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  1. Content type: Research article

    Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) respond to high-impact communicable diseases in resource-poor countries, including health systems support, and are major actors in global health. GHIs could play an important r...

    Authors: Preeti Patel, Rachael Cummings and Bayard Roberts

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:7

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  2. Content type: Research

    Reproductive health (RH) care is an essential component of humanitarian response. Women and girls living in humanitarian settings often face high maternal mortality and are vulnerable to unwanted pregnancy, un...

    Authors: Sara E Casey, Sarah K Chynoweth, Nadine Cornier, Meghan C Gallagher and Erin E Wheeler

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9(Suppl 1):S3

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Research

    Provision of reproductive health (RH) services is a minimum standard of health care in humanitarian settings; however access to these services is often limited. This systematic review, one component of a globa...

    Authors: Sara E Casey

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9(Suppl 1):S1

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Research

    The Minimum Initial Services Package (MISP) for reproductive health, a standard of care in humanitarian emergencies, is a coordinated set of priority activities developed to prevent excess morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Sandra Krause, Holly Williams, Monica A Onyango, Samira Sami, Wilma Doedens, Noreen Giga, Erin Stone and Barbara Tomczyk

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9(Suppl 1):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Research

    The Inter-agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises conducted a ten-year global evaluation of reproductive health in humanitarian settings. This paper examines proposals for reproductive health act...

    Authors: Mihoko Tanabe, Kristen Schaus, Sonia Rastogi, Sandra K Krause and Preeti Patel

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9(Suppl 1):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 9 Supplement 1

  6. Content type: Case study

    Previous studies show that health systems governance influences health system performance and health outcomes. However, there are few examples of how to implement and monitor good governing practices in fragil...

    Authors: Zelaikha Anwari, Mahesh Shukla, Basir Ahmad Maseed, Ghulam Farooq Mukhlis Wardak, Sakhi Sardar, Javid Matin, Ghulam Sayed Rashed, Sayed Amin Hamedi, Hedayatullah Sahak, Abdul Hakim Aziz, Mariah Boyd-Boffa and Reshma Trasi

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:2

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  7. Content type: Case study

    Between the late 1980s and 2000s, Northern Uganda experienced over twenty years of armed conflict between the Government of Uganda and Lord’s Resistance Army. The resulting humanitarian crisis led to displacem...

    Authors: Olushayo Olu, Abdulmumini Usman, Solomon Woldetsadik, Dick Chamla and Oladapo Walker

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2015 9:1

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  8. Content type: Case study

    The eastern part of India has been affected by an ongoing low-intensity conflict between government forces and armed Maoist groups, known as Naxalites. Since 2006, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has been provi...

    Authors: Edward Armstrong, Mrinalini Das, Homa Mansoor, Ramesh B Babu and Petros Isaakidis

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:25

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  9. Content type: Research

    Through the Balanced Scorecard program there have been independent, annual and nationwide assessments of the Afghan health system from 2004 to 2013. During this period, Afghanistan remained in a dynamic state ...

    Authors: Jack S Rowe, Kayhan Natiq, Olakunle Alonge, Shivam Gupta, Anubhav Agarwal and David H Peters

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:24

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  10. Content type: Research

    Attacks on health care in armed conflict and other civil disturbances, including those on health workers, health facilities, patients and health transports, represent a critical yet often overlooked violation ...

    Authors: Rohini J Haar, Katherine HA Footer, Sonal Singh, Susan G Sherman, Casey Branchini, Joshua Sclar, Emily Clouse and Leonard S Rubenstein

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:23

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  11. Content type: Case study

    Access to health services in Afghanistan has expanded in the last decade; however, gaps in care quality and outcomes of care remain a challenge. Recognizing these gaps, in 2009 the USAID Health Care Improvemen...

    Authors: Mirwais Rahimzai, Ahmad Jan Naeem, Silvia Holschneider and Ahmad Kamran Hekmati

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:21

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  12. Content type: Research

    Definitions of fragile states focus on state willingness and capacity to ensure security and provide essential services, including health. Conventional analyses and subsequent policies that focus on state-deli...

    Authors: Peter S Hill, Enrico Pavignani, Markus Michael, Maurizio Murru and Mark E Beesley

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:20

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  13. Content type: Research

    The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of int...

    Authors: Howard Zucker, Roy Ahn, Samuel Justin Sinclair, Mark Blais, Brett D Nelson and Thomas F Burke

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:17

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  14. Content type: Meeting report

    Fragile and Conflict Affected States present difficult contexts to achieve health system outcomes and are neglected in health systems research. This report presents key debates from the Consultation of the Col...

    Authors: Joanna Raven, Tim Martineau, Eleanor MacPherson, Amuda Baba Dieu-Merci, Sarah Ssali, Steve Torr and Sally Theobald

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:15

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  15. Content type: Review

    The rising global burden of forced migration due to armed conflict is increasingly recognised as an important issue in global health. Forced migrants are at a greater risk of developing mental disorders. Howev...

    Authors: Chesmal Siriwardhana, Shirwa Sheik Ali, Bayard Roberts and Robert Stewart

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:13

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  16. Content type: Research

    The aim of this paper is to explore women’s perceptions of the causes of intimate partner violence (IPV) in West Africa, and the ways in which they understand these causes to interact with the experiences of war.

    Authors: Rebecca Horn, Eve S Puffer, Elisabeth Roesch and Heidi Lehmann

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:12

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  17. Content type: Research

    It is recognized that decisions taken in the early recovery period may affect the development of health systems. Additionally, some suggest that the immediate post-conflict period may allow for the opening of ...

    Authors: Maria Paola Bertone, Mohamed Samai, Joseph Edem-Hotah and Sophie Witter

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:11

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  18. Content type: Research

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is prevalent among, though not specific to, conflict affected populations and related to multifarious levels of vulnerability of conflict and displacement. Colombia has been marked ...

    Authors: Andrea L Wirtz, Kiemanh Pham, Nancy Glass, Saskia Loochkartt, Teemar Kidane, Decssy Cuspoca, Leonard S Rubenstein, Sonal Singh and Alexander Vu

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:10

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  19. Content type: Short report

    Although measles mortality has declined dramatically in Sub-Saharan Africa, measles remains a major public health problem in countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Here, we describe the large m...

    Authors: Silvia Mancini, Matthew E Coldiron, Axelle Ronsse, Benoît Kebela Ilunga, Klaudia Porten and Rebecca F Grais

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:9

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  20. Content type: Research

    Over 40% of all deaths among children under 5 are neonatal deaths (0–28 days), and this proportion is increasing. In 2012, 2.9 million newborns died, with 99% occurring in low- and middle-income countries. Man...

    Authors: Diane F Morof, Kate Kerber, Barbara Tomczyk, Joy Lawn, Curtis Blanton, Samira Sami and Ribka Amsalu

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:8

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  21. Content type: Research

    Human security shifts traditional concepts of security from interstate conflict and the absence of war to the security of the individual. Broad definitions of human security include livelihoods and food securi...

    Authors: Parveen Kaur Parmar, Pooja Agrawal, Ravi Goyal, Jennifer Scott and P Gregg Greenough

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:6

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  22. Content type: Research

    Reintegration programs are commonly offered to former combatants and abductees to acquire civilian status and support services to reintegrate into post-conflict society. Among a group of young female abductees...

    Authors: Katherine A Muldoon, Godfrey Muzaaya, Theresa S Betancourt, Mirriam Ajok, Monica Akello, Zaira Petruf, Paul Nguyen, Erin K Baines and Kate Shannon

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:5

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  23. Content type: Research

    The final months of the conflict in Sri Lanka in 2009 resulted in massive displacement of the civilian population and a high volume of orthopedic trauma including spinal cord injury. In response to this need, ...

    Authors: Jo C Armstrong, Brooke E Nichols, Joan M Wilson, Roy A Cosico and Leslie Shanks

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:4

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  24. Content type: Case study

    Afghanistan has faced health consequences of war including those due to displacement of populations, breakdown of health and social services, and increased risks of disease transmission for over three decades....

    Authors: Khaled Seddiq, Donald A Enarson, Karam Shah, Zaeem Haq and Wasiq M Khan

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:3

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  25. Content type: Reviewer acknowledgement

    The editors of Conflict and Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal from Volume 1 (2007) to Volume 7 (2013).

    Authors: Olivier Degomme, Ruwan Ratnayake and Bayard Roberts

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:1

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  26. Content type: Research

    Following the contested national elections in 2007, violence occurred throughout Kenya. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, characteristics, and health consequences of the 2007–2008 elect...

    Authors: Kirsten Johnson, Jennifer Scott, Treny Sasyniuk, David Ndetei, Michael Kisielewski, Shada Rouhani, Susan Bartels, Victoria Mutiso, Anne Mbwayo, David Rae and Lynn Lawry

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:2

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  27. Content type: Case study

    Widespread violence followed the 2007 presidential elections in Kenya resulting in the deaths of a reported 1,133 people and the displacement of approximately 660,000 others. At the time of the crisis the Unit...

    Authors: Suzanne Goodrich, Samson Ndege, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Hosea Some, Juddy Wachira, Paula Braitstein, John E Sidle, Jackline Sitienei, Regina Owino, Cleophas Chesoli, Catherine Gichunge, Fanice Komen, Claris Ojwang, Edwin Sang, Abraham Siika and Kara Wools-Kaloustian

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:25

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  28. Content type: Research

    Communities in South Sudan have endured decades of conflict. Protracted conflict exacerbated reproductive health disparities and gender inequities. This study, conducted prior to the country’s 2011 independenc...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Sarah Averbach, Anna Merport Modest, Michele Hacker, Sarah Cornish, Danielle Spencer, Maureen Murphy and Parveen Parmar

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:24

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  29. Content type: Case study

    Mental health problems, particularly anxiety and mood disorders, are prevalent in the setting of humanitarian emergencies, both natural and man-made disasters. Evidence regarding best strategies for therapeuti...

    Authors: Matthew E Coldiron, Augusto E Llosa, Thomas Roederer, German Casas and Marie-Rose Moro

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:23

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  30. Content type: Research

    The long lasting resilience of individuals and communities affected by mass violence has not been given equal prominence as their suffering. This has often led to psychosocial interventions in post-conflict zo...

    Authors: Eliana B Suarez

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:21

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  31. Content type: Research

    Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) provides individual counselling interventions in medical humanitarian programmes in contexts affected by conflict and violence. Although mental health and psychosocial interventi...

    Authors: Leslie Shanks, Cono Ariti, M Ruby Siddiqui, Giovanni Pintaldi, Sarah Venis, Kaz de Jong and Marise Denault

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:19

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  32. Content type: Letter to Editor

    Around 3% of the world’s population (n = 214 million people) has crossed international borders for various reasons. Since March 2011, Syria has been going through state of political crisis and instability resu...

    Authors: Ziad El-Khatib, David Scales, Jo Vearey and Birger C Forsberg

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:18

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  33. Content type: Research

    Thousands of former child soldiers who were abducted during the prolonged conflict in northern Uganda have returned to their home communities. Programmes that facilitate their successful reintegration continue...

    Authors: Sheetal Patel, Martin T Schechter, Nelson K Sewankambo, Stella Atim, Charles Oboya, Noah Kiwanuka and Patricia M Spittal

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:17

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  34. Content type: Research

    Sexual and other forms of gender-based violence are common in conflict settings and are known risk factors for mental health and psychosocial wellbeing. We present findings from a systematic review of the acad...

    Authors: Wietse A Tol, Vivi Stavrou, M Claire Greene, Christina Mergenthaler, Mark van Ommeren and Claudia García Moreno

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:16

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  35. Content type: Research

    In conflict and disaster settings, medical personnel are exposed to psychological stressors that threaten their wellbeing and increase their risk of developing burnout, depression, anxiety, and PTSD. As lay me...

    Authors: Andrew George Lim, Lawrence Stock, Eh Kalu Shwe Oo and Douglas P Jutte

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:15

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  36. Content type: Research

    Sexual assault is a threat to public health in refugee and conflict affected settings, placing survivors at risk for unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, STIs, HIV, psychological trauma, and social stigma. I...

    Authors: Janel R Smith, Lara S Ho, Anne Langston, Neha Mankani, Anjuli Shivshanker and Dhammika Perera

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:14

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  37. Content type: Research

    High levels of gender-based violence (GBV) persist among conflict-affected populations and within humanitarian settings and are paralleled by under-reporting and low service utilization. Novel and evidence-bas...

    Authors: Andrea L Wirtz, Nancy Glass, Kiemanh Pham, Amsale Aberra, Leonard S Rubenstein, Sonal Singh and Alexander Vu

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:13

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  38. Content type: Methodology

    Given the challenges to ensuring facility-based care in conflict settings, the Women’s Refugee Commission and partners have been pursuing a community-based approach to providing medical care to survivors of se...

    Authors: Mihoko Tanabe, Keely Robinson, Catherine I Lee, Jen A Leigh, Eh May Htoo, Naw Integer and Sandra K Krause

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:12

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  39. Content type: Research

    Civil wars are characterized by intense forms of violence, such as torture, maiming and rape. Political scientists suggest that this form of political violence is fostered through the provision of particular i...

    Authors: Roos Haer, Lilli Banholzer, Thomas Elbert and Roland Weierstall

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:11

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  40. Content type: Research

    The proliferation of nuclear technology in the politically volatile Middle East greatly increases the likelihood of a catastrophic nuclear war. It is widely accepted, while not openly declared, that Israel has...

    Authors: Cham E Dallas, William C Bell, David J Stewart, Antonio Caruso and Frederick M Burkle Jr

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:10

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  41. Content type: Research

    Former combatants have frequently reported that aggressive behaviour can be appetitive and appealing. This appetitive aggression (AA) may be adaptive for survival in a violent environment, as it is associated ...

    Authors: Roland Weierstall, Claudia Patricia Bueno Castellanos, Frank Neuner and Thomas Elbert

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:9

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