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  1. Widespread violence followed the 2007 presidential elections in Kenya resulting in the deaths of a reported 1,133 people and the displacement of approximately 660,000 others. At the time of the crisis the Unit...

    Authors: Suzanne Goodrich, Samson Ndege, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Hosea Some, Juddy Wachira, Paula Braitstein, John E Sidle, Jackline Sitienei, Regina Owino, Cleophas Chesoli, Catherine Gichunge, Fanice Komen, Claris Ojwang, Edwin Sang, Abraham Siika and Kara Wools-Kaloustian
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:25
  2. Communities in South Sudan have endured decades of conflict. Protracted conflict exacerbated reproductive health disparities and gender inequities. This study, conducted prior to the country’s 2011 independenc...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Sarah Averbach, Anna Merport Modest, Michele Hacker, Sarah Cornish, Danielle Spencer, Maureen Murphy and Parveen Parmar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:24
  3. Mental health problems, particularly anxiety and mood disorders, are prevalent in the setting of humanitarian emergencies, both natural and man-made disasters. Evidence regarding best strategies for therapeuti...

    Authors: Matthew E Coldiron, Augusto E Llosa, Thomas Roederer, German Casas and Marie-Rose Moro
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:23
  4. The long lasting resilience of individuals and communities affected by mass violence has not been given equal prominence as their suffering. This has often led to psychosocial interventions in post-conflict zo...

    Authors: Eliana B Suarez
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:21
  5. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) provides individual counselling interventions in medical humanitarian programmes in contexts affected by conflict and violence. Although mental health and psychosocial interventi...

    Authors: Leslie Shanks, Cono Ariti, M Ruby Siddiqui, Giovanni Pintaldi, Sarah Venis, Kaz de Jong and Marise Denault
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:19
  6. Around 3% of the world’s population (n = 214 million people) has crossed international borders for various reasons. Since March 2011, Syria has been going through state of political crisis and instability resu...

    Authors: Ziad El-Khatib, David Scales, Jo Vearey and Birger C Forsberg
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:18
  7. Thousands of former child soldiers who were abducted during the prolonged conflict in northern Uganda have returned to their home communities. Programmes that facilitate their successful reintegration continue...

    Authors: Sheetal Patel, Martin T Schechter, Nelson K Sewankambo, Stella Atim, Charles Oboya, Noah Kiwanuka and Patricia M Spittal
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:17
  8. Sexual and other forms of gender-based violence are common in conflict settings and are known risk factors for mental health and psychosocial wellbeing. We present findings from a systematic review of the acad...

    Authors: Wietse A Tol, Vivi Stavrou, M Claire Greene, Christina Mergenthaler, Mark van Ommeren and Claudia García Moreno
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:16
  9. In conflict and disaster settings, medical personnel are exposed to psychological stressors that threaten their wellbeing and increase their risk of developing burnout, depression, anxiety, and PTSD. As lay me...

    Authors: Andrew George Lim, Lawrence Stock, Eh Kalu Shwe Oo and Douglas P Jutte
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:15
  10. Sexual assault is a threat to public health in refugee and conflict affected settings, placing survivors at risk for unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, STIs, HIV, psychological trauma, and social stigma. I...

    Authors: Janel R Smith, Lara S Ho, Anne Langston, Neha Mankani, Anjuli Shivshanker and Dhammika Perera
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:14
  11. High levels of gender-based violence (GBV) persist among conflict-affected populations and within humanitarian settings and are paralleled by under-reporting and low service utilization. Novel and evidence-bas...

    Authors: Andrea L Wirtz, Nancy Glass, Kiemanh Pham, Amsale Aberra, Leonard S Rubenstein, Sonal Singh and Alexander Vu
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:13
  12. Given the challenges to ensuring facility-based care in conflict settings, the Women’s Refugee Commission and partners have been pursuing a community-based approach to providing medical care to survivors of se...

    Authors: Mihoko Tanabe, Keely Robinson, Catherine I Lee, Jen A Leigh, Eh May Htoo, Naw Integer and Sandra K Krause
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:12
  13. Civil wars are characterized by intense forms of violence, such as torture, maiming and rape. Political scientists suggest that this form of political violence is fostered through the provision of particular i...

    Authors: Roos Haer, Lilli Banholzer, Thomas Elbert and Roland Weierstall
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:11
  14. The proliferation of nuclear technology in the politically volatile Middle East greatly increases the likelihood of a catastrophic nuclear war. It is widely accepted, while not openly declared, that Israel has...

    Authors: Cham E Dallas, William C Bell, David J Stewart, Antonio Caruso and Frederick M Burkle Jr
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:10
  15. Former combatants have frequently reported that aggressive behaviour can be appetitive and appealing. This appetitive aggression (AA) may be adaptive for survival in a violent environment, as it is associated ...

    Authors: Roland Weierstall, Claudia Patricia Bueno Castellanos, Frank Neuner and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:9
  16. A low-intensity armed conflict has been occurring for nearly a decade in southernmost region of Thailand. However, its impact on child health has not yet been investigated. This study aimed to estimate the pre...

    Authors: Rohani Jeharsae, Rassamee Sangthong, Wit Wichaidit and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:8
  17. Due to the armed conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s many families escaped to other countries. The main goal of this study was to explore in more detail the complexity of various family members’ experiences ...

    Authors: Gunilla Jarkman Björn, Per A Gustafsson, Gunilla Sydsjö and Carina Berterö
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:7
  18. The 1994 genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda left about one million people dead in a period of only three months. The present study aimed to examine the level of trauma exposure, psychopathology, and risk factors ...

    Authors: Heide Rieder and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:6
  19. Nepal is one of the post-conflict countries affected by violence from explosive devices. We undertook this study to assess the magnitude of injuries due to intentional explosions in Nepal during 2008-2011 and ...

    Authors: Oleg O Bilukha, Kristin Becknell, Hugues Laurenge, Luhar Danee and Krishna P Subedi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:5
  20. Following decades of conflict, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in 2011. Prolonged conflict, which included gender-based violence (GBV), exacerbated gender disparities. This study aimed to assess att...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Sarah Averbach, Anna Merport Modest, Michele R Hacker, Sarah Cornish, Danielle Spencer, Maureen Murphy and Parveen Parmar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:4
  21. Concepts of ‘what constitutes mental illness’, the presumed aetiology and preferred treatment options, vary considerably from one cultural context to another. Knowledge and understanding of these local concept...

    Authors: Peter Ventevogel, Mark Jordans, Ria Reis and Joop de Jong
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:3
  22. Recent initiatives by international health and humanitarian aid organizations have focused increased attention on making HIV testing services more widely available to vulnerable populations. To realize potenti...

    Authors: Kelli N O’Laughlin, Shada A Rouhani, Zikama M Faustin and Norma C Ware
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:2
  23. Following a rapid influx of over 200,000 displaced Somalis into the Dadaab refugee camp complex in Kenya, Médecins Sans Frontières conducted a mortality and nutrition survey of the population living in Bulo Ba...

    Authors: Jonathan A Polonsky, Axelle Ronsse, Iza Ciglenecki, Monica Rull and Klaudia Porten
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:1
  24. Exposure to violence in general and to armed conflict in particular has been consistently associated with an increased prevalence of mental illness. Colombia has sustained an internal armed conflict for decade...

    Authors: Alicia Londoño, Perla Romero and Germán Casas
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:12
  25. Despite the fact that the Colombian armed conflict has continued for almost five decades there is still very little information on how it affects the mental health of civilians. Although it is well established...

    Authors: Vaughan Bell, Fernanda Méndez, Carmen Martínez, Pedro Pablo Palma and Marc Bosch
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:10
  26. Optimal adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is required to promote viral suppression and to prevent disease progression and mortality. Forcibly displaced and conflict-affected populations...

    Authors: Joshua B Mendelsohn, Marian Schilperoord, Paul Spiegel and David A Ross
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:9
  27. There is growing recognition of the psychological impact of adversity associated with armed conflict on exposed civilian populations. Yet there is a paucity of evidence on the value of mental health programs i...

    Authors: Augusto E Llosa, Germán Casas, Hélène Thomas, Angels Mairal, Rebecca F Grais and Marie-Rose Moro
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:8
  28. Globally, alcohol use contributes to close to 4% of all deaths and is a leading cause of ill health and premature death among men of reproductive age. Problem alcohol use is an unaddressed public health issue ...

    Authors: Nadine Ezard, Supan Thiptharakun, François Nosten, Tim Rhodes and Rose McGready
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:7
  29. Many survivors of gender based violence (GBV) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) report barriers to access health services including, distance, cost, lack of trained providers and fear of stigma. In 200...

    Authors: Anjalee Kohli, Maphie Tosha Makambo, Paul Ramazani, Isaya Zahiga, Biki Mbika, Octave Safari, Richard Bachunguye, Janvier Mirindi and Nancy Glass
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:6
  30. Published literature on surgical care in refugees tends to focus on the acute (‘emergent’) phase of crisis situations. Here we posit that there is a substantial burden of non-acute morbidity amenable to surgic...

    Authors: Chathika K Weerasuriya, Saw Oo Tan, Lykourgos Christos Alexakis, Aung Kaung Set, Marcus J Rijken, Paul Martyn, François Nosten and Rose McGready
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:95

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2016 10:24

  31. The management of chronic debilitating health conditions after trauma remains a challenge in post-conflict settings. The study aimed to expand current understanding of the diagnostic overlap of pain and PTSD a...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Feride Rushiti, Xhevdet Sejdiu, Sebahate Pacolli, Besart Gashi, Florentina Salihu and Jens Modvig
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:4
  32. Neonatal deaths account for over 40% of all deaths in children younger than five years of age and neonatal mortality rates are highest in areas affected by humanitarian emergencies. Of the ten countries with t...

    Authors: Jennifer O Lam, Ribka Amsalu, Kate Kerber, Joy E Lawn, Basia Tomczyk, Nadine Cornier, Alma Adler, Anne Golaz and William J Moss
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:2
  33. Little is known about how positive phenomena can support resettlement of refugees in a new country. The aim of this study was to examine the hopeful thinking in a group of West African quota refugees at arriva...

    Authors: Tanvir M Anjum, Cecilia Nordqvist and Toomas Timpka
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:1
  34. The conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the deadliest since World War II. Over a decade of fighting amongst an array of armed groups has resulted in extensive human rights abuses, par...

    Authors: J T Kelly, T S Betancourt, D Mukwege, R Lipton and M J VanRooyen
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:25
  35. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) refugee camps are located predominantly in rural areas of Africa and Asia in protracted or post-emergency contexts. Recognizing the importance of malaria, ...

    Authors: Christine L Hershey, Shannon Doocy, Jamie Anderson, Christopher Haskew, Paul Spiegel and William J Moss
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:24
  36. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) launched a health information system (HIS) in 2005 to enhance quality and consistency of routine health information available in post-emergency refugee...

    Authors: Shannon Doocy, Hannah Tappis, Christopher Haskew, Caroline Wilkinson and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:23
  37. Much of the literature on the relationship between conflict-related trauma and high risk sexual behaviour (HRSB) often focuses on refugees and not mass in-country displaced people due to armed conflicts. There...

    Authors: Wilson Winstons Muhwezi, Eugene Kinyanda, Margaret Mungherera, Patrick Onyango, Emmanuel Ngabirano, Julius Muron, Johnson Kagugube and Rehema Kajungu
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:22
  38. The health needs of children and adolescents in humanitarian emergencies are critical to the success of relief efforts and reduction in mortality. Measles has been one of the major causes of child deaths in hu...

    Authors: Rebecca F Grais, Peter Strebel, Peter Mala, John Watson, Robin Nandy and Michelle Gayer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:21
  39. Mental health and psychosocial wellbeing are key concerns in displaced populations. Despite urban refugees constituting more than half of the world's refugees, minimal attention has been paid to their psychoso...

    Authors: Fiona C Thomas, Bayard Roberts, Nagendra P Luitel, Nawaraj Upadhaya and Wietse A Tol
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:20
  40. Comparisons between refugees receiving health care in settlement-based facilities and persons living in host communities have found that refugees have better health outcomes. However, data that compares utiliz...

    Authors: William M Weiss, Alexander Vu, Hannah Tappis, Sarah Meyer, Christopher Haskew and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:19
  41. Northern Uganda experienced severe civil conflict for over 20 years and is also a region of high HIV prevalence. This study examined knowledge of, access to, and factors associated with use of family planning ...

    Authors: Barbara Nattabi, Jianghong Li, Sandra C Thompson, Christopher G Orach and Jaya Earnest
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:18
  42. Almost two-thirds of refugees, internally displaced persons, returnees and other persons affected by humanitarian emergencies live in malaria endemic regions. Malaria remains a significant threat to the health...

    Authors: Jamie Anderson, Shannon Doocy, Christopher Haskew, Paul Spiegel and William J Moss
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:17
  43. Recent reports have drawn attention to increases in congenital birth anomalies and cancer in Fallujah Iraq blamed on teratogenic, genetic and genomic stress thought to result from depleted Uranium contaminatio...

    Authors: Samira Alaani, Muhammed Tafash, Christopher Busby, Malak Hamdan and Eleonore Blaurock-Busch
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2011 5:15

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