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  1. Globally, the number of forcibly displaced individuals has reached 70.8 million. Lebanon, a middle income country, hosts the highest number of refugees per capita worldwide. The majority of refugees are Syrian...

    Authors: Shadi Saleh, Lina Abdouni, Hani Dimassi, Dana Nabulsi, Ranime Harb, Zeinab Jammoul, Noha Hachach and Nour El Arnaout

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:77

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Armed conflict has significant impacts on individuals and families living in conflict-affected settings globally. Scholars working to prevent violence within families have hypothesised that experiencing armed ...

    Authors: Delan Devakumar, Alexis Palfreyman, Amaran Uthayakumar-Cumarasamy, Nazifa Ullah, Chavini Ranasinghe, Nicole Minckas, Abhijit Nadkarni, Sian Oram, David Osrin and Jenevieve Mannell

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:74

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. There is an urgent need for evidence-based, scalable, psychological interventions to improve the mental health of adolescents affected by adversity in low-resource settings. Early Adolescents Skills for Emotio...

    Authors: Aneeha Singh, Ashley Nemiro, Aiysha Malik, Marie-France Guimond, Estella Nduwimana, Samuel Likindikoki, Jeannie Annan and Wietse A. Tol

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:73

    Content type: Research

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  4. Populations affected by humanitarian emergencies are vulnerable to substance (alcohol and other drug) use disorders, yet treatment and prevention services are scarce. Delivering substance use disorder treatmen...

    Authors: M. Claire Greene, Stephanie Haddad, Anja Busse, Nadine Ezard, Peter Ventevogel, Lina Demis, Sachi Inoue, Jan-Christopher Gumm, Giovanna Campello, Wietse A. Tol and Jeremy C. Kane

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:71

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. The political and military advance of the Taliban, reduced healthcare capacity, and imminent humanitarian crisis risk exacerbating an already very serious threat posed by COVID-19 in Afghanistan. The continued...

    Authors: Mohammad Yasir Essar, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Zarmina Islam, Mehr Muhammad Adeel Riaz, Abdullahi Tunde Aborode and Shoaib Ahmad

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:70

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  6. The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world’s poorest and most fragile countries. Maybe there is no nation on the planet where the official health statistics are so poor. Evidence presented in this ...

    Authors: Anna Kuehne and Leslie Roberts

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:68

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  7. The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most unstable in the world. In 2014, over 2.5 million civilians were displaced in Iraq; between 2015 and 2017 more than 3 million people continued...

    Authors: Muhammad Fawad Khan, Daniel Jeannetot, Kamal Sunil Olleri, Mirjam Bakker, Altaf Sadrudin Musani, Adham Rashad Ismail Abdel Moneim, Wael Hatahit and Prisca Zwanikken

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:67

    Content type: Research

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  8. This Letter to the Editor aims to reflect on the current challenges to increase the coverage of COVID-19 vaccination in the fragile and conflict-affected setting of Lebanon, which is currently experiencing one...

    Authors: Ludmila Lobkowicz, Julien Lahoud and Ibrahim Bou-Orm

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:66

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  9. Turkey hosts the world’s largest refugee population of whom 3.5 million are Syrians and this population has been continuously growing since the year 2011. This situation causes various problems, mainly while r...

    Authors: Şevkat Bahar Özvarış, Bahar Güçiz Doğan, Hande Konşuk Ünlü, Gamze Aktuna, Tacettin İnandı, A. Öner Kurt, Neriman Aydın and M. Tezer Kutluk

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. The 2006 United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities states that the achievement of equal rights, empowerment and social inclusion of people with disabilities requires comprehensive re...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Trani, Juanita Vasquez-Escallon and Parul Bakhshi

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:63

    Content type: Research

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  11. The ongoing civil war in Yemen has severely restricted imports of food and fuel, disrupted livelihoods and displaced millions, worsening already high pre-war levels of food insecurity. Paired with frequent out...

    Authors: Rana A. Hussein, Mark P. Suprenant, Najwa Al-Dheeb, Saul Guerrero, Eleanor Rogers, Fouzia Shafique, Meredith Dyson and Muhammad H. Zaman

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:62

    Content type: Research

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  12. Pregnancy-related mortality remains persistently higher in post-conflict areas. Part of the blame lies with continued disruption to vital care provision, especially emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC)...

    Authors: Serge-André Mizerero, Calistus Wilunda, Patou Masika Musumari, Masako Ono-Kihara, Gerrye Mubungu, Masahiro Kihara and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:61

    Content type: Research in practice

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  13. Myanmar has had a long history of civil wars with its minority ethnic groups and is yet to see a sustainable peace accord. The conflicts have had a significant impact on health in Myanmar, with ethnic populati...

    Authors: Colette Pang Biesty, Aung Ja Brang and Barry Munslow

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:60

    Content type: Research

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  14. Both conflict and non-conflict sexual violence have been well described in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). However, there is little empiric data comparing sexual violence patterns for males and females...

    Authors: Justin Paluku Lussy, Annie Dube, Jonathan Kasereka M. Lusi, Aurélien Mahamba Kikoli, Eugénie Kamabu Mukekulu and Susan A. Bartels

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:59

    Content type: Research

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  15. Children with disabilities face unique challenges in humanitarian aid settings and education may provide protective measures against abuse and exploitation. There are growing calls for inclusive education of c...

    Authors: Kelsey Werner, Gregory St. Arnold and Thomas M. Crea

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:58

    Content type: Case study

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  16. The recent Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks in 2021 exemplify how sexual and reproductive health services are too often considered unessential during health emergencies. Bleeding for reasons other than EVD,...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Désirée Lichtenstein, Benjamin Black, Alice Rosmini and Catrin Schulte-Hillen

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:57

    Content type: Commentary

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  17. Humanitarian practitioners have recently expanded their focus from the provision of assistance only to working to ensure refugees and internally displaced peoples (IDPs) can develop sustained ‘self-reliance’. ...

    Authors: Ilana Seff, Kellie Leeson and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:56

    Content type: Methodology

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  18. Research has identified built environmental attributes associated with children’s physical activity (PA); however, less is known for environmental correlates of refugee children’s PA. This narrative review summar...

    Authors: Siqi Chen, Alison Carver, Takemi Sugiyama and Martin Knöll

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:55

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  19. The need for early identification of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases in communities was high in Yemen during the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic because most cases presenting to health facilities were...

    Authors: Manal Salem Omar Baaees, Jeremias D. Naiene, Ali Ahmed Al-Waleedi, Nasreen Salem Bin-Azoon, Muhammad Fawad Khan, Nuha Mahmoud and Altaf Musani

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:54

    Content type: Research in practice

    Published on:

  20. Diabetes and hypertension are increasingly prevalent in low and middle income countries, but they are not well documented in refugee settlements in these settings. We sought to estimate the prevalence and asso...

    Authors: Rachel W. Kubiak, Elinor M. Sveum, Zikama Faustin, Timothy Muwonge, Hussain Abbas Zaidi, Andrew Kambugu, Simon Masereka, Julius Kasozi, Ingrid V. Bassett and Kelli N. O’Laughlin

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:53

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has experienced decades-long armed conflicts which have had a negative impact on population’s health. Most research in public health explores measures that focus ...

    Authors: Samuel Lwamushi Makali, Espoir Bwenge Malembaka, Anne-Sophie Lambert, Hermès Bimana Karemere, Christian Molima Eboma, Albert Tambwe Mwembo, Steven Barnes Ssali, Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka, Phillippe Donnen and Jean Macq

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. During conflict, children and adolescents are at increased risk of mental health problems and in particular, anxiety and depression. However, mental health screening in conflict settings is problematic and car...

    Authors: Jon D. Perkins and Julieta Alós

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:51

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. The Central African Republic (CAR) suffers a protracted conflict and has the second lowest human development index in the world. Available mortality estimates vary and differ in methodology. We undertook a ret...

    Authors: Eve Robinson, Lawrence Lee, Leslie F. Roberts, Aurelie Poelhekke, Xavier Charles, Adelaide Ouabo, Jorieke Vyncke, Cono Ariti, Mariette Claudia Adame Gbanzi, Martial Tanguy Ouakouma, Nell Gray, Maura Daly, Kate White, Sam Templeman, Mia Hejdenberg, Maaike Hersevoort…

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:50

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and donors often promote certain practices to a community, such as in-facility births and then evaluate the efficacy of those interventions, in part, by surveying those po...

    Authors: Philippe Wol, Christina Kay and Leslie Roberts

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. Authorities in Somalia responded with drastic measures after the first confirmed COVID-19 case in mid-March 2020, closing borders, schools, limiting travel and prohibiting most group functions. However, the im...

    Authors: Dorien H. Braam, Sharath Srinivasan, Luke Church, Zakaria Sheikh, Freya L. Jephcott and Salome Bukachi

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:47

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Authors: Dorothy Boggs, Oluwarantimi Atijosan-Ayodele, Hisem Yonso, Nathaniel Scherer, Timothy O’Fallon, Gülten Deniz, Selin Volkan, Ahmed Örücü, Isotta Pivato, Ammar Hasan Beck, İbrahim Akıncı, Hannah Kuper, Allen Foster, Andrea Patterson and Sarah Polack

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:46

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:29

  27. Navigating health systems in host countries can be a challenge for refugees, particularly in a multi-provider system such as Lebanon. Syrian refugees in Lebanon face a high burden of Non-Communicable Diseases ...

    Authors: Flora Haderer, Emilie Venables, Josefien van Olmen, Miriam Orcutt, Michella Ghassibe-Sabbagh and Wilma van den Boogaard

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:45

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. To systematically review studies on HRQOL, measured by the WHOQOL-Bref instrument, of refugees in general and clinical populations who are settled in the community of the hosting country, and outline the diffe...

    Authors: Juliette Gagliardi, Christian Brettschneider and Hans-Helmut König

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:44

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. Much has been written about the short-term challenges facing children returning ‘home’ from rebel fighting groups, but little is known about the longer term day to day realities of return. This article present...

    Authors: Melissa Parker, Cristin A. Fergus, Charlotte Brown, Dorothy Atim, James Ocitti, Jackline Atingo and Tim Allen

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Violence and traumatic events are highly prevalent among refugees, but less is known about the impact of these experiences among self-settled refugees in the country of asylum. We evaluated the association bet...

    Authors: Itziar Familiar, Pamela Nasirumbi Muniina, Chris Dolan, Moses Ogwal, David Serwadda, Herbert Kiyingi, Chantal Siya Bahinduka, Enos Sande and Wolfgang Hladik

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:42

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Cash transfers are an increasingly common intervention in the Syrian refugee response to meet basic needs, though there is little known of their potential secondary impact on health outcomes in humanitarian se...

    Authors: By Emily Lyles, Stephen Chua, Yasmeen Barham, Kayla Pfieffer-Mundt, Paul Spiegel, Ann Burton and Shannon Doocy

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Effective measurement of Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (GEWE) is challenging in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), and even more so in humanitarian settings. Conflict, natural disasters, and ep...

    Authors: Céline M. Goulart, Amber Purewal, Humaira Nakhuda, Anita Ampadu, Amanda Giancola, Jean-Luc Kortenaar and Diego G. Bassani

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:39

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  33. Humanitarian crises, such as armed conflict, forced displacement, natural disasters, and major disease outbreaks, take a staggering toll on human health, especially in low-resource settings. Yet there is a dea...

    Authors: Amit S. Mistry, Brandon A. Kohrt, Blythe Beecroft, Nalini Anand and Iman Nuwayhid

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:38

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:49

  34. Attacks on health care in armed conflict, including those on health workers, facilities, patients and transports, represent serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law. Information ab...

    Authors: Rohini J. Haar, Róisín Read, Larissa Fast, Karl Blanchet, Stephanie Rinaldi, Bertrand Taithe, Christina Wille and Leonard S. Rubenstein

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:37

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. War and armed conflicts severely disrupt all health system components, including the healthcare workforce. Although data is limited on the scale of health care worker (HCW) displacement in conflict zones, it i...

    Authors: Diana Rayes, Lana Meiqari, Rouham Yamout, Aula Abbara, Iman Nuwayhid, Samer Jabbour and Marian Abouzeid

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:36

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Internally displaced persons fleeing their homes due to conflict and drought are particularly at risk of morbidity and mortality from diarrhoeal diseases. Regular handwashing with soap (HWWS) could substantial...

    Authors: Astrid Hasund Thorseth, Thomas Heath, Andualem Sisay, Mare Hamo and Sian White

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:35

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was first reported in Sudan on 13 March 2020. Since then, Sudan has experienced one of the highest rates of COVID-19 spread and fatalities in Africa. One year later, as...

    Authors: Quraish Sserwanja, Mohammed Bashir Adam, Joseph Kawuki and Emmanuel Olal

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:34

    Content type: Case study

    Published on:

  38. Under-five death rate is one of the major indicators used in assessing the level of needs and severity of humanitarian crisis. Over the years, a number of small-scale surveys based on Standardized Monitoring a...

    Authors: Thomas Jideofor Ogbu and Debarati Guha-Sapir

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Thousands of children migrate to Europe each year in search of safety and the promise of a better life. Many of them transited through Serbia in 2018. Children journey alone or along with their family members ...

    Authors: Tijana Topalovic, Maria Episkopou, Erin Schillberg, Jelena Brcanski and Milica Jocic

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:32

    Content type: Research in practice

    Published on:

  40. This case study describes research, which is located in Turkey, where more than 750,000 Syrian refugees reside autonomously in Istanbul. The research developed and pilot tested a novel model for helping urban ...

    Authors: Stevan Merill Weine, Aliriza Arënliu, Vahdet Görmez, Scott Lagenecker and Hakan Demirtas

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:31

    Content type: Research in practice

    Published on:

  41. Published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 2015, the mental health Gap Action Programme Humanitarian Intervention Guide (mhGAP-HIG) recommends...

    Authors: Grace K. Ryan, Andreas Bauer, Tarik Endale, Onaiza Qureshi, Asmae Doukani, Arlinda Cerga-Pashoja, Savvy K. Brar, Julian Eaton and Judith K. Bass

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:30

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  42. Epidemiological data on musculoskeletal impairment (MSI) and related service and assistive product (AP) needs for displaced populations are lacking. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence, aetiology, and ...

    Authors: Dorothy Boggs, Oluwarantimi Atijosan-Ayodele, Hisem Yonso, Nathaniel Scherer, Timothy O’Fallon, Gülten Deniz, Selin Volkan, Ahmed Örücü, Isotta Pivato, Ammar Hasan Beck, İbrahim Akıncı, Hannah Kuper, Allen Foster, Andrea Patterson and Sarah Polack

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:46

  43. The need to generate evidence in spaces considered insecure and inhabited by potentially extremely vulnerable individuals (e.g. conflict-affected people who may not have means to move) has led researchers to s...

    Authors: Yazan Douedari, Mervat Alhaffar, Diane Duclos, Mohamed Al-Twaish, Samer Jabbour and Natasha Howard

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:28

    Content type: Research in practice

    Published on:

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