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  1. This commentary explores the intersection of Global Health Diplomacy (GHD) and humanitarian action within Fragility, Conflict, and Violence (FCV) contexts. It aims at addressing the multifaceted challenges fac...

    Authors: Luca Falqui, Fangfang Li and Yufeng Xue
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:46
  2. Maternal and Perinatal Death Surveillance and Response (MPDSR) systems provide an opportunity for health systems to understand the determinants of maternal and perinatal deaths in order to improve quality of c...

    Authors: Meighan Mary, Hannah Tappis, Elaine Scudder and Andreea A. Creanga
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:45
  3. The Lebanese government estimates the number of Syrian refugees to be 1.5 million, representing 25% of the population. Refugee healthcare services have been integrated into the existing Lebanese health system....

    Authors: Gladys Honein-AbouHaidar, Lama Bou-Karroum, Sarah E. Parkinson, Rima Majed, Sabine Salameh, Najla Daher, Nour Hemadi, Fouad M. Fouad and Fadi El-Jardali
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18(Suppl 1):43

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  4. In November 2023, a variety of disparate health organizations formed an international coalition to consolidate efforts and develop collaborative strategies in response to the increasing critical healthcare cha...

    Authors: Karl Blanchet, Martine Najem, Lina Shadid, Rouba Ali Fehmi, Fawzi Al Hammouri, Ghassan Saed, Khaled J. Saleh, Mosab Nasser, Nidal Moukaddam, Jonathan Polonsky and Omar Lattouf
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:42

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2024 18:44

  5. Challenges in delivering evidence-based programming in humanitarian crises require new strategies to enhance implementation science for better decision-making. A recent scoping review highlights the scarcity o...

    Authors: Kathryn Falb, Sheree Kullenberg, Christina T Yuan and Alexandra Blackwell
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:41
  6. Despite the fact that Sub-Saharan Africa bears a disproportionate burden of armed conflicts and HIV infection, there has been inadequate synthesis of the impact of armed conflict on HIV treatment outcomes. We ...

    Authors: Hafte Kahsay Kebede, Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Amanuel Tesfay Gebremedhin and Paul Ward
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:40
  7. The sustained instability in Afghanistan, along with ongoing disease outbreaks and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, has significantly affected the country.

    Authors: Mohamed Mostafa Tahoun, Mohammad Nadir Sahak, Muzhgan Habibi, Mohamad Jamaluddin Ahadi, Bahara Rasoly, Sabrina Shivji, Ahmed Taha Aboushady, Pierre Nabeth, Mahmoud Sadek and Alaa Abouzeid
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:39
  8. Infectious disease outbreaks like Ebola and Covid-19 are increasing in frequency. They may harm reproductive, maternal and newborn health (RMNH) directly and indirectly. Sierra Leone experienced a sharp deteri...

    Authors: Susannah H. Mayhew, Kirkley Doyle, Lawrence S. Babawo, Esther Mokuwa, Hana Rohan, Melisa Martinez-Alverez, Josephine Borghi and Catherine Pitt
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:38
  9. The COVID-19 pandemic posed considerable risks to populations affected by humanitarian crises in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is limited understanding of how the pandemic may have a...

    Authors: N. Thompson, K. W. Y. Kyaw, L. Singh, J. C. Cikomola, N. S. Singh and Bayard Roberts
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:37
  10. Following the change of government in August 2021, the social and economic landscape of Afghanistan deteriorated into an economic and humanitarian crisis. Afghans continue to struggle to access basic healthcar...

    Authors: Alessandro Lamberti-Castronuovo, Martina Valente, Francesca Bocchini, Monica Trentin, Michela Paschetto, Ghulam Ali Bahdori, Jan Agha Khadem, Mirza Sayed Nadeem, Mohammad Hanif Patmal, Mohammad Tawoos Alizai, Rossella Miccio and Luca Ragazzoni
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:36
  11. Limb salvage by ortho-plastic teams is the standard protocol for treating open tibial fractures in high-income countries, but there’s limited research on this in conflict settings like the Gaza Strip. This stu...

    Authors: Theresa Farhat, Krystel Moussally, Hasan Nahouli, Shahd Abu Hamad, Khulood Abul Qaraya, Zahi Abdul-Sater, Walaa G. El Sheikh, Nadine Jawad, Khouloud Al Sedawi, Mohammed Obaid, Hafez AbuKhoussa, Innocent Nyaruhirira, Hani Tamim, Shehan Hettiaratchy, Anthony M. J. Bull and Ghassan Abu-Sittah
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:35
  12. The Taliban takeover in August 2021 ended a decades-long conflict in Afghanistan. Yet, along with improved security, there have been collateral changes, such as the exacerbation of the economic crisis and brai...

    Authors: Martina Valente, Alessandro Lamberti-Castronuovo, Francesca Bocchini, Yasir Shafiq, Monica Trentin, Michela Paschetto, Ghulam Ali Bahdori, Jan Agha Khadem, Mirza Sayed Nadeem, Mohammand Hanif Patmal, Mohammad Tawoos Alizai, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Rossella Miccio and Luca Ragazzoni
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:34
  13. Despite frequently providing non-military services in times of crisis, little systematic research has examined the perspectives of crisis-affected community members on the role of armed actors responding to hu...

    Authors: Samuel T. Boland, Alexandria Nylen, Madison Bates, Maria Carinnes Alejandria, Rob Grace, Zein Tayyeb and Adam C. Levine
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:33
  14. The number of refugees worldwide is at an all-time high with many being exposed to potentially traumatic events and the loss of loved ones. The 11th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Dis...

    Authors: Franziska Lechner-Meichsner, Hannah Comtesse and Marie Olk
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:32
  15. Despite a long history of political discourse around refugee integration, it wasn’t until 2016 that this issue emerged as a global political priority. Limited research has examined the evolution of policies of...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Caitlin Jackson, Ummekulsoom Lalani, Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Sara Bennett
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18(Suppl 1):31

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  16. The prolonged presence of Syrian refugees in Jordan has highlighted the need for sustainable health service delivery models for refugees. In 2012, the Jordanian government adopted a policy that granted Syrian ...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Laila Akhu-Zaheya, Wejdan Khater, Lama Bou-Karroum, Gladys Honein-AbouHaidar, Sabine Salameh, Yusra Ribhi Shawar and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18(Suppl 1):30

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  17. More than 70% of the health facilities in Tigray, northern Ethiopia, have been totally or partially destroyed by the recent war in the region. Diagnosis and management of tuberculosis were among many health se...

    Authors: Kibrom Gebreselasie Gebrehiwot, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergis, Measho Gebreslasie Gebregziabher, Teklay Gebrecherkos, Wegen Beyene Tesfamariam, Hailay Gebretnsae, Gebregziabher Berihu, Letebrhan Weldemhret, Goyitom Gebremedhn, Tsegay Wellay, Hadish Bekuretsion, Aregay Gebremedhin, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwet and Gebretsadik Berhe
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:29
  18. The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (RCRC) utilizes specialized Emergency Response Units (ERUs) for international disaster response. However, data collection and reporting within ERUs have been time-consum...

    Authors: Felix Holl, Lauren Clarke, Thomas Raffort, Elvire Serres, Laura Archer and Panu Saaristo
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:28
  19. Conflict situations, armed or not, have been associated with emergence and transmission of infectious diseases. This review aims to identify the pathways through which infectious diseases emerge within conflic...

    Authors: Valia Marou, Constantine I. Vardavas, Katerina Aslanoglou, Katerina Nikitara, Zinovia Plyta, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Kirsty Atkins, Orla Condell, Favelle Lamb and Jonathan E. Suk
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:27
  20. Despite the increased recommendations for influenza vaccination, particularly among high-risk groups such as young children, Yemen lacks an influenza vaccination program, and the influenza vaccine is not inclu...

    Authors: Wesam S. Ahmed, Abdulsalam M. Halboup, Arwa Alshargabi, Ahmed Al-mohamadi, Yousf K. Al-Ashbat and Sayida Al-Jamei
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:26
  21. This study explores the impacts of attacks perpetrated in the context of armed conflict, to female health workers in three Colombian territories.

    Authors: María Esperanza Echeverry-López, Alejandra Marín-Uribe, Isabel C. Garcés-Palacio, Yadira Borrero-Ramírez, Dora María Hernández-Holguin, Carlos Iván Pacheco-Sánchez and Rohini J. Haar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:25
  22. Since the Hamas attacks in Israel on 7 October 2023, the Israeli military has launched an assault in the Gaza Strip, which included over 12,000 targets struck and over 25,000 tons of incendiary munitions used ...

    Authors: Yara Asi, David Mills, P. Gregg Greenough, Dennis Kunichoff, Saira Khan, Jamon Van Den Hoek, Corey Scher, Saleem Halabi, Sawsan Abdulrahim, Nadine Bahour, A. Kayum Ahmed, Bram Wispelwey and Weeam Hammoudeh
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:24
  23. War results in widespread destruction of a country’s infrastructure, healthcare facilities, and educational institutions. This study aims to assess the attacks on medical schools amidst the ongoing conflict in...

    Authors: Esra Abdallah Abdalwahed Mahgoub, Amna Khairy, Samar Osman, Musab Babiker Haga, Sarah Hashim Mohammed Osman, Abubker Mohammed Abbu Hassan, Hala Kamal and Ayia Babiker
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:23
  24. Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS), supported by Norwegian Red Cross, has implemented community-based surveillance (CBS) in Somaliland. This methodology aims to reduce the high risk of epidemics by strengtheni...

    Authors: Julia Jung, Tine Mejdell Larsen, Abdifatah Hussein Beledi, Emi Takahashi, Abdirahman Omer Ahmed, Jenny Reid and Ida Anine Kongelf
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:20
  25. Rohingya women suffer from inaccessibility to sexual and reproductive health services in Myanmar. After the forcible displacement of the Rohingya from Myanmar to Bangladesh in 2017, pregnancy termination servi...

    Authors: Atiya Rahman, Joe Strong, Pragna Paramita Mondal, Audrey Maynard, Tasnima Haque, Ann M. Moore and Kaosar Afsana
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:19
  26. Authors: Yasir Shafiq, Elena Rubini, Zoha Zahid Fazal, Muhammad Murtaza Bukhari, Maheen Zakaria, Noor ul Huda Zeeshan, Ameer Muhammad, Luca Ragazzoni, Francesco Barone‑Adesi and Martina Valente
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:18

    The original article was published in Conflict and Health 2024 18:12

  27. The triple political, security, and health crisis in Burkina Faso has impacted the lives of Burkinabè people, resulting in massive internal displacement. These internally displaced persons (IDPs) are very vuln...

    Authors: Kadidiatou Kadio, Antarou Ly, Adidjata Ouédraogo, Mohamed Ali Ag Ahmed, Sanni Yaya and Marie-Pierre Gagnon
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:17
  28. Malnutrition, specifically undernutrition, is a significant global challenge that contributes to nearly half of deaths in children under the age of five. The burden of undernutrition is disproportionately born...

    Authors: Rachel Bridge and Tracy Kuo Lin
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:16
  29. The COVID-19 pandemic and vaccine hesitancy are not the only causes of the increase in measles cases in low- and middle-income countries. Measles epidemics, like the recent one in eastern DRC, are often quickl...

    Authors: Daan Van Brusselen, Ali Heshima Dubois, Lucien Kandundao Bindu, Zakari Moluh, Yvonne Nzomukunda and Laurens Liesenborghs
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:14
  30. This study evaluated an early warning, alert and response system for a crisis-affected population in Doolo zone, Somali Region, Ethiopia, in 2019–2021, with a history of epidemics of outbreak-prone diseases. T...

    Authors: Luke Baertlein, Bashir Ali Dubad, Birhanu Sahelie, Istifanus Chindong Damulak, Mohammed Osman, Beverley Stringer, Agatha Bestman, Anna Kuehne, Elburg van Boetzelaer and Patrick Keating
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:13
  31. Armed conflicts have a severe impact on the health of women and children. Global health emergencies such as pandemics and disease outbreaks further exacerbate the challenges faced by vulnerable populations in ...

    Authors: Yasir Shafiq, Elena Rubini, Zoha Zahid Fazal, Muhammad Murtaza Bukhari, Maheen Zakaria, Noor ul Huda Zeeshan, Ameer Muhammad, Luca Ragazzoni, Francesco Barone-Adesi and Martina Valente
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:12

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2024 18:18

  32. The Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine is characterized by indiscriminate attacks on civilian infrastructure, including hospitals and clinics that have devastated the Ukrainian health system putting trau...

    Authors: Lynn Lieberman Lawry, Jessica Korona-Bailey, Luke Juman, Miranda Janvrin, Valentina Donici, Iurii Kychyn, John Maddox and Tracey Perez Koehlmoos
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:10
  33. Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is prevalent in conflict-affected settings. Yet, there is limited knowledge about the risk factors that influence men’s use of IPVAW in conflict-affected setting...

    Authors: Christine Bourey, Rashelle J. Musci, Judith K. Bass, Nancy Glass, Amani Matabaro and Jocelyn T. D. Kelly
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:9
  34. The United Nations estimate a quarter of the global population currently lives in violent conflict zones. Radiology is an integral part of any healthcare system, providing vital information to aid diagnosis an...

    Authors: Trisha Suji, Richard Sullivan and Gemma Bowsher
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:8
  35. Refugee children are at high risk of mental health problems but face barriers to accessing mental health services, a problem exacerbated by a shortage of mental health professionals. Having trained lay counsel...

    Authors: Fiona S. McEwen, Hania El Khatib, Kristin Hadfield, Karen Pluess, Nicolas Chehade, Tania Bosqui, Stephanie Skavenski, Laura Murray, Roland Weierstall-Pust, Elie Karam and Michael Pluess
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:7
  36. The recent earthquake in Syria has caused widespread devastation, leading to extensive damage and loss of life. Considering the diverse range of disasters and conflicts that have affected Syrian society, healt...

    Authors: Hani Saeed, Sulaf Hamid, Imad Zoukar, Adel Khiami, Lama Al Hawat, Mohammed Khoja, Hossam Khawatmy, Hani Abdalnour and Mayssoon Dashash
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:5
  37. In Colombia, research on health and conflict has focused on mental health, psychosocial care, displacement, morbidity, and mortality. Few scientific studies have assessed health system functioning during armed...

    Authors: Oscar Bernal, Tatiana Garcia-Betancourt, Sebastián León-Giraldo, Lina Marcela Rodríguez and Catalina González-Uribe
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:4
  38. Health systems resilience (HSR) research is a rapidly expanding field, in which key concepts are discussed and theoretical frameworks are emerging with vibrant debate. Fragile and conflict-affected settings (F...

    Authors: Claudia Truppa, Sally Yaacoub, Martina Valente, Giulia Celentano, Luca Ragazzoni and Dell Saulnier
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:2
  39. Gender-based violence (GBV) particularly against women is unfortunately common during armed conflicts. No rigorous and comprehensive empirical work has documented the extent of GBV and its consequences that to...

    Authors: Desalew Salew Tewabe, Muluken Azage, Gizachew Yismaw Wubetu, Sisay Awoke Fenta, Mulugeta Dile Worke, Amanu Mekonen Asres, Wallelign Alemnew Getnet, Genet Gedamu Kassie, Yonatan Menber, Alemtsehay Mekonnen Munea, Taye Zeru, Selamawit Alemayehu Bekele, Sadiya Osman Abdulahi, Tigist Biru Adamne, Hiwot Debebe Belete, Belay Bezabih Beyene…
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2024 18:1
  40. The evidence is mixed as to whether individuals’ coping strategies may mitigate the adverse mental health effects of post-displacement stressors in refugee populations, with some indications that the buffering...

    Authors: Øivind Solberg, Alexander Nissen and Fredrik Saboonchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:60
  41. The Lebanese healthcare system faces multiple challenges including limited capacities, shortage of skilled professionals, and inadequate supplies, in addition to hosting a significant number of refugees. While...

    Authors: Hani Dimassi, Mohamad Alameddine, Nadine Sabra, Nour El Arnaout, Ranime Harb, Randa Hamadeh, Faysal El Kak, Abed Shanaa, Marta Orozco Mossi, Shadi Saleh and Natally AlArab
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:59
  42. Using participatory approaches or methods are often positioned as a strategy to tackle power hierarchies in research. Despite momentum on decolonising aid, humanitarian actors have struggled to describe what ‘...

    Authors: Michelle Lokot, Erin Hartman and Iram Hashmi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:58

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2024 18:3

  43. Although the Geneva Conventions and Rome Statute demand protections for healthcare facilities during war, breaches of these protections are frequently reported. The ongoing war in Ukraine is no exception, with se...

    Authors: Dennis G. Barten, Derrick Tin, Fredrik Granholm, Diana Rusnak, Frits van Osch and Gregory Ciottone
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:57

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