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  1. Between 2013 and 2014, a series of qualitative and quantitative research efforts were undertaken in three conflict affected communities (Syrian refugees in the Bekaa Valley, Lebanon, Somali refugees in Kobe Re...

    Authors: Jennifer Schlecht, Catherine Lee, Brad Kerner, Meghan Greeley and Courtland Robinson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):31

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  2. The very young adolescent (VYA) population age 10–14 years is often neglected in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) research due to the combined sensitivity of the topic and the young age group,...

    Authors: Catherine Lee, Yasmina Aules, Samira Sami, Paw Kree Lar, Jennifer Schlect and Courtland Robinson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):30

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  3. Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011–2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adoles...

    Authors: Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson and Jennifer Schlecht
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):26

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  4. Very young adolescents (VYA) in humanitarian settings are largely neglected in terms of sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study describes the characteristics of VYA aged 10-14 years in two humanitaria...

    Authors: Anna E. Kågesten, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Catherine Lee, Tenaw Bawoke, Shahd Osman and Jennifer Schlecht
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):24

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  5. The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. Wh...

    Authors: Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M. Fouad, Seema Manohar and Courtland Robinson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):23

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  6. Conflict and the subsequent displacement of populations creates unique challenges in the delivery of quality health care to the affected population. Equitable access to quality care demands a multi-pronged str...

    Authors: Devika Nadkarni, Imad Elhajj, Zaher Dawy, Hala Ghattas and Muhammad H. Zaman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:20
  7. There is a significant gap in empirical evidence on the menstrual hygiene management (MHM) challenges faced by adolescent girls and women in emergency contexts, and on appropriate humanitarian response approac...

    Authors: Margaret L. Schmitt, David Clatworthy, Ruwan Ratnayake, Nicole Klaesener-Metzner, Elizabeth Roesch, Erin Wheeler and Marni Sommer
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:19
  8. Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers ...

    Authors: Naser Morina, Simon M. Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A. Bryant, Angela Nickerson and Matthis Schick
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:18
  9. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent the primary cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Specific attention needs to be given in fragile and crisis-affected contexts, where health systems have even m...

    Authors: S. Aebischer Perone, E. Martinez, S. du Mortier, R. Rossi, M. Pahud, V. Urbaniak, F. Chappuis, O. Hagon, F. Jacquérioz Bausch and D. Beran
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:17
  10. A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergenc...

    Authors: Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson and Anna Whelan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:16
  11. It is assumed that knowing what puts young women at risk of poor sexual health outcomes and, in turn, what protects them against these outcomes, will enable greater targeted protection as well as help in desig...

    Authors: Aisha Hutchinson, Philippa Waterhouse, Jane March-McDonald, Sarah Neal and Roger Ingham
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:15
  12. Major challenges and crises in global health will not be solved by health alone; requiring rather a multidisciplinary, evidence-based analytical approach to prevention, preparedness and response. One such pote...

    Authors: Frederick M. Burkle Jr, Tom Potokar, James E. Gosney Jr and Cham Dallas
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:13
  13. The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian respons...

    Authors: Dylan R.J. Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh and Carl Heneghan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:14
  14. With more than 200 million cases a year, malaria is an important global health concern, especially among pregnant women. The forested tribal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Chhattisgarh in India are aff...

    Authors: Gustavo Corrêa, Mrinalini Das, Rama Kovelamudi, Nagendra Jaladi, Charlotte Pignon, Kalyan Vysyaraju, Usha Yedla, Vijya Laxmi, Pavani Vemula, Vijaya Gowthami, Hemant Sharma, Daniel Remartinez, Stobdan Kalon, Kirrily de Polnay, Martin De Smet and Petros Isaakidis
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:10
  15. Refugees and host nationals who accessed antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a remote refugee camp in Kakuma, Kenya (2011–2013) were compared on outcome measures that included viral suppression and adherence to ART.

    Authors: Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Paul Spiegel, Alison Grant, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Marian Schilperoord, Natasha Larke, John Wagacha Burton, Jully A. Okonji, Clement Zeh, Bosco Muhindo, Ibrahim M. Mohammed, Irene N. Mukui, Njogu Patterson, Egbert Sondorp and David A. Ross
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:11
  16. To address family planning for crisis-affected communities, in 2011 and 2012, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Women’s Refugee Commission undertook a multi-country assessment to docume...

    Authors: Mihoko Tanabe, Anna Myers, Prem Bhandari, Nadine Cornier, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy and Sandra Krause
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:9
  17. The Central African Republic has known long periods of instability. In 2014, following the fall of an interim government installed by the Séléka coalition, a series of violent reprisals occurred. These events ...

    Authors: Matthew E. Coldiron, Thomas Roederer, Augusto E. Llosa, Malika Bouhenia, Sassou Madi, Laurent Sury, Michaël Neuman and Klaudia Porten
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:7
  18. The alignment method, a novel psychometric approach, represents a more flexible procedure for establishing measurement invariance in geographically, ethnically, or linguistically diverse samples, especially in...

    Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya and Derrick Silove
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:8
  19. Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, Euro...

    Authors: Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A. Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D. Harries and Rony Zachariah
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:6
  20. The increasing caseload of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in displaced populations poses new challenges for humanitarian agencies and host country governments in the provision of health care, diagnostics and...

    Authors: Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham and Nazar Shabila
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:4
  21. Children’s right to participate in data collection during emergencies has been widely recognized by humanitarian actors. However, participation in such activities can expose children to risk. Tensions have bee...

    Authors: Cyril Bennouna, Hani Mansourian and Lindsay Stark
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:5
  22. Humanitarian assistance standards mandate specific attention to address the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of conflict-affected populations. Despite these internationally recognised standards, acce...

    Authors: Sara E. Casey and Martin Tshipamba
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:2
  23. Little has been written on the challenges of conducting research in regions or countries with chronic conflict and strife. In this paper we share our experiences in conducting a population based study of chron...

    Authors: Rasha Khatib, Rita Giacaman, Umaiyeh Khammash and Salim Yusuf
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 10:33
  24. Some evidence showed that multidisciplinary rehabilitation in Western countries is effective for treating war-related trauma, but it remains unclear whether this approach is applicable to civilians living in r...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Ardiana Bytyçi, Selvi Izeti, Melita Kallaba, Feride Rushiti, Edith Montgomery and Jens Modvig
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 10:34
  25. Few studies look at policy making in the health sector in the aftermath of a conflict or crisis and even fewer specifically focus on Human Resources for Health, which is a critical domain for health sector per...

    Authors: Sophie Witter, Maria Paola Bertone, Yotamu Chirwa, Justine Namakula, Sovannarith So and Haja R. Wurie
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 10:31
  26. In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical condi...

    Authors: Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno and Stefano Di Carlo
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:1
  27. Audio-Computer Assisted Self- Interview (ACASI) is a method of data collection in which participants listen to pre-recorded questions through headphones and respond to questions by selecting their answers on a...

    Authors: Kathryn Falb, Sophie Tanner, Khudejha Asghar, Samir Souidi, Stan Mierzwa, Asham Assazenew, Theresita Bakomere, Pamela Mallinga, Katie Robinette, Woinishet Tibebu and Lindsay Stark
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 10:32
  28. Sexual violence has been prevalent throughout the armed conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Research on sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs) and pregnancy termination in eastern DRC,...

    Authors: Gillian Burkhardt, Jennifer Scott, Monica Adhiambo Onyango, Shada Rouhani, Sadia Haider, Ashley Greiner, Katherine Albutt, Michael VanRooyen and Susan Bartels
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:30
  29. Numerous simultaneous complex humanitarian emergencies strain the ability of local governments and the international community to respond, underscoring the importance of cost-effective use of limited resources...

    Authors: Timothy M Tan, Paul Spiegel, Christopher Haskew and P Gregg Greenough
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:28
  30. Populations affected by humanitarian emergencies may require unique strategies to ensure access to life-saving vaccines and attain sufficiently high population immunity to interrupt virus circulation. Vaccinat...

    Authors: Eugene Lam, Michael Diaz, Allen Gidraf Kahindo Maina and Muireann Brennan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:27
  31. Ongoing armed conflict in Syria has caused large scale displacement. Approximately half of the population of Syria have been displaced including the millions living as refugees in neighboring countries. We sou...

    Authors: S. M. Moazzem Hossain, Eva Leidman, James Kingori, Abdullah Al Harun and Oleg O. Bilukha
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:26
  32. Afghanistan lacks suitable specialized mental healthcare services despite high prevalence of severe mental health disorders which are aggravated by the conflict and numerous daily stressors. Recent studies hav...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Trani, Ellis Ballard, Parul Bakhshi and Peter Hovmand
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:25
  33. Given the large burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among both Syrian refugees and the host communities within which they are settled, humanitarian actors and the government of Lebanon face immense chal...

    Authors: Shannon Doocy, Emily Lyles, Baptiste Hanquart and Michael Woodman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:21
  34. Evidence is conflicting as to the whether tobacco smoking prevalence is higher in refugee than non-refugee populations. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and frequency of tobacco smoking in P...

    Authors: Mohammed Jawad, Ali Khader and Christopher Millett
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:20
  35. MSF responds to needs for the termination of pregnancy, including on request (TPR); it is part of the organization’s work aimed at reducing maternal mortality and suffering; and preventing unsafe abortions in ...

    Authors: Catrin Schulte-Hillen, Nelly Staderini and Jean-François Saint-Sauveur
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:19
  36. Global health professionals regularly conduct healthcare trainings, such as first aid courses, in disadvantaged communities across the world. Many of these communities lack healthcare infrastructure because of...

    Authors: Kyle G. Ratner and Lindsay B. Katona
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:29
  37. Since December 2013, an armed conflict in South Sudan has resulted in the displacement of over 2.2 million people, more than 270,000 of whom are presently in refugee settlements located throughout Uganda. Exis...

    Authors: Alex Adaku, James Okello, Blakeley Lowry, Jeremy C. Kane, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi and Wietse A. Tol
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:18
  38. This article reports on the use of the ‘neighborhood method’ to measure the prevalence and basic characteristics of children who became separated from their parents or usual caregivers subsequent to an attack ...

    Authors: Hani Mansourian, Beth L. Rubenstein, Craig Spencer, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Eva Noble, Anna Skeels, Chiara Ceriotti and Lindsay Stark
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:17
  39. A decade of conflict in Chechnya destroyed infrastructure and resulted in widespread exposure to violence. Amidst substantial reconstruction, periodic violence has contributed to an ongoing atmosphere of insec...

    Authors: Amanda J. Nguyen, Concetta Feo, Kyuri Idrisov, Giovanni Pintaldi, Annick Lenglet, Zalina Tsatsaeva, Paul Bolton and Judith Bass
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:16
  40. Complex humanitarian emergencies are characterised by a break-down of health systems. All-cause mortality increases and non-violent excess deaths (predominantly due to infectious diseases) have been shown to o...

    Authors: Peter Heudtlass, Niko Speybroeck and Debarati Guha-Sapir
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:15
  41. Mental disorders contribute to the global disease burden and have an increased prevalence among children in emergency settings. Good physical health is crucial for mental well-being, although physical health i...

    Authors: Alexander Hamilton, Charlie Foster, Justin Richards and Rajendra Surenthirakumaran
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:13
  42. In recent years Europe has received an increasing influx of migrants, many of whom risked their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea. In October 2013, Italy launched a search and rescue operation at sea in res...

    Authors: Alessia Trovato, Anthony Reid, Kudakwashe C. Takarinda, Chiara Montaldo, Tom Decroo, Philip Owiti, Francesco Bongiorno and Stefano Di Carlo
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:14
  43. Globally, an estimated 300,000 children under the age of 18 participate in combat situations; those in armed groups in particular suffer prolonged exposure to psychological and physical abuse. The Lord’s Resis...

    Authors: Jocelyn TD Kelly, Lindsay Branham and Michele R. Decker
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:11
  44. The majority of Gazans who were killed or injured in the 2014 Israel—Gaza war were civilians, and one-fourth of the population were internally displaced. As the Gaza Strip is a small territory, the whole popul...

    Authors: Arild Vaktskjold, Mohammad Yaghi, Usama Balawi, Bjørn Iversen and Wendy Venter
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2016 10:10

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