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  1. COVID-19 has spread across the African continent, including Niger. Yet very little is known about the phenotype of people who tested positive for COVID-19. In this humanitarian crises region, we aimed at chara...

    Authors: Patrick D. M. C. Katoto, Issoufou Aboubacar, Batouré Oumarou, Eric Adehossi, Blanche-Philomene Melanga Anya, Aida Mounkaila, Adamou Moustapha, El khalef Ishagh, Gbaguidi Aichatou Diawara, Biey Joseph Nsiari-Muzeyi, Tambwe Didier and Charles Shey Wiysonge
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:89
  2. For almost a decade now, Mali has been facing a security crisis that led to the displacement of thousands of people within the country. Since March 2020, a health crisis linked to the COVID-19 pandemic also su...

    Authors: Mohamed Ali Ag Ahmed, Birama Apho Ly, Niélé Hawa Diarra, Fatoumata Bintou Traore, Djeneba Diarra, Inna Fatoumata Kande, Mahamadou Dembele, Seydou Doumbia and Hassane Alami
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:88
  3. Social capital is an important social determinant of women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. Little research has been conducted to understand the role of social capital in women’s sexual and reprodu...

    Authors: Hannah Ireland, Nguyen Toan Tran and Angela Dawson
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:87
  4. Sexual violence and intimate partner violence are exacerbated by armed conflict and other humanitarian crises. This narrative systematic review of evidence for interventions to reduce risk and incidence of sex...

    Authors: Jo Spangaro, Chye Toole-Anstey, Catherine L. MacPhail, Delia C. Rambaldini-Gooding, Lynne Keevers and Claudia Garcia-Moreno
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:86
  5. While current estimates suggest that up to three million additional surgical procedures are needed to meet the needs of forcibly displaced populations, literature on surgical care for refugee or forced migrant...

    Authors: Zachary Obinna Enumah, Sarah Rapaport, Hilary Ngude, Gayane Yenokyan, Amber Lekey, Peter J. Winch and Kent A. Stevens
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:85
  6. The impacts of infectious disease outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics are not gender neutral. Instead, infectious diseases and gender-based violence (GBV) mutually reinforce each other. Women and girls in huma...

    Authors: Melissa Meinhart, Luissa Vahedi, Simone E. Carter, Catherine Poulton, Philomene Mwanze Palaku and Lindsay Stark
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:84
  7. For humanitarian organisations to respond effectively to complex crises, they require access to up-to-date evidence-based guidance. The COVID-19 crisis has highlighted the importance of updating global guidanc...

    Authors: Alex Odlum, Rosemary James, Audrey Mahieu, Karl Blanchet, Chiara Altare, Neha Singh and Paul Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:83
  8. Community health workers (CHWs) are crucial for increasing access to health services to communities. Due to decades of conflict and under-funding, access to health care in South Sudan remains severely limited....

    Authors: George William Lutwama, Maryse Kok and Eelco Jacobs
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:82
  9. The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) has been marred by widespread allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) of women and girls by UN pea...

    Authors: Georgia Fraulin, Sabine Lee, Sandrine Lusamba and Susan A. Bartels
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:80

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:81

  10. The negative impact of COVID-19 on population health outcomes raises critical questions on health system preparedness and resilience, especially in resource-limited settings. This study examined healthworker p...

    Authors: Gloria Seruwagi, Catherine Nakidde, Felix Otieno, Joshua Kayiwa, Brian Luswata, Eric Lugada, Eric Awich Ochen, Denis Muhangi, Betty Okot, Dunstan Ddamulira, Andrew Masaba and Stephen Lawoko
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:79
  11. Globally, the number of forcibly displaced individuals has reached 70.8 million. Lebanon, a middle income country, hosts the highest number of refugees per capita worldwide. The majority of refugees are Syrian...

    Authors: Shadi Saleh, Lina Abdouni, Hani Dimassi, Dana Nabulsi, Ranime Harb, Zeinab Jammoul, Noha Hachach and Nour El Arnaout
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:77
  12. Armed conflict has significant impacts on individuals and families living in conflict-affected settings globally. Scholars working to prevent violence within families have hypothesised that experiencing armed ...

    Authors: Delan Devakumar, Alexis Palfreyman, Amaran Uthayakumar-Cumarasamy, Nazifa Ullah, Chavini Ranasinghe, Nicole Minckas, Abhijit Nadkarni, Sian Oram, David Osrin and Jenevieve Mannell
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:74
  13. There is an urgent need for evidence-based, scalable, psychological interventions to improve the mental health of adolescents affected by adversity in low-resource settings. Early Adolescents Skills for Emotio...

    Authors: Aneeha Singh, Ashley Nemiro, Aiysha Malik, Marie-France Guimond, Estella Nduwimana, Samuel Likindikoki, Jeannie Annan and Wietse A. Tol
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:73
  14. Populations affected by humanitarian emergencies are vulnerable to substance (alcohol and other drug) use disorders, yet treatment and prevention services are scarce. Delivering substance use disorder treatmen...

    Authors: M. Claire Greene, Stephanie Haddad, Anja Busse, Nadine Ezard, Peter Ventevogel, Lina Demis, Sachi Inoue, Jan-Christopher Gumm, Giovanna Campello, Wietse A. Tol and Jeremy C. Kane
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:71
  15. The political and military advance of the Taliban, reduced healthcare capacity, and imminent humanitarian crisis risk exacerbating an already very serious threat posed by COVID-19 in Afghanistan. The continued...

    Authors: Mohammad Yasir Essar, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Zarmina Islam, Mehr Muhammad Adeel Riaz, Abdullahi Tunde Aborode and Shoaib Ahmad
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:70
  16. The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world’s poorest and most fragile countries. Maybe there is no nation on the planet where the official health statistics are so poor. Evidence presented in this ...

    Authors: Anna Kuehne and Leslie Roberts
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:68
  17. The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most unstable in the world. In 2014, over 2.5 million civilians were displaced in Iraq; between 2015 and 2017 more than 3 million people continued...

    Authors: Muhammad Fawad Khan, Daniel Jeannetot, Kamal Sunil Olleri, Mirjam Bakker, Altaf Sadrudin Musani, Adham Rashad Ismail Abdel Moneim, Wael Hatahit and Prisca Zwanikken
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:67
  18. This Letter to the Editor aims to reflect on the current challenges to increase the coverage of COVID-19 vaccination in the fragile and conflict-affected setting of Lebanon, which is currently experiencing one...

    Authors: Ludmila Lobkowicz, Julien Lahoud and Ibrahim Bou-Orm
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:66
  19. Turkey hosts the world’s largest refugee population of whom 3.5 million are Syrians and this population has been continuously growing since the year 2011. This situation causes various problems, mainly while r...

    Authors: Şevkat Bahar Özvarış, Bahar Güçiz Doğan, Hande Konşuk Ünlü, Gamze Aktuna, Tacettin İnandı, A. Öner Kurt, Neriman Aydın and M. Tezer Kutluk
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:65
  20. The 2006 United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities states that the achievement of equal rights, empowerment and social inclusion of people with disabilities requires comprehensive re...

    Authors: Jean-Francois Trani, Juanita Vasquez-Escallon and Parul Bakhshi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:63
  21. The ongoing civil war in Yemen has severely restricted imports of food and fuel, disrupted livelihoods and displaced millions, worsening already high pre-war levels of food insecurity. Paired with frequent out...

    Authors: Rana A. Hussein, Mark P. Suprenant, Najwa Al-Dheeb, Saul Guerrero, Eleanor Rogers, Fouzia Shafique, Meredith Dyson and Muhammad H. Zaman
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:62
  22. Pregnancy-related mortality remains persistently higher in post-conflict areas. Part of the blame lies with continued disruption to vital care provision, especially emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC)...

    Authors: Serge-André Mizerero, Calistus Wilunda, Patou Masika Musumari, Masako Ono-Kihara, Gerrye Mubungu, Masahiro Kihara and Takeo Nakayama
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:61
  23. Myanmar has had a long history of civil wars with its minority ethnic groups and is yet to see a sustainable peace accord. The conflicts have had a significant impact on health in Myanmar, with ethnic populati...

    Authors: Colette Pang Biesty, Aung Ja Brang and Barry Munslow
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:60
  24. Both conflict and non-conflict sexual violence have been well described in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). However, there is little empiric data comparing sexual violence patterns for males and females...

    Authors: Justin Paluku Lussy, Annie Dube, Jonathan Kasereka M. Lusi, Aurélien Mahamba Kikoli, Eugénie Kamabu Mukekulu and Susan A. Bartels
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:59
  25. Children with disabilities face unique challenges in humanitarian aid settings and education may provide protective measures against abuse and exploitation. There are growing calls for inclusive education of c...

    Authors: Kelsey Werner, Gregory St. Arnold and Thomas M. Crea
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:58
  26. The recent Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks in 2021 exemplify how sexual and reproductive health services are too often considered unessential during health emergencies. Bleeding for reasons other than EVD,...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran, Désirée Lichtenstein, Benjamin Black, Alice Rosmini and Catrin Schulte-Hillen
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:57
  27. Humanitarian practitioners have recently expanded their focus from the provision of assistance only to working to ensure refugees and internally displaced peoples (IDPs) can develop sustained ‘self-reliance’. ...

    Authors: Ilana Seff, Kellie Leeson and Lindsay Stark
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:56
  28. Research has identified built environmental attributes associated with children’s physical activity (PA); however, less is known for environmental correlates of refugee children’s PA. This narrative review summar...

    Authors: Siqi Chen, Alison Carver, Takemi Sugiyama and Martin Knöll
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:55
  29. The need for early identification of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases in communities was high in Yemen during the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic because most cases presenting to health facilities were...

    Authors: Manal Salem Omar Baaees, Jeremias D. Naiene, Ali Ahmed Al-Waleedi, Nasreen Salem Bin-Azoon, Muhammad Fawad Khan, Nuha Mahmoud and Altaf Musani
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:54
  30. Diabetes and hypertension are increasingly prevalent in low and middle income countries, but they are not well documented in refugee settlements in these settings. We sought to estimate the prevalence and asso...

    Authors: Rachel W. Kubiak, Elinor M. Sveum, Zikama Faustin, Timothy Muwonge, Hussain Abbas Zaidi, Andrew Kambugu, Simon Masereka, Julius Kasozi, Ingrid V. Bassett and Kelli N. O’Laughlin
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:53
  31. The eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has experienced decades-long armed conflicts which have had a negative impact on population’s health. Most research in public health explores measures that focus ...

    Authors: Samuel Lwamushi Makali, Espoir Bwenge Malembaka, Anne-Sophie Lambert, Hermès Bimana Karemere, Christian Molima Eboma, Albert Tambwe Mwembo, Steven Barnes Ssali, Ghislain Bisimwa Balaluka, Phillippe Donnen and Jean Macq
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:52
  32. During conflict, children and adolescents are at increased risk of mental health problems and in particular, anxiety and depression. However, mental health screening in conflict settings is problematic and car...

    Authors: Jon D. Perkins and Julieta Alós
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:51
  33. The Central African Republic (CAR) suffers a protracted conflict and has the second lowest human development index in the world. Available mortality estimates vary and differ in methodology. We undertook a ret...

    Authors: Eve Robinson, Lawrence Lee, Leslie F. Roberts, Aurelie Poelhekke, Xavier Charles, Adelaide Ouabo, Jorieke Vyncke, Cono Ariti, Mariette Claudia Adame Gbanzi, Martial Tanguy Ouakouma, Nell Gray, Maura Daly, Kate White, Sam Templeman, Mia Hejdenberg, Maaike Hersevoort…
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:50
  34. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and donors often promote certain practices to a community, such as in-facility births and then evaluate the efficacy of those interventions, in part, by surveying those po...

    Authors: Philippe Wol, Christina Kay and Leslie Roberts
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:48
  35. Authorities in Somalia responded with drastic measures after the first confirmed COVID-19 case in mid-March 2020, closing borders, schools, limiting travel and prohibiting most group functions. However, the im...

    Authors: Dorien H. Braam, Sharath Srinivasan, Luke Church, Zakaria Sheikh, Freya L. Jephcott and Salome Bukachi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:47
  36. Authors: Dorothy Boggs, Oluwarantimi Atijosan-Ayodele, Hisem Yonso, Nathaniel Scherer, Timothy O’Fallon, Gülten Deniz, Selin Volkan, Ahmed Örücü, Isotta Pivato, Ammar Hasan Beck, İbrahim Akıncı, Hannah Kuper, Allen Foster, Andrea Patterson and Sarah Polack
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:46

    The original article was published in Conflict and Health 2021 15:29

  37. Navigating health systems in host countries can be a challenge for refugees, particularly in a multi-provider system such as Lebanon. Syrian refugees in Lebanon face a high burden of Non-Communicable Diseases ...

    Authors: Flora Haderer, Emilie Venables, Josefien van Olmen, Miriam Orcutt, Michella Ghassibe-Sabbagh and Wilma van den Boogaard
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:45
  38. To systematically review studies on HRQOL, measured by the WHOQOL-Bref instrument, of refugees in general and clinical populations who are settled in the community of the hosting country, and outline the diffe...

    Authors: Juliette Gagliardi, Christian Brettschneider and Hans-Helmut König
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:44
  39. Much has been written about the short-term challenges facing children returning ‘home’ from rebel fighting groups, but little is known about the longer term day to day realities of return. This article present...

    Authors: Melissa Parker, Cristin A. Fergus, Charlotte Brown, Dorothy Atim, James Ocitti, Jackline Atingo and Tim Allen
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:43
  40. Violence and traumatic events are highly prevalent among refugees, but less is known about the impact of these experiences among self-settled refugees in the country of asylum. We evaluated the association bet...

    Authors: Itziar Familiar, Pamela Nasirumbi Muniina, Chris Dolan, Moses Ogwal, David Serwadda, Herbert Kiyingi, Chantal Siya Bahinduka, Enos Sande and Wolfgang Hladik
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:42
  41. Cash transfers are an increasingly common intervention in the Syrian refugee response to meet basic needs, though there is little known of their potential secondary impact on health outcomes in humanitarian se...

    Authors: By Emily Lyles, Stephen Chua, Yasmeen Barham, Kayla Pfieffer-Mundt, Paul Spiegel, Ann Burton and Shannon Doocy
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2021 15:41

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