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  1. In 2008, Somalia introduced an electronic based Early Warning Alert and Response Network (EWARN) for real time detection and response to alerts of epidemic prone diseases in a country experiencing a complex hu...

    Authors: Mutaawe Lubogo, Mary Joan Karanja, Rennatus Mdodo, Sherein Elnossery, Ali Abdirahman Osman, Abdulkadir Abdi, Evans Buliva, Muhammad Tayyab, Omar Abdulle Omar, Mirza Mashrur Ahmed, Solomon Chane Abera, Abdinasir Abubakar and Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:18
  2. Forcibly displaced people are at elevated risk of experiencing circumstances that can adversely impact on mental health. Culturally and contextually relevant tools to assess their mental health and psychosocia...

    Authors: Rosco Kasujja, Paul Bangirana, Anna Chiumento, Tasdik Hasan, Stefan Jansen, Daniel M. Kagabo, Maria Popa, Peter Ventevogel and Ross G. White
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:17
  3. One in three women in northern Uganda report having suffered from conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV), including forced marriage and rape. Research on the long-term effects of CRSV on the health and social...

    Authors: Mahlet A. Woldetsadik, Grace Acan and Okwir Isaac Odiya
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:16
  4. Civil wars in the Great Lakes region resulted in massive displacement of people to neighboring countries including Uganda. With associated disease epidemics related to this conflict, a disease surveillance sys...

    Authors: Alex Riolexus Ario, Emily Atuheire Barigye, Innocent Harbert Nkonwa, Jimmy Ogwal, Denis Nixon Opio, Lilian Bulage, Daniel Kadobera, Paul Edward Okello, Leocadia Warren Kwagonza, Susan Kizito, Benon Kwesiga and Julius Kasozi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:15
  5. Much applied research on the consequences of conflicts for health suffers from data limitations, particularly the absence of longitudinal data spanning pre-, during- and post-conflict periods for affected indi...

    Authors: Rodrigo Moreno-Serra, Misael Anaya-Montes, Sebastián León-Giraldo and Oscar Bernal
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:14
  6. In a geopolitically at-risk environment, such as Palestine, gender-based violence (GBV) is still a crucial problem rooted in discriminatory laws and traditional habits exacerbated by the ongoing Israeli milita...

    Authors: Fayez Mahamid, Guido Veronese and Dana Bdier
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:13
  7. Cholera epidemics occur frequently in low-income countries affected by concurrent humanitarian crises. Evaluations of these epidemic response remains largely unpublished and there is a need to generate evidenc...

    Authors: Lauren D’Mello-Guyett, Oliver Cumming, Elliot Rogers, Rob D’hondt, Estifanos Mengitsu, Maria Mashako, Rafael Van den Bergh, Placide Okitayemba Welo, Peter Maes and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:12
  8. Risks of gender-based violence (GBV) are exacerbated in humanitarian crises. GBV risk mitigation interventions aim to reduce exposure to GBV and ensure that humanitarian response actions and services themselve...

    Authors: Vandana Sharma, Emily Ausubel, Christine Heckman, Sonia Rastogi and Jocelyn T. D. Kelly
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:11
  9. Mental disorders among refugees have been well explored in several studies. However, longitudinal studies on the impact of the pandemic on refugee populations are widely lacking. This study was designed to exa...

    Authors: Somen Palit, Huifang Yang, Jiangping Li, Md. Abdullah Saeed Khan and Mohammad Jahid Hasan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:10
  10. Documenting perpetrators of human rights violations enables effective prosecution and can help prevent future atrocities. Doing so calls for collecting reliable data using verifiable and transparent methodolog...

    Authors: Jennifer Leigh, Alexander Blum, Agnes Petty, Andrea Woods, Parveen Parmar and Chris Beyrer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:9
  11. Armed conflict and the HIV pandemic are significant global health issues. Evidence of the association between armed conflict and HIV infection has been conflicting. Our objective was to examine the role of med...

    Authors: Jennifer J. Mootz, Omolola A. Odejimi, Aishwarya Bhattacharya, Bianca Kann, Julia Ettelbrick, Milena Mello, Milton L. Wainberg and Kaveh Khoshnood
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:8
  12. Fragile and shock-prone settings (FASP) present a critical development challenge, eroding efforts to build healthy, sustainable and equitable societies. Power relations and inequities experienced by people bec...

    Authors: Wesam Mansour, Abriti Arjyal, Chad Hughes, Emma Tiange Gbaoh, Fouad Mohamed Fouad, Haja Wurie, Hnin Kalayar Kyaw, Julie Tartaggia, Kate Hawkins, Kyu Kyu Than, Lansana Hassim Kallon, Maya Abou Saad, Obindra Chand, Phone Myint Win, Rouham Yamout, Shophika Regmi…
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:7
  13. ‘Tele-Mental Health (MH) services,’ are an increasingly important way to expand care to underserved groups in low-resource settings. In order to continue providing psychiatric, psychotherapeutic and counsellin...

    Authors: Khasan Ibragimov, Miguel Palma, Gregory Keane, Janet Ousley, Madeleine Crowe, Cristina Carreño, German Casas, Clair Mills and Augusto Llosa
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:6
  14. Studies from many contexts indicate that proximity to conflict is associated with increased likelihood of intimate partner violence (IPV), and girl child marriage is associated with both proximity to conflict ...

    Authors: Ruvani W. Fonseka, Lotus McDougal, Anita Raj, Elizabeth Reed, Rebecka Lundgren, Lianne Urada and Jay G. Silverman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:5
  15. The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated rapid development of preparedness and response plans to quell transmission and prevent illness across the world. Increasingly, there is an appreciation of the need to con...

    Authors: Yara M. Asi, Priliantina Bebasari, Emily Hardy, Michelle Lokot, Kristen Meagher, Emilomo Ogbe, Ateeb Ahmad Parray, Vandana Sharma, Claire J. Standley and Luissa Vahedi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:4
  16. With more than 3.6 million Syrian refugees Turkey hosts the world's largest number of Syrians. Considering the morbidity, mortality, and healthcare spending, cancer is one of the leading health and economic bu...

    Authors: Tezer Kutluk, Mehmet Koç, İrem Öner, İbrahim Babalıoğlu, Meral Kirazlı, Sinem Aydın, Fahad Ahmed, Yavuz Köksal, Hüseyin Tokgöz, Mustafa Duran and Richard Sullivan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:3
  17. The Syrian conflict has endured for a decade, causing one of the most significant humanitarian crises since World War II. The conflict has inflicted massive damage to civil infrastructure, and not even the hea...

    Authors: Agneta Kallström, Orwa Al-Abdulla, Jan Parkki, Mikko Häkkinen, Hannu Juusola and Jussi Kauhanen
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2022 16:1
  18. Valid measures of sexual violence stigma that can be readily incorporated into program monitoring and evaluation systems are needed to strengthen gender-based violence (GBV) services in humanitarian emergencie...

    Authors: Sarah M. Murray, Molly E. Lasater, Marie-France Guimond, Ohemaa Poku, Rashelle Musci, Manal Al-Fataftah, Lilian Kasina, Mercy Lwambi, Asma Salaimeh and Kathryn Falb
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:96
  19. The Syrian conflict has dramatically changed the public health landscape of Syria since its onset in March of 2011. Depleted resources, fractured health systems, and increased security risks have disrupted man...

    Authors: Sammy Mehtar, Naser AlMhawish, Kasim Shobak, Art Reingold, Debarati Guha-Sapir and Rohini J. Haar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:95
  20. Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are the most frequent adverse outcome in healthcare delivery worldwide. In conflict-affected settings HAIs, in particular surgical site infections, are prevalent. Effect...

    Authors: Hattie Lowe, Susannah Woodd, Isabelle L. Lange, Sanja Janjanin, Julie Barnet and Wendy Graham
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:94

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2022 16:2

  21. The use and implementation of novel tools for malaria control such as long lasting impregnated bednets (LLINs) and Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) over the last decade has contributed to a substantial reduction...

    Authors: Christophe Boëte, Sakib Burza, Estrella Lasry, Silvia Moriana and William Robertson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:93
  22. The volume of health-related publications on Syria has increased considerably over the course of the conflict compared with the pre-war period. This increase is largely attributed to commentaries, news reports...

    Authors: Marian Abouzeid, Manal K. Elzalabany, Iman Nuwayhid and Samer Jabbour
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:92
  23. Armed conflicts are known to have detrimental impact on availability and accessibility of health services. However, little is known on potential impact on utilisation of these services and health seeking behav...

    Authors: Abdulkarim Ekzayez, Yasser Alhaj Ahmad, Hasan Alhaleb and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:91
  24. The guidelines for differentiated service delivery (DSD) for HIV treatment became operational in Cameroon in 2017 with the Test and Treat national strategy elaborating services that can be decentralized and ta...

    Authors: Lundi-Anne Omam, Elizabeth Jarman, Wilfred Ekokobe, Agbor Evon and Esther Njomo Omam
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:90
  25. COVID-19 has spread across the African continent, including Niger. Yet very little is known about the phenotype of people who tested positive for COVID-19. In this humanitarian crises region, we aimed at chara...

    Authors: Patrick D. M. C. Katoto, Issoufou Aboubacar, Batouré Oumarou, Eric Adehossi, Blanche-Philomene Melanga Anya, Aida Mounkaila, Adamou Moustapha, El khalef Ishagh, Gbaguidi Aichatou Diawara, Biey Joseph Nsiari-Muzeyi, Tambwe Didier and Charles Shey Wiysonge
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:89
  26. For almost a decade now, Mali has been facing a security crisis that led to the displacement of thousands of people within the country. Since March 2020, a health crisis linked to the COVID-19 pandemic also su...

    Authors: Mohamed Ali Ag Ahmed, Birama Apho Ly, Niélé Hawa Diarra, Fatoumata Bintou Traore, Djeneba Diarra, Inna Fatoumata Kande, Mahamadou Dembele, Seydou Doumbia and Hassane Alami
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:88
  27. Social capital is an important social determinant of women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. Little research has been conducted to understand the role of social capital in women’s sexual and reprodu...

    Authors: Hannah Ireland, Nguyen Toan Tran and Angela Dawson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:87
  28. Sexual violence and intimate partner violence are exacerbated by armed conflict and other humanitarian crises. This narrative systematic review of evidence for interventions to reduce risk and incidence of sex...

    Authors: Jo Spangaro, Chye Toole-Anstey, Catherine L. MacPhail, Delia C. Rambaldini-Gooding, Lynne Keevers and Claudia Garcia-Moreno
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:86
  29. While current estimates suggest that up to three million additional surgical procedures are needed to meet the needs of forcibly displaced populations, literature on surgical care for refugee or forced migrant...

    Authors: Zachary Obinna Enumah, Sarah Rapaport, Hilary Ngude, Gayane Yenokyan, Amber Lekey, Peter J. Winch and Kent A. Stevens
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:85
  30. The impacts of infectious disease outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics are not gender neutral. Instead, infectious diseases and gender-based violence (GBV) mutually reinforce each other. Women and girls in huma...

    Authors: Melissa Meinhart, Luissa Vahedi, Simone E. Carter, Catherine Poulton, Philomene Mwanze Palaku and Lindsay Stark
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:84
  31. For humanitarian organisations to respond effectively to complex crises, they require access to up-to-date evidence-based guidance. The COVID-19 crisis has highlighted the importance of updating global guidanc...

    Authors: Alex Odlum, Rosemary James, Audrey Mahieu, Karl Blanchet, Chiara Altare, Neha Singh and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:83
  32. Community health workers (CHWs) are crucial for increasing access to health services to communities. Due to decades of conflict and under-funding, access to health care in South Sudan remains severely limited....

    Authors: George William Lutwama, Maryse Kok and Eelco Jacobs
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:82
  33. The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) has been marred by widespread allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) of women and girls by UN pea...

    Authors: Georgia Fraulin, Sabine Lee, Sandrine Lusamba and Susan A. Bartels
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:80

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:81

  34. The negative impact of COVID-19 on population health outcomes raises critical questions on health system preparedness and resilience, especially in resource-limited settings. This study examined healthworker p...

    Authors: Gloria Seruwagi, Catherine Nakidde, Felix Otieno, Joshua Kayiwa, Brian Luswata, Eric Lugada, Eric Awich Ochen, Denis Muhangi, Betty Okot, Dunstan Ddamulira, Andrew Masaba and Stephen Lawoko
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:79
  35. Globally, the number of forcibly displaced individuals has reached 70.8 million. Lebanon, a middle income country, hosts the highest number of refugees per capita worldwide. The majority of refugees are Syrian...

    Authors: Shadi Saleh, Lina Abdouni, Hani Dimassi, Dana Nabulsi, Ranime Harb, Zeinab Jammoul, Noha Hachach and Nour El Arnaout
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:77
  36. Armed conflict has significant impacts on individuals and families living in conflict-affected settings globally. Scholars working to prevent violence within families have hypothesised that experiencing armed ...

    Authors: Delan Devakumar, Alexis Palfreyman, Amaran Uthayakumar-Cumarasamy, Nazifa Ullah, Chavini Ranasinghe, Nicole Minckas, Abhijit Nadkarni, Sian Oram, David Osrin and Jenevieve Mannell
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:74
  37. There is an urgent need for evidence-based, scalable, psychological interventions to improve the mental health of adolescents affected by adversity in low-resource settings. Early Adolescents Skills for Emotio...

    Authors: Aneeha Singh, Ashley Nemiro, Aiysha Malik, Marie-France Guimond, Estella Nduwimana, Samuel Likindikoki, Jeannie Annan and Wietse A. Tol
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:73
  38. Populations affected by humanitarian emergencies are vulnerable to substance (alcohol and other drug) use disorders, yet treatment and prevention services are scarce. Delivering substance use disorder treatmen...

    Authors: M. Claire Greene, Stephanie Haddad, Anja Busse, Nadine Ezard, Peter Ventevogel, Lina Demis, Sachi Inoue, Jan-Christopher Gumm, Giovanna Campello, Wietse A. Tol and Jeremy C. Kane
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:71
  39. The political and military advance of the Taliban, reduced healthcare capacity, and imminent humanitarian crisis risk exacerbating an already very serious threat posed by COVID-19 in Afghanistan. The continued...

    Authors: Mohammad Yasir Essar, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Zarmina Islam, Mehr Muhammad Adeel Riaz, Abdullahi Tunde Aborode and Shoaib Ahmad
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:70
  40. The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world’s poorest and most fragile countries. Maybe there is no nation on the planet where the official health statistics are so poor. Evidence presented in this ...

    Authors: Anna Kuehne and Leslie Roberts
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:68
  41. The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most unstable in the world. In 2014, over 2.5 million civilians were displaced in Iraq; between 2015 and 2017 more than 3 million people continued...

    Authors: Muhammad Fawad Khan, Daniel Jeannetot, Kamal Sunil Olleri, Mirjam Bakker, Altaf Sadrudin Musani, Adham Rashad Ismail Abdel Moneim, Wael Hatahit and Prisca Zwanikken
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:67
  42. This Letter to the Editor aims to reflect on the current challenges to increase the coverage of COVID-19 vaccination in the fragile and conflict-affected setting of Lebanon, which is currently experiencing one...

    Authors: Ludmila Lobkowicz, Julien Lahoud and Ibrahim Bou-Orm
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:66
  43. Turkey hosts the world’s largest refugee population of whom 3.5 million are Syrians and this population has been continuously growing since the year 2011. This situation causes various problems, mainly while r...

    Authors: Şevkat Bahar Özvarış, Bahar Güçiz Doğan, Hande Konşuk Ünlü, Gamze Aktuna, Tacettin İnandı, A. Öner Kurt, Neriman Aydın and M. Tezer Kutluk
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:65

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