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  1. The association between poor mental health and factors related to HIV acquisition and disease progression (also referred to as HIV-related factors) may be stronger among conflict-affected populations given ele...

    Authors: Erica Koegler and Caitlin E. Kennedy

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:20

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  2. Twenty-one years ago, a global consortium of like-minded institutions designed the landmark Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) to guide national and international h...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran and Catrin Schulte-Hillen

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:32

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  3. Refugees and asylum-seekers are often exposed to multiple types of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and report elevated rates of psychological disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cons...

    Authors: Philippa Specker, Belinda J. Liddell, Yulisha Byrow, Richard A. Bryant and Angela Nickerson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  4. Sudan is a fragile developing country, with a low expenditure on health. It has been subjected to ongoing conflicts ever since 1956, with the Darfur crisis peaking in 2004. The conflict, in combination with th...

    Authors: Sara A. Hassanain, Jeffrey K. Edwards, Emilie Venables, Engy Ali, Khadiga Adam, Hafiz Hussien and Asma Elsony

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:18

    Content type: Research

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  5. Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated wit...

    Authors: Tania Josiane Bosqui and Bassam Marshoud

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:15

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  6. In the ongoing conflicts of Syria and Yemen, there have been widespread reports of attacks on health care facilities and personnel. Tabulated evidence does suggest hospital bombings in Syria and Yemen are far ...

    Authors: Carolyn Briody, Leonard Rubenstein, Les Roberts, Eamon Penney, William Keenan and Jeffrey Horbar

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:19

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2018 12:47

  7. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are immediate priorities for human survival and dignity in emergencies. In 2010, > 90% of Syrians had access to improved drinking water. In 2011, armed conflict began and ...

    Authors: Mustafa Sikder, Umar Daraz, Daniele Lantagne and Roberto Saltori

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. Evidence of use of toxic gas chemical weapons in the Syrian war has been reported by governmental and non-governmental international organizations since the war started in March 2011. To date, the profiles of ...

    Authors: Jose M. Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin-Samuel Schlüter and Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:16

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  9. Recent trends and research suggest health conditions of the Syrian refugees in Lebanon are deteriorating. The following case study highlights some of the problems that refugees encounter seeking health care se...

    Authors: Salim M. Saiyed, John Kahler and Mutaz Kalabani

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:14

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  10. The main causes of death during population movements can be prevented by addressing the population’s basic needs. In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a framework for decision making to help pri...

    Authors: Monica Rull, Sophie Masson, Nicolas Peyraud, Marco Simonelli, Alexandre Ventura, Claire Dorion, Francisco J. Luquero, Florent Uzzeni and Iza Cigleneki

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:11

    Content type: Case study

    Published on:

  11. Monitoring and evaluation of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programs is critical to facilitating learning and providing accountability to stakeholders. As part of an inter-agency effort to deve...

    Authors: Jura L. Augustinavicius, M. Claire Greene, Daniel P. Lakin and Wietse A. Tol

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Refugees living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa suffer unique hardships that may increase their vulnerability to interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART).

    Authors: Kelli N. O’Laughlin, Shada A. Rouhani, Julius Kasozi, Kelsy E. Greenwald, Nicholas R. Perkons, Zikama M. Faustin, Ingrid V. Bassett and Norma C. Ware

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. Following decades of armed conflict, Colombia remains highly affected by explosive device (ED) contamination, especially in rural areas. Many victims are injured by EDs despite knowing their dangers. Determini...

    Authors: Andrew T. Boyd, Kristin Becknell, Steven Russell, Curtis Blanton, Susan T. Cookson, Oleg O. Bilukha and Mark Anderson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Humanitarian aid workers caring for Syrian refugees face major stressors as they attend to refugees’ needs on the field. Without adequate psychosocial support, evidence has shown that fieldworkers experience h...

    Authors: Zeina Chemali, Hannah Smati, Kelsey Johnson, Christina P. C. Borba and Gregory L. Fricchione

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:8

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  15. The repeated use of prohibited chemical weapons in the Syrian conflict poses serious health, humanitarian, and security threats to civilians, healthcare personnel, and first responders. Moreover, the use of ch...

    Authors: Julia Brooks, Timothy B. Erickson, Stephanie Kayden, Raul Ruiz, Stephen Wilkinson and Frederick M. Burkle Jr

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:12

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  16. Sexual violence is associated with a multitude of poor physical, emotional, and social outcomes. Despite reports of stigma by sexual violence survivors, limited evidence exists on effective strategies to reduc...

    Authors: S. M. Murray, J. Augustinavicius, D. Kaysen, D. Rao, L. K. Murray, K. Wachter, J. Annan, K. Falb, P. Bolton and J. K. Bass

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant problem in conflict-affected settings. Understanding local constructions of such violence is crucial to developing preventive and responsive interventions to addres...

    Authors: Alastair Ager, Carolyn Bancroft, Elizabeth Berger and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant issue for women and girls in humanitarian settings. Innovative primary prevention programs are being developed and implemented with existing response programs to ch...

    Authors: N. Glass, N. Perrin, A. Clough, A. Desgroppes, F. N. Kaburu, J. Melton, A. Rink, S. Read-Hamilton and M. Marsh

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:5

    Content type: Methodology

    Published on:

  19. The number of refugees arriving in Europe increased dramatically in 2015, challenging the German health system. Amongst others, the treatment of infectious diseases is an important topic in refugee healthcare....

    Authors: Fabian Kahl and Thomas Kühlein

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:3

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  20. Provision of Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (EmONC) reduces maternal mortality and should include three components: Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) offered at primary care level, Co...

    Authors: Daphne Lagrou, Rony Zachariah, Karen Bissell, Catherine Van Overloop, Masood Nasim, Hamsaya Nikyar Wagma, Shafiqa Kakar, Séverine Caluwaerts, Eva De Plecker, Renzo Fricke and Rafael Van den Bergh

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The Syrian armed conflict is the worst humanitarian tragedy this century. With approximately 470,000 deaths and more than 13 million people displaced, the conflict continues to have a devastating impact on the...

    Authors: Emma Diggle, Wilhelmina Welsch, Richard Sullivan, Gerbrand Alkema, Abdihamid Warsame, Mais Wafai, Mohammed Jasem, Abdulkarim Ekzayez, Rachael Cummings and Preeti Patel

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. The combination of global demographic changes and a growing number of humanitarian crises in middle-income countries that have a higher life expectancy has led to an increase in the number of older populations...

    Authors: Emma Massey, James Smith and Bayard Roberts

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. While the conditions in emergency humanitarian and conflict-affected settings often result in significant sex work economies, there is limited information on the social and structural conditions of sex work in...

    Authors: Alyssa Ferguson, Kate Shannon, Jennifer Butler and Shira M. Goldenberg

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:25

    Content type: Research

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  24. Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda’s response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify...

    Authors: Jennifer J. Palmer, Okello Robert and Freddie Kansiime

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:22

    Content type: Research

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  25. Despite increasing efforts to expand availability of mental health services throughout the world, there continues to be limited utilization of these services by persons with mental illness and their families. ...

    Authors: Prasansa Subba, Nagendra P. Luitel, Brandon A. Kohrt and Mark J. D. Jordans

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:28

    Content type: Research

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  26. Delivery of effective mental health and psychosocial support programs requires knowledge of existing health systems and socio-cultural context. To respond rapidly to humanitarian emergencies, international org...

    Authors: M. Claire Greene, Mark J. D. Jordans, Brandon A. Kohrt, Peter Ventevogel, Laurence J. Kirmayer, Ghayda Hassan, Anna Chiumento, Mark van Ommeren and Wietse A. Tol

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:21

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  27. Between 2013 and 2014, a series of qualitative and quantitative research efforts were undertaken in three conflict affected communities (Syrian refugees in the Bekaa Valley, Lebanon, Somali refugees in Kobe Re...

    Authors: Jennifer Schlecht, Catherine Lee, Brad Kerner, Meghan Greeley and Courtland Robinson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):31

    Content type: Introduction

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  28. The very young adolescent (VYA) population age 10–14 years is often neglected in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) research due to the combined sensitivity of the topic and the young age group,...

    Authors: Catherine Lee, Yasmina Aules, Samira Sami, Paw Kree Lar, Jennifer Schlect and Courtland Robinson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  29. Recent reports have suggested that child marriage among Syrians may be increasing as a result of displacement and conflict. This study sought to gather qualitative data about the factors that promote child mar...

    Authors: Rima Mourtada, Jennifer Schlecht and Jocelyn DeJong

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  30. Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011–2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adoles...

    Authors: Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson and Jennifer Schlecht

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  31. Very young adolescents (VYA) in humanitarian settings are largely neglected in terms of sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study describes the characteristics of VYA aged 10-14 years in two humanitaria...

    Authors: Anna E. Kågesten, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Catherine Lee, Tenaw Bawoke, Shahd Osman and Jennifer Schlecht

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  32. The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. Wh...

    Authors: Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M. Fouad, Seema Manohar and Courtland Robinson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  33. Conflict and the subsequent displacement of populations creates unique challenges in the delivery of quality health care to the affected population. Equitable access to quality care demands a multi-pronged str...

    Authors: Devika Nadkarni, Imad Elhajj, Zaher Dawy, Hala Ghattas and Muhammad H. Zaman

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:20

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  34. There is a significant gap in empirical evidence on the menstrual hygiene management (MHM) challenges faced by adolescent girls and women in emergency contexts, and on appropriate humanitarian response approac...

    Authors: Margaret L. Schmitt, David Clatworthy, Ruwan Ratnayake, Nicole Klaesener-Metzner, Elizabeth Roesch, Erin Wheeler and Marni Sommer

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers ...

    Authors: Naser Morina, Simon M. Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A. Bryant, Angela Nickerson and Matthis Schick

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent the primary cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Specific attention needs to be given in fragile and crisis-affected contexts, where health systems have even m...

    Authors: S. Aebischer Perone, E. Martinez, S. du Mortier, R. Rossi, M. Pahud, V. Urbaniak, F. Chappuis, O. Hagon, F. Jacquérioz Bausch and D. Beran

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:17

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  37. A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergenc...

    Authors: Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson and Anna Whelan

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. It is assumed that knowing what puts young women at risk of poor sexual health outcomes and, in turn, what protects them against these outcomes, will enable greater targeted protection as well as help in desig...

    Authors: Aisha Hutchinson, Philippa Waterhouse, Jane March-McDonald, Sarah Neal and Roger Ingham

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:15

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  39. Major challenges and crises in global health will not be solved by health alone; requiring rather a multidisciplinary, evidence-based analytical approach to prevention, preparedness and response. One such pote...

    Authors: Frederick M. Burkle Jr, Tom Potokar, James E. Gosney Jr and Cham Dallas

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:13

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  40. The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian respons...

    Authors: Dylan R.J. Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh and Carl Heneghan

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. With more than 200 million cases a year, malaria is an important global health concern, especially among pregnant women. The forested tribal areas of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Chhattisgarh in India are aff...

    Authors: Gustavo Corrêa, Mrinalini Das, Rama Kovelamudi, Nagendra Jaladi, Charlotte Pignon, Kalyan Vysyaraju, Usha Yedla, Vijya Laxmi, Pavani Vemula, Vijaya Gowthami, Hemant Sharma, Daniel Remartinez, Stobdan Kalon, Kirrily de Polnay, Martin De Smet and Petros Isaakidis

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Refugees and host nationals who accessed antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a remote refugee camp in Kakuma, Kenya (2011–2013) were compared on outcome measures that included viral suppression and adherence to ART.

    Authors: Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Paul Spiegel, Alison Grant, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Marian Schilperoord, Natasha Larke, John Wagacha Burton, Jully A. Okonji, Clement Zeh, Bosco Muhindo, Ibrahim M. Mohammed, Irene N. Mukui, Njogu Patterson, Egbert Sondorp and David A. Ross

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. To address family planning for crisis-affected communities, in 2011 and 2012, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Women’s Refugee Commission undertook a multi-country assessment to docume...

    Authors: Mihoko Tanabe, Anna Myers, Prem Bhandari, Nadine Cornier, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy and Sandra Krause

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. The Central African Republic has known long periods of instability. In 2014, following the fall of an interim government installed by the Séléka coalition, a series of violent reprisals occurred. These events ...

    Authors: Matthew E. Coldiron, Thomas Roederer, Augusto E. Llosa, Malika Bouhenia, Sassou Madi, Laurent Sury, Michaël Neuman and Klaudia Porten

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. The alignment method, a novel psychometric approach, represents a more flexible procedure for establishing measurement invariance in geographically, ethnically, or linguistically diverse samples, especially in...

    Authors: Alvin Kuowei Tay, Rohan Jayasuriya, Dinuk Jayasuriya and Derrick Silove

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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