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  1. Refugees fleeing conflict often experience poor mental health due to experiences in their country of origin, during displacement, and in new host environments. Conditions in refugee camps and settlements, and ...

    Authors: Anna Chiumento, Theoneste Rutayisire, Emmanuel Sarabwe, M. Tasdik Hasan, Rosco Kasujja, Rachel Nabirinde, Joseph Mugarura, Daniel M. Kagabo, Paul Bangirana, Stefan Jansen, Peter Ventevogel, Jude Robinson and Ross G. White
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:77
  2. The United Nations (UN) Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) comprises the largest and longest serving peacekeeping operation to date. Since the launch of the missio...

    Authors: Kirstin Wagner, Heide Glaesmer, Susan A. Bartels and Sabine Lee
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:76
  3. Armed conflict between the militant Islamist group Boko Haram, other insurgents, and the Nigerian military has principally affected three states of northeastern Nigeria (Borno, Adamawa, Yobe) since 2002. An in...

    Authors: Jennifer A. Tyndall, Khadidiatou Ndiaye, Chinwenwo Weli, Eskedar Dejene, Nwanneamaka Ume, Victory Inyang, Christiana Okere, John Sandberg and Ronald J. Waldman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:75

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:11

  4. Facility-based sentinel testing for COVID-19 was implemented in May 2020 to monitor the prevalence of COVID-19 amongst the Rohingya and host community in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. In response both to low uptake...

    Authors: Catherine R. McGowan, Nora Hellman, Sayem Chowdhury, Abdul Mannan, Katherine Newell and Rachael Cummings
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:74
  5. Armed conflict may influence the size and scope of research in Arab countries. We aimed to assess the impact of the 2011 Syrian conflict on health articles about Syria published in indexed journals.

    Authors: Rima A. Abdul-Khalek, Walaa Kayyal, Abdul Rahman Akkawi, Mohamad Almalla, Khurram Arif, Lama Bou-Karroum, Amena El-Harakeh, Manal K. Elzalabany, Racha Fadlallah, Fatima Ghaddar, Danna Kashlan, Sara Kassas, Tania Khater, Nisreen Mobayed, Dalal Rahme, Omran Saifi…
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:73
  6. Infectious disease outbreaks represent potentially catastrophic threats to those affected by humanitarian crises. High transmissibility, crowded living conditions, widespread co-morbidities, and a lack of inte...

    Authors: Catherine R. McGowan, Louisa Baxter, Marc DuBois, Julian Sheather, Ruma Khondaker, Rachael Cummings and Kevin Watkins
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:72
  7. Major knowledge gaps remain concerning the most effective ways to address mental health and psychosocial needs of populations affected by humanitarian crises. The Research for Health in Humanitarian Crisis (R2...

    Authors: Wietse A. Tol, Alastair Ager, Cecile Bizouerne, Richard Bryant, Rabih El Chammay, Robert Colebunders, Claudia García-Moreno, Syed Usman Hamdani, Leah E. James, Stefan C.J. Jansen, Marx R. Leku, Samuel Likindikoki, Catherine Panter-Brick, Michael Pluess, Courtland Robinson, Leontien Ruttenberg…
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:71
  8. Humanitarian non-governmental organizations provide assistance to communities affected by war, disaster and epidemic. A primary focus of healthcare provision by these organizations is saving lives; however, cu...

    Authors: Matthew Hunt, Elysée Nouvet, Ani Chénier, Gautham Krishnaraj, Carrie Bernard, Kevin Bezanson, Sonya de Laat and Lisa Schwartz
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:70
  9. The BRANCH Consortium recently conducted 10 mixed-methods case studies to investigate the provision of health and nutrition interventions for women and children in conflict-affected countries, aiming to better...

    Authors: Michelle F. Gaffey, Anushka Ataullahjan, Jai K. Das, Shafiq Mirzazada, Moctar Tounkara, Abdirisak A. Dalmar and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:69
  10. According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre report on global human displacement, Ethiopia has the highest number of newly displaced people forced to flee their homes. Displaced people have arrived...

    Authors: Getnet Yimer, Wondwossen Gebreyes, Arie Havelaar, Jemal Yousuf, Sarah McKune, Abdulmuen Mohammed and Dónal O’Mathúna
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:68
  11. The objective of the present study was to assess nation-wide, representative prevalence estimates for symptom-defined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within populations of refugee minors from Afghanistan,...

    Authors: Øivind Solberg, Alexander Nissen, Marjan Vaez, Prue Cauley, Anna-Karin Eriksson and Fredrik Saboonchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:67
  12. The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has put an additional strain on Afghanistan’s weak healthcare system. Prior to the pandemic, the government and its allies had already problems in providing high qualit...

    Authors: Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III, Mohammad Yasir Essar, Attaullah Ahmadi, Xu Lin and Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:65
  13. Refugees and internally displaced persons in humanitarian settings are particularly susceptible to the spread of infectious illnesses such as COVID-19 due to overcrowding and inadequate access to clean water, ...

    Authors: Jude Alawa, Nawara Alawa, Adam Coutts, Richard Sullivan, Kaveh Khoshnood and Fouad M. Fouad
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:64
  14. The conflict in Syria has required humanitarian agencies to implement primary-level services for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Jordan, given the high NCD burden amongst Syrian refugees; and to integrate ...

    Authors: Lucy Maconick, Éimhín Ansbro, Sara Ellithy, Kiran Jobanputra, Mohammad Tarawneh and Bayard Roberts
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:63
  15. Globally, one in four children lives in a country affected by armed conflict or disaster often accompanied by exposure to a range of adversities including violent trauma and loss. Children involved with armed ...

    Authors: Theresa S. Betancourt, Katrina Keegan, Jordan Farrar and Robert T. Brennan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:62
  16. Conflict and displacement impact the social fabric of communities through the disruption of social connections and the erosion of trust. Effective humanitarian assistance requires understanding the social capi...

    Authors: Alison Strang, Oonagh O’Brien, Maggie Sandilands and Rebecca Horn
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:61
  17. Almost 900,000 Rohingya refugees currently reside in refugee camps in Southeastern Bangladesh. Prior to fleeing Myanmar, Rohingya experienced years of systematic human rights violations, in addition to other h...

    Authors: Andrew Riley, Yasmin Akther, Mohammed Noor, Rahmat Ali and Courtney Welton-Mitchell
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:60
  18. Conflicts pose new challenges for health systems, requiring rapid and practical approaches to meet emerging needs on the ground. Lebanon has been highly influenced by surrounding conflicts in the Middle East a...

    Authors: Nassim El Achi, Gladys Honein-Abouhaidar, Anthony Rizk, Elsa Kobeissi, Andreas Papamichail, Kristen Meagher, Abdulkarim Ekzayez, Ghassan S. Abu-Sittah and Preeti Patel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:59
  19. Food insecurity and the mental and physical health of internally displaced persons (IDPs) is a public health concern. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of social support, physical and menta...

    Authors: Catherine Gichunge, Daniel Mutiso and Jenny Brynjarsdottir
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:58
  20. Accurately identifying the magnitude of gender-based violence (GBV) in humanitarian settings is hindered by logistical and methodological complexities. The ‘Neighborhood Method’, an adapted household survey th...

    Authors: Lindsay Stark, Les Roberts, Gary Yu, Timothy M. Tan, Aishwarya Nagar and Alastair Ager
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:57
  21. Rural Afghan populations have low skilled birth attendance rates and high maternal and infant mortality. Insecurity and armed conflict, geographic barriers, and cultural norms often hinder women’s access to fa...

    Authors: Leila C. Dal Santo, Sayed Haroon Rastagar, Shafiqullah Hemat, Sayed Omar Alami, Subarna Pradhan, Jenae Tharaldson, Lisa S. Dulli and Catherine S. Todd
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:56
  22. The ongoing war in Yemen continues to pose challenges for healthcare coverage in the country especially with regards to critical gaps in information systems needed for planning and delivering health services. ...

    Authors: Mark P. Suprenant, Anuraag Gopaluni, Meredith K. Dyson, Najwa Al-Dheeb, Fouzia Shafique and Muhammad H. Zaman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:55
  23. COVID-19 prevention strategies in resource limited settings, modelled on the earlier response in high income countries, have thus far focused on draconian containment strategies, which impose movement restrict...

    Authors: Maysoon Dahab, Kevin van Zandvoort, Stefan Flasche, Abdihamid Warsame, Ruwan Ratnayake, Caroline Favas, Paul B. Spiegel, Ronald J. Waldman and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:54
  24. The protracted conflict in Yemen has taken a massive toll on the health system, negatively impacting the health of children, especially the most vulnerable age group; the newborns.

    Authors: Paul Eze, Fatoum Al-Maktari, Ahmed Hamood Alshehari and Lucky Osaheni Lawani
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:53
  25. During humanitarian crises, women and children are particularly vulnerable to morbidity and mortality. To address this problem, integrated child health interventions that include support for the well-being of ...

    Authors: M. E. Lasater, G. M. Woldeyes, K. Le Roch, X. Phan, A. Solomon-Osborne and S. M. Murray
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:52
  26. Cholera remains a leading cause of infectious disease outbreaks globally, and a major public health threat in complex emergencies. Hygiene kits distributed to cholera case-households have previously shown an e...

    Authors: Lauren D’Mello-Guyett, Katie Greenland, Sharla Bonneville, Rob D’hondt, Maria Mashako, Alexandre Gorski, Dorien Verheyen, Rafael Van den Bergh, Peter Maes, Francesco Checchi and Oliver Cumming
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:51
  27. Unintended and unwanted pregnancies likely increase during displacement, making the need for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, especially safe abortion, even greater. Attention is growing around b...

    Authors: Tamara Fetters, Sayed Rubayet, Sharmin Sultana, Shamila Nahar, Shadie Tofigh, Lea Jones, Ghazaleh Samandari and Bill Powell
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:50
  28. The United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) estimates the number of forcibly displaced people increased from 22.7 million people in 1996 to 67.7 million people in 2016. Human mobility is associated with the intr...

    Authors: Angel N. Desai, John W. Ramatowski, Nina Marano, Lawrence C. Madoff and Britta Lassmann
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:49
  29. The stressful experiences that many asylum seekers and refugees (AS&R) are exposed to during forced migration, and during resettlement in host countries, can have a profound impact on their mental health. Comp...

    Authors: Catharina F. van der Boor, Rebekah Amos, Sarah Nevitt, Christopher Dowrick and Ross G. White
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:48
  30. Each year, an estimated 17 million children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 33 million from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM), with many of the most severe cases found in extremely food insecur...

    Authors: Naoko Kozuki, Mamoudou Seni, Amin Sirat, Omar Abdullahi, Mena Fundi Eso Adalbert, Marie Biotteau, Amelia Goldsmith and Sarah L. Dalglish
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:47
  31. Despite the widely recognised importance of cultural adaptation to increase the effectiveness of psychological interventions, there is little guidance on its process. Developed based on existing theory, we applie...

    Authors: Camila Perera, Alicia Salamanca-Sanabria, Joyce Caballero-Bernal, Lya Feldman, Maj Hansen, Martha Bird, Pernille Hansen, Cecilie Dinesen, Nana Wiedemann and Frédérique Vallières
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:46
  32. Advancing mental health among refugee and displaced adolescents and youth is critically important, as chronic psychological stress can have lifelong harmful impacts. These groups experience socio-environmental...

    Authors: Carmen H. Logie, Moses Okumu, Simon Mwima, Robert Hakiza, Doreen Chemutai and Peter Kyambadde
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:45
  33. There is a large body of research indicating increased prevalence rates of mental disorders among refugees. However, the vast majority of the evidence available on risk factors for mental disorders among refug...

    Authors: Yuriy Nesterko, David Jäckle, Michael Friedrich, Laura Holzapfel and Heide Glaesmer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:44
  34. Post-sexual violence service utilization is often poor in humanitarian settings. Little is known about the service uptake barriers facing male survivors specifically.

    Authors: Sarah K. Chynoweth, Dale Buscher, Sarah Martin and Anthony B. Zwi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:43
  35. Without healthcare workers (HCWs), health and humanitarian provision in Syria cannot be sustained either now or in the post-conflict phase. The protracted conflict has led to the exodus of more than 70% of the...

    Authors: Yamama Bdaiwi, Diana Rayes, Ammar Sabouni, Lina Murad, Fouad Fouad, Waseem Zakaria, Mahmoud Hariri, Abdelkarim Ekzayez, Ahmad Tarakji and Aula Abbara
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:42
  36. Evidence of ‘what works’ in humanitarian programming is important for addressing the disruptive consequences of conflict and forced displacement. However, collecting robust scientific evidence, and ensuring co...

    Authors: Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman, Alastair Ager, Kristin Hadfield and Rana Dajani
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:40
  37. Public health investigations, including research, in refugee populations are necessary to inform evidence-based interventions and care. The unique challenges refugees face (displacement, limited political prot...

    Authors: Emma E. Seagle, Amanda J. Dam, Priti P. Shah, Jessica L. Webster, Drue H. Barrett, Leonard W. Ortmann, Nicole J. Cohen and Nina N. Marano
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:39
  38. Since decades, the health system of Afghanistan has been in disarray due to ongoing conflict. We aimed to explore the direct effects of conflict on provision of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adole...

    Authors: Shafiq Mirzazada, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Malika Fatima, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Jai K. Das and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:38
  39. Women and children suffer disproportionately in armed-conflicts. Since 2011, the protracted Syrian crisis has fragmented the pre-existing healthcare system. Despite the massive health needs of women and childr...

    Authors: Chaza Akik, Aline Semaan, Linda Shaker-Berbari, Zeina Jamaluddine, Ghada E. Saad, Katherine Lopes, Joanne Constantin, Abdulkarim Ekzayez, Neha S. Singh, Karl Blanchet, Jocelyn DeJong and Hala Ghattas
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:37
  40. Mali is currently in the midst of ongoing conflicts which involve jihadist groups, rebels, and the state. This conflict has primarily centered in the North of the country. Humanitarian actors delivering servic...

    Authors: Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Moctar Tounkara, Samba Diarra, Seydou Doumbia, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Diego G. Bassani
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:36
  41. Somalia has been ravaged by more than two decades of armed conflict causing immense damage to the country’s infrastructure and mass displacement and suffering among its people. An influx of humanitarian actors...

    Authors: Zahra Ahmed, Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Mohamed Osman, Chantal Umutoni, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Abdirisak A. Dalmar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:35
  42. Decades of war left the Republic of South Sudan with a fragile health system that has remained deprived of resources since the country’s independence. We describe the coverage of interventions for women’s and ...

    Authors: Samira Sami, Augustino Mayai, Grace Sheehy, Nicole Lightman, Ties Boerma, Hannah Wild, Hannah Tappis, Wilfred Ochan, James Wanyama and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:34
  43. In conflict-afflicted areas, pregnant women and newborns often have higher rates of adverse health outcomes.

    Authors: Sara Milena Ramos Jaraba, Natalia Quiceno Toro, María Ochoa Sierra, Laura Ruiz Sánchez, Marlly Andrea García Jiménez, Mary Y. Salazar-Barrientos, Edison Bedoya Bedoya, Gladis Adriana Vélez Álvarez, Ana Langer, Jewel Gausman and Isabel C. Garcés-Palacio
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:33
  44. In conflict affected countries, healthcare delivery remains a huge concern. Pakistan is one country engulfed with conflict spanning various areas and time spans. We aimed to explore the effect of conflict on p...

    Authors: Jai K. Das, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Malika Fatima, Ghulam Akbar, Wardah Ahmed and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:32
  45. Insecurity has characterized the Eastern regions of the Democratic Republic of Congo for decades. Providing health services to sustain women’s and children’s health during protracted conflict is challenging. T...

    Authors: Chiara Altare, Espoir Bwenge Malembaka, Maphie Tosha, Christopher Hook, Hamady Ba, Stéphane Muzindusi Bikoro, Thea Scognamiglio, Hannah Tappis, Jerome Pfaffmann, Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka, Ties Boerma and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:31
  46. Armed conflict, food insecurity, epidemic cholera, economic decline and deterioration of essential public services present overwhelming challenges to population health and well-being in Yemen. Although the maj...

    Authors: Hannah Tappis, Sarah Elaraby, Shatha Elnakib, Nagiba A. Abdulghani AlShawafi, Huda BaSaleem, Iman Ahmed Saleh Al-Gawfi, Fouad Othman, Fouzia Shafique, Eman Al-Kubati, Nuzhat Rafique and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:30
  47. Globally, the number of people affected by conflict is the highest in history, and continues to steadily increase. There is currently a pressing need to better understand how to deliver critical health interve...

    Authors: Anushka Ataullahjan, Michelle F. Gaffey, Samira Sami, Neha S. Singh, Hannah Tappis, Robert E. Black, Karl Blanchet, Ties Boerma, Ana Langer, Paul B. Spiegel, Ronald J. Waldman, Paul H. Wise and Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:29
  48. Previous research suggests that child marriage may be accelerated during times of crisis and insecurity as resources are scarce and child marriage may be a survival strategy for girls and their families. In 20...

    Authors: Andrea J. Melnikas, Sigma Ainul, Iqbal Ehsan, Eashita Haque and Sajeda Amin
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2020 14:28

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