Lar, Martyn Stewart, Sunday Isiyaku, Laura Dean, Kim Ozano, Caleb Mpyet and Sally Theobald
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:43
  19. Forcibly displaced children are at increased risk of violence and mental health disorders. In refugee contexts, schools are generally perceived as protective environments where children can build a sense of be...

    Authors: Camilla Fabbri, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Baptiste Leurent, Katherine Rodrigues, Elizabeth Shayo, Vivien Barongo and Karen M. Devries
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:42
  20. Mental Health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programs are essential during humanitarian crises and in conflict settings, like Nigeria’s Borno State. However, research on how types of traumatic stress and sym...

    Authors: Santiago Martínez Torre, Cristina Carreño, Luis Sordo, Augusto E. llosa, Janet Ousley, Abdulrauf Waziri, Richard Mathela, Retsat Dazang Umar, Joshua Usman and María José Sagrado
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:41
  21. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death and disability globally. Their importance in humanitarian settings is increasingly recognised, but evidence about how best to address NCDs in the...

    Authors: Benjamin Schmid, Éimhín Ansbro, Emmanuel Raju, Ruth Willis, Nazar Shabila and Pablo Perel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:40
  22. Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar are the world’s leading heroin and cocaine producers and have also experienced prolonged periods of armed conflict. The link between armed conflict and drug markets is well es...

    Authors: Sally O’Brien, Margarita Marin Jaramillo, Bayard Roberts and Lucy Platt
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:39
  23. Conflict reduces availability of production input and income, increases the number of days households had to rely on less preferred foods, and limits the variety of foods eaten and the portion size of meals co...

    Authors: Tracy Kuo Lin, Rawan Kafri, Weeam Hammoudeh, Suzan Mitwalli, Zeina Jamaluddine, Hala Ghattas, Rita Giacaman and Tiziana Leone
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:38
  24. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global health, human rights, and protection issue, which can increase during emergencies. GBV coordination is an essential component of every humanitarian response, ensuring th...

    Authors: Philomena Raftery, Natasha Howard, Jennifer Palmer and Mazeda Hossain
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:37
  25. Recent global reports highlighted the importance of addressing the quality of care in all settings including fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), as a central strategy for the attainment of sustaina...

    Authors: Marwa Ramadan, Hannah Tappis and William Brieger
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:36
  26. Starting in October 2019, Lebanon experienced overlapping crises that caused a significant deterioration of the living conditions for Syrian refugees and the host community. Previous studies have shown that di...

    Authors: Rima Mourtada and Andrea J. Melnikas
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:35
  27. The burden of malaria remains the highest in sub-Saharan Africa and South Sudan is not an exception. The country has borne the brunt of years of chronic warfare and remains endemic of malaria, with increasing ...

    Authors: Israel Oluwaseyidayo Idris, Gabriel Omoniyi Ayeni, Ihoghosa Osamuyi Iyamu, Ayomide Busayo Sina-Odunsi, Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi and Justin Geno Obwoya
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:34
  28. It is estimated that over 930 million people live in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS) worldwide. These regions, characterized by violence, civil unrest, and war, are often governed by corrupt ad...

    Authors: Kameela Miriam Alibhai, Bianca R. Ziegler, Louise Meddings, Evans Batung and Isaac Luginaah
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:33
  29. Syrian refugee women face health care disparities and experience worse pregnancy outcomes, including miscarriage. We investigated risk factors for miscarriage in Syrian refugee women living in non-camp setting...

    Authors: Maysa M. Khadra, Haya H. Suradi, Justin Z. Amarin, Nabila El-Bassel, Neeraj Kaushal, Ruba M. Jaber, Raeda Al-Qutob and Anindita Dasgupta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:32
  30. Given the magnitude and frequency of conflicts in the MENA region along with their devastating impact on health responses and outcomes, there exists a strong need to invest in contextualized, innovative, and a...

    Authors: Shadi Saleh, Rania Mansour, Tracy Daou, Dayana Brome and Hady Naal
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:31
  31. The impacts of COVID-19 are unprecedented globally. The pandemic is reversing decades of progress in maternal, newborn, child health and nutrition (MNCHN), especially fragile and conflict-affected settings (FC...

    Authors: Mariana Rodo, Lucy Singh, Neal Russell and Neha S. Singh
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:30
  32. Cameroon’s Southwest Region (SW) has been hit by an armed conflict for over half a decade now, negatively affecting the region’s routine immunization and disease surveillance activities. This negative effect w...

    Authors: Andreas Ateke Njoh, Yauba Saidu, Hassan Ben Bachir, Shalom Tchokfe Ndoula, Eric Mboke, Raoul Nembot, Afizu Chrakoh Tambasho, Messang Blandine Abizou, Judith Seungue, Clarence Mbanga and Victor Njie Mbome
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:29
  33. In Canada, approximately 13% of the population lives with multiple chronic conditions. Newcomers, including refugees, have the same or higher risk of developing chronic diseases as their host population. In 20...

    Authors: Nancy Carter, Sandra Carroll, Rawan Aljbour, Kalpana Nair and Olive Wahoush
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:28
  34. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is consistently plagued with humanitarian crises while having little response capacity. Despite their obvious growing need, there exist limited educational opport...

    Authors: Shadi Saleh, Dayana Brome, Rania Mansour, Tracy Daou, Amar Chamas and Hady Naal
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:27
  35. Household violence is one of the most prevalent forms of gender-based violence faced by adolescent girls in humanitarian settings. A growing evidence base demonstrates the extent to which multiple forms of fam...

    Authors: Andrea Koris, Shadrack Steven, Veronica Akika, Cassondra Puls, Charles Okoro, David Bitrus, Ilana Seff, Julianne Deitch and Lindsay Stark
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:26
  36. Recent research shows that psychological distress is on the rise globally as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and restrictions imposed on populations to manage it. We studied the association between psycholog...

    Authors: Gloria Seruwagi, Catherine Nakidde, Eric Lugada, Maria Ssematiko, Dunstan P. Ddamulira, Andrew Masaba, Brian Luswata, Eric A. Ochen, Betty Okot, Denis Muhangi and Stephen Lawoko
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:25
  37. Disasters are chaotic events with healthcare needs that overwhelm available capacities. Disaster healthcare responders must make difficult and swift choices, e.g., regarding who and what to prioritize. Respond...

    Authors: Martina E. Gustavsson, Niklas Juth, Filip K. Arnberg and Johan von Schreeb
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:24
  38. Maternal and perinatal death surveillance and response (MPDSR) is a system of identifying, analysing and learning lessons from such deaths in order to respond and prevent future deaths, and has been recommende...

    Authors: Neal Russell, Hannah Tappis, Jean Paul Mwanga, Benjamin Black, Kusum Thapa, Endang Handzel, Elaine Scudder, Ribka Amsalu, Jyoti Reddi, Francesca Palestra and Allisyn C. Moran
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:23
  39. In August 2017, Myanmar’s Armed Forces, the Tatmadaw, launched an orchestrated attack on hundreds of Rohingya-majority villages in northern Rakhine state. This study seeks to validate the consistency of previo...

    Authors: Sarah Trager, Jennifer Leigh, Andrea Woods, Parveen Parmar, Agnes Petty, Rohini Haar and Chris Beyrer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:22
  40. The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has a long history of conflict and ongoing local instability; the eastern provinces, including South Kivu, have been especially affected. Health systems and livelihoods h...

    Authors: Rasika Behl, Sofia Ali, Jonathan Altamirano, Abraham Leno, Yvonne Maldonado and Clea Sarnquist
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:21
  41. This study examined the impact of armed conflict on public health surveillance systems, the limitations of traditional surveillance in this context, and innovative strategies to overcome these limitations. A q...

    Authors: Eric Wiesen, Raymond Dankoli, Melton Musa, Jeff Higgins, Joseph Forbi, Jibrin Idris, Ndadilnasiya Waziri, Oladapo Ogunbodede, Kabiru Mohammed, Omotayo Bolu, Gatei WaNganda, Usman Adamu and Eve Pinsker
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:20
  42. Psychological distress due to the ongoing war, violence, and persecution is particularly common among Afghan asylum seekers and refugees. In addition, individuals face a variety of post-migration living diffic...

    Authors: Jennifer Schiess-Jokanovic, Matthias Knefel, Viktoria Kantor, Dina Weindl, Ingo Schäfer and Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:19
  43. In 2008, Somalia introduced an electronic based Early Warning Alert and Response Network (EWARN) for real time detection and response to alerts of epidemic prone diseases in a country experiencing a complex hu...

    Authors: Mutaawe Lubogo, Mary Joan Karanja, Rennatus Mdodo, Sherein Elnossery, Ali Abdirahman Osman, Abdulkadir Abdi, Evans Buliva, Muhammad Tayyab, Omar Abdulle Omar, Mirza Mashrur Ahmed, Solomon Chane Abera, Abdinasir Abubakar and Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:18
  44. Forcibly displaced people are at elevated risk of experiencing circumstances that can adversely impact on mental health. Culturally and contextually relevant tools to assess their mental health and psychosocia...

    Authors: Rosco Kasujja, Paul Bangirana, Anna Chiumento, Tasdik Hasan, Stefan Jansen, Daniel M. Kagabo, Maria Popa, Peter Ventevogel and Ross G. White
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:17
  45. One in three women in northern Uganda report having suffered from conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV), including forced marriage and rape. Research on the long-term effects of CRSV on the health and social...

    Authors: Mahlet A. Woldetsadik, Grace Acan and Okwir Isaac Odiya
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:16
  46. Civil wars in the Great Lakes region resulted in massive displacement of people to neighboring countries including Uganda. With associated disease epidemics related to this conflict, a disease surveillance sys...

    Authors: Alex Riolexus Ario, Emily Atuheire Barigye, Innocent Harbert Nkonwa, Jimmy Ogwal, Denis Nixon Opio, Lilian Bulage, Daniel Kadobera, Paul Edward Okello, Leocadia Warren Kwagonza, Susan Kizito, Benon Kwesiga and Julius Kasozi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:15
  47. Much applied research on the consequences of conflicts for health suffers from data limitations, particularly the absence of longitudinal data spanning pre-, during- and post-conflict periods for affected indi...

    Authors: Rodrigo Moreno-Serra, Misael Anaya-Montes, Sebastián León-Giraldo and Oscar Bernal
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:14
  48. In a geopolitically at-risk environment, such as Palestine, gender-based violence (GBV) is still a crucial problem rooted in discriminatory laws and traditional habits exacerbated by the ongoing Israeli milita...

    Authors: Fayez Mahamid, Guido Veronese and Dana Bdier
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:13

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