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  1. Content type: Research

    It is a challenge in low-resource settings to ensure the availability of complete, timely disease surveillance information. Smartphone applications (apps) have the potential to enhance surveillance data transm...

    Authors: Ziad El-Khatib, Maya Shah, Samuel N Zallappa, Pierre Nabeth, José Guerra, Casimir T Manengu, Michel Yao, Aline Philibert, Lazare Massina, Claes-Philip Staiger, Raphael Mbailao, Jean-Pierre Kouli, Hippolyte Mboma, Geraldine Duc, Dago Inagbe, Alpha Boubaca Barry…

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:42

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  2. Content type: Research

    Although the adverse impacts of conflict-driven displacement on health are well-documented, less is known about how health status and associated risk factors differ according to displacement experience. This s...

    Authors: Rachel Burns, Kolitha Wickramage, Anwar Musah, Chesmal Siriwardhana and Francesco Checchi

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:41

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  3. Content type: Research

    In Kachin State, Myanmar, collapse of a ceasefire in 2011 has resulted in widespread exposure to conflict and ongoing internal displacement. Such exposures are known risk factors for mental health and psychoso...

    Authors: Catherine Lee, Amanda J. Nguyen, Tara Russell, Yasmina Aules and Paul Bolton

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:39

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  4. Content type: Research

    Patients with diabetes require knowledge and skills to self-manage their disease, a challenging aspect of treatment that is difficult to address in humanitarian settings. Due to the lack of literature and expe...

    Authors: James A. Elliott, Debashish Das, Philippe Cavailler, Fabien Schneider, Maya Shah, Annette Ravaud, Maria Lightowler and Philippa Boulle

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:40

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  5. Content type: Research

    In 2015 and early 2016, close to 1 million migrants transited through Greece, on their way to Western Europe. In early 2016, the closure of the “Balkan-route” and the EU/Turkey-deal led to a drastic reduction ...

    Authors: Christos Eleftherakos, Wilma van den Boogaard, Declan Barry, Nathalie Severy, Ioanna Kotsioni and Louise Roland-Gosselin

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:38

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  6. Content type: Research

    The presence of landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) including unexploded ordnance (UXO) poses a serious public health risk for populations living in conflict-affected and contaminated areas. Current ...

    Authors: Stacey E. Pizzino, Samuel Hundessa, Vinu Verghis, Mark Griffin and Jo Durham

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:36

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  7. Content type: Research

    Following the Nepal earthquake in April 2015, UNFPA estimated that 1.4 million women of reproductive age were affected, with approximately 93,000 pregnant and 28,000 at risk of sexual violence. A set of priori...

    Authors: Anna Myers, Samira Sami, Monica Adhiambo Onyango, Hari Karki, Rosilawati Anggraini and Sandra Krause

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:35

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  8. Content type: Research

    In Ukraine, a large number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and veterans experience social and psychological problems as a result of the ongoing conflict between Ukraine and Russia. Our purpose was to de...

    Authors: S. Benjamin Doty, Emily E. Haroz, Namrita S. Singh, Sergiy Bogdanov, Judith K. Bass, Laura K. Murray, Karis L. Callaway and Paul A. Bolton

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:34

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  9. Content type: Research

    Relations among and interactions between exposure to armed conflict, alcohol misuse, low socioeconomic status, gender (in)equitable decision-making, and intimate partner violence (IPV) represent serious global...

    Authors: Jennifer J. Mootz, Florence Kyoheirwe Muhanguzi, Pavel Panko, Patrick Onyango Mangen, Milton L. Wainberg, Ilana Pinsky and Kaveh Khoshnood

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:37

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  10. Content type: Research

    In response to the influx of displaced Syrians since 2011, the Jordanian National Tuberculosis Program (NTP) implemented a specific Tuberculosis (TB) reduction strategy, including contact-tracing (CT). Contact...

    Authors: Edouard Hosten, Mandana Mehta, Emmanuel Andre, Khaled Abu Rumman and Dimitri Van der Linden

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:25

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  11. Content type: Research

    Tackling the high non-communicable disease (NCD) burden among Syrian refugees poses a challenge to humanitarian actors and host countries. Current response priorities are the identification and integration of ...

    Authors: Manuela Rehr, Muhammad Shoaib, Sara Ellithy, Suhib Okour, Cono Ariti, Idriss Ait-Bouziad, Paul van den Bosch, Anais Deprade, Mohammad Altarawneh, Abdel Shafei, Sadeq Gabashneh and Annick Lenglet

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:33

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  12. Content type: Case study

    Unstable settings present challenges for the effective provision of antiretroviral treatment (ART). In this paper, we summarize the experience and results of providing ART and implementing contingency plans du...

    Authors: Cecilia Ferreyra, Daniel O’Brien, Beatriz Alonso, Abdulbasset Al-Zomour and Nathan Ford

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:30

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  13. Content type: Research

    Performance based financing (PBF) has been increasingly implemented across low and middle-income countries, including in fragile and humanitarian settings, which present specific features likely to require ada...

    Authors: Maria Paola Bertone, Eelco Jacobs, Jurrien Toonen, Ngozi Akwataghibe and Sophie Witter

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:28

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  14. Content type: Meeting report

    Recent systematic reviews have highlighted a paucity of rigorous evidence to guide water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in humanitarian crises. In June 2017, the Research for Health in Humanitari...

    Authors: Lauren D’Mello-Guyett, Travis Yates, Andy Bastable, Maysoon Dahab, Claudio Deola, Caetano Dorea, Robert Dreibelbis, Timothy Grieve, Thomas Handzel, Anne Harmer, Daniele Lantagne, Peter Maes, Melissa Opryszko, Sarah Palmer-Felgate, Brian Reed, Rafael Van Den Bergh…

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:22

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  15. Content type: Research

    By 2017, more than 500,000 Syrian refugees had passed through Greece seeking safety and asylum. Understanding how their health needs evolved over the refugee crisis in Greece and in relation to changing migrat...

    Authors: Rebecca Hémono, Bridget Relyea, Jennifer Scott, Sinan Khaddaj, Angeliki Douka and Alison Wringe

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:24

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  16. Content type: Review

    The association between poor mental health and factors related to HIV acquisition and disease progression (also referred to as HIV-related factors) may be stronger among conflict-affected populations given ele...

    Authors: Erica Koegler and Caitlin E. Kennedy

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:20

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  17. Content type: Debate

    Twenty-one years ago, a global consortium of like-minded institutions designed the landmark Minimum Initial Service Package (MISP) for sexual and reproductive health (SRH) to guide national and international h...

    Authors: Nguyen Toan Tran and Catrin Schulte-Hillen

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:32

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  18. Content type: Research

    Refugees and asylum-seekers are often exposed to multiple types of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and report elevated rates of psychological disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cons...

    Authors: Philippa Specker, Belinda J. Liddell, Yulisha Byrow, Richard A. Bryant and Angela Nickerson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:26

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  19. Content type: Research

    Sudan is a fragile developing country, with a low expenditure on health. It has been subjected to ongoing conflicts ever since 1956, with the Darfur crisis peaking in 2004. The conflict, in combination with th...

    Authors: Sara A. Hassanain, Jeffrey K. Edwards, Emilie Venables, Engy Ali, Khadiga Adam, Hafiz Hussien and Asma Elsony

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:18

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  20. Content type: Review

    Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated wit...

    Authors: Tania Josiane Bosqui and Bassam Marshoud

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:15

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  21. Content type: Review

    In the ongoing conflicts of Syria and Yemen, there have been widespread reports of attacks on health care facilities and personnel. Tabulated evidence does suggest hospital bombings in Syria and Yemen are far ...

    Authors: Carolyn Briody, Leonard Rubenstein, Les Roberts, Eamon Penney, William Keenan and Jeffrey Horbar

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:19

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    The Letter to the Editor to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2018 12:47

  22. Content type: Research

    Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are immediate priorities for human survival and dignity in emergencies. In 2010, > 90% of Syrians had access to improved drinking water. In 2011, armed conflict began and ...

    Authors: Mustafa Sikder, Umar Daraz, Daniele Lantagne and Roberto Saltori

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:17

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  23. Content type: Short report

    Evidence of use of toxic gas chemical weapons in the Syrian war has been reported by governmental and non-governmental international organizations since the war started in March 2011. To date, the profiles of ...

    Authors: Jose M. Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin-Samuel Schlüter and Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:16

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  24. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Recent trends and research suggest health conditions of the Syrian refugees in Lebanon are deteriorating. The following case study highlights some of the problems that refugees encounter seeking health care se...

    Authors: Salim M. Saiyed, John Kahler and Mutaz Kalabani

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:14

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  25. Content type: Case study

    The main causes of death during population movements can be prevented by addressing the population’s basic needs. In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a framework for decision making to help pri...

    Authors: Monica Rull, Sophie Masson, Nicolas Peyraud, Marco Simonelli, Alexandre Ventura, Claire Dorion, Francisco J. Luquero, Florent Uzzeni and Iza Cigleneki

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:11

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  26. Content type: Research

    Monitoring and evaluation of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programs is critical to facilitating learning and providing accountability to stakeholders. As part of an inter-agency effort to deve...

    Authors: Jura L. Augustinavicius, M. Claire Greene, Daniel P. Lakin and Wietse A. Tol

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:9

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  27. Content type: Research

    Refugees living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa suffer unique hardships that may increase their vulnerability to interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART).

    Authors: Kelli N. O’Laughlin, Shada A. Rouhani, Julius Kasozi, Kelsy E. Greenwald, Nicholas R. Perkons, Zikama M. Faustin, Ingrid V. Bassett and Norma C. Ware

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:7

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  28. Content type: Research

    Following decades of armed conflict, Colombia remains highly affected by explosive device (ED) contamination, especially in rural areas. Many victims are injured by EDs despite knowing their dangers. Determini...

    Authors: Andrew T. Boyd, Kristin Becknell, Steven Russell, Curtis Blanton, Susan T. Cookson, Oleg O. Bilukha and Mark Anderson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:4

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  29. Content type: Short report

    Humanitarian aid workers caring for Syrian refugees face major stressors as they attend to refugees’ needs on the field. Without adequate psychosocial support, evidence has shown that fieldworkers experience h...

    Authors: Zeina Chemali, Hannah Smati, Kelsey Johnson, Christina P. C. Borba and Gregory L. Fricchione

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:8

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  30. Content type: Debate

    The repeated use of prohibited chemical weapons in the Syrian conflict poses serious health, humanitarian, and security threats to civilians, healthcare personnel, and first responders. Moreover, the use of ch...

    Authors: Julia Brooks, Timothy B. Erickson, Stephanie Kayden, Raul Ruiz, Stephen Wilkinson and Frederick M. Burkle Jr

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:12

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  31. Content type: Research

    Sexual violence is associated with a multitude of poor physical, emotional, and social outcomes. Despite reports of stigma by sexual violence survivors, limited evidence exists on effective strategies to reduc...

    Authors: S. M. Murray, J. Augustinavicius, D. Kaysen, D. Rao, L. K. Murray, K. Wachter, J. Annan, K. Falb, P. Bolton and J. K. Bass

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:1

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  32. Content type: Research

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant problem in conflict-affected settings. Understanding local constructions of such violence is crucial to developing preventive and responsive interventions to addres...

    Authors: Alastair Ager, Carolyn Bancroft, Elizabeth Berger and Lindsay Stark

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:10

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  33. Content type: Methodology

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant issue for women and girls in humanitarian settings. Innovative primary prevention programs are being developed and implemented with existing response programs to ch...

    Authors: N. Glass, N. Perrin, A. Clough, A. Desgroppes, F. N. Kaburu, J. Melton, A. Rink, S. Read-Hamilton and M. Marsh

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:5

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  34. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The number of refugees arriving in Europe increased dramatically in 2015, challenging the German health system. Amongst others, the treatment of infectious diseases is an important topic in refugee healthcare....

    Authors: Fabian Kahl and Thomas Kühlein

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:3

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  35. Content type: Research

    Provision of Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (EmONC) reduces maternal mortality and should include three components: Basic Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (BEmONC) offered at primary care level, Co...

    Authors: Daphne Lagrou, Rony Zachariah, Karen Bissell, Catherine Van Overloop, Masood Nasim, Hamsaya Nikyar Wagma, Shafiqa Kakar, Séverine Caluwaerts, Eva De Plecker, Renzo Fricke and Rafael Van den Bergh

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2018 12:2

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  36. Content type: Research

    The Syrian armed conflict is the worst humanitarian tragedy this century. With approximately 470,000 deaths and more than 13 million people displaced, the conflict continues to have a devastating impact on the...

    Authors: Emma Diggle, Wilhelmina Welsch, Richard Sullivan, Gerbrand Alkema, Abdihamid Warsame, Mais Wafai, Mohammed Jasem, Abdulkarim Ekzayez, Rachael Cummings and Preeti Patel

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:33

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  37. Content type: Research

    The combination of global demographic changes and a growing number of humanitarian crises in middle-income countries that have a higher life expectancy has led to an increase in the number of older populations...

    Authors: Emma Massey, James Smith and Bayard Roberts

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:29

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  38. Content type: Research

    While the conditions in emergency humanitarian and conflict-affected settings often result in significant sex work economies, there is limited information on the social and structural conditions of sex work in...

    Authors: Alyssa Ferguson, Kate Shannon, Jennifer Butler and Shira M. Goldenberg

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:25

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  39. Content type: Research

    Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda’s response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify...

    Authors: Jennifer J. Palmer, Okello Robert and Freddie Kansiime

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:22

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  40. Content type: Research

    Despite increasing efforts to expand availability of mental health services throughout the world, there continues to be limited utilization of these services by persons with mental illness and their families. ...

    Authors: Prasansa Subba, Nagendra P. Luitel, Brandon A. Kohrt and Mark J. D. Jordans

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:28

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  41. Content type: Short report

    Delivery of effective mental health and psychosocial support programs requires knowledge of existing health systems and socio-cultural context. To respond rapidly to humanitarian emergencies, international org...

    Authors: M. Claire Greene, Mark J. D. Jordans, Brandon A. Kohrt, Peter Ventevogel, Laurence J. Kirmayer, Ghayda Hassan, Anna Chiumento, Mark van Ommeren and Wietse A. Tol

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11:21

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  42. Content type: Research

    Recent reports have suggested that child marriage among Syrians may be increasing as a result of displacement and conflict. This study sought to gather qualitative data about the factors that promote child mar...

    Authors: Rima Mourtada, Jennifer Schlecht and Jocelyn DeJong

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):27

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

  43. Content type: Research

    The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. Wh...

    Authors: Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M. Fouad, Seema Manohar and Courtland Robinson

    Citation: Conflict and Health 2017 11(Suppl 1):23

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 11 Supplement 1

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