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  1. The 2013–2016 West Africa Ebola Epidemic is the largest outbreak of Ebola in history. By September, 2014 the outbreak was worsening significantly, and the international president of Médecins Sans Frontières ca...

    Authors: Samuel T. Boland, Dina Balabanova and Susannah Mayhew
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:53
  2. This study evaluated adolescents' mental health their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about mental health conditions, and their access to critical mental health services in Lira District, northern Uganda. Th...

    Authors: Heather Wipfli, Kyra Guy, Abigail Kim, Peninah Tumuhimbise and Kenneth Odur
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:52
  3. Colombia has experienced decades of conflict between the government and non-state actors. Attacks on healthcare have been a grave but regular facet of that violence. In response, the Misión Médica (MM) program...

    Authors: Katerina Crawford☥, Tatiana Florez☥, Mario Rodriguez, Lendy Cirado, Róisín Read and Rohini Haar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:51
  4. Since 2019 Lebanon has faced multiple compounded crises. Political and social instability, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the Beirut Port explosion, alongside the influx of refugees related to the ongoing Syrian c...

    Authors: Philomena Raftery, Jinan Usta, Ligia Kiss, Jennifer Palmer and Mazeda Hossain
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:50
  5. Consideration for men as survivors of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict settings has gained some prominence in the last decade. There remains a paucity of empirical data on forms of sexual violence...

    Authors: Tosin Olaluwoye, Elizabeth Hoban and Joanne Williams
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:49
  6. Attacks on healthcare in armed conflict have far-reaching impacts on the personal and professional lives of health workers, as well as the communities they serve. Despite this, even in protracted conflicts suc...

    Authors: Aula Abbara, Diana Rayes, Hannah Tappis, Mohamed Hamze, Reham Wais, Hesham Alahmad, Naser Almhawish, Leonard Rubenstein and Rohini Haar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:48
  7. Access to basic health services, notably child health services, is severely hampered by the armed conflict in Tigray, North Ethiopia. Little is known regarding the impacts of the armed conflict during the war ...

    Authors: Mache Tsadik, Hailay Gebretnsae, Asefa Ayalew, Akeza Awealom Asgedom, Aregawi Gebreyesus, Tigist Hagos, Marta Abrha, Kiros Weldegerima, Birikti Abrha, Gelawdiwos Gebre, Mulubrhan Hagos, Rie Esayas, Mezgebe Gebregeorgis, Hailay Abrha Gesesew and Afework Mulugeta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:47
  8. Northwest Syria (NWS) is a conflict area with challenging political, economic, demographic and social dynamics. The region has a high number of internally displaced persons with increasingly disrupted delivery...

    Authors: Ibrahim R. Bou-Orm, Marianne Moussallem, Joelle Karam, Manuel deLara, Vinod Varma, Karin Diaconu, Murat Can Birand Apaydin, Rafael Van den Bergh, Alastair Ager and Sophie Witter
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:46
  9. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented challenges to healthcare workers (HCWs) around the world. The healthcare system in Lebanon was already under pressure due to economic instability and political u...

    Authors: Linda Abou-Abbas, Rana Nasrallah, Sally Yaacoub, Jessica Yohana Ramirez Mendoza and Mahmoud Al Wais
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:45
  10. Health Care Workers (HCWs) in conflict zones face high levels of violence while also playing a crucial role in assisting the population in distress. For more than two decades, the eastern provinces of the Demo...

    Authors: Samuel Lwamushi Makali, Jean Corneille Lembebu, Raïssa Boroto, Christian Chiribagula Zalinga, Daniella Bugugu, Emmanuel Lurhangire, Bigirinama Rosine, Christine Chimanuka, Pacifique Mwene-Batu, Christian Molima, Jessica Ramirez Mendoza, Giovanfrancesco Ferrari, Sonja Merten and Ghislain Bisimwa
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:44
  11. The ongoing armed conflict in Sudan has resulted in a deepening humanitarian crisis with significant implications for the country's health system, threatening its collapse. This article examines the destructio...

    Authors: Alaa Dafallah, Osman K. O. Elmahi, Maisoon Elbukhari Ibrahim, Rania Elfatih Elsheikh and Karl Blanchet
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:43
  12. Refugees are prone to higher risks of injury due to often austere living conditions, social and economic disadvantages, and limited access to health care services in host countries. This study aims to systemat...

    Authors: Samar Al-Hajj, Moustafa Moustafa, Majed El Hechi, Mohamad A. Chahrour, Ali A. Nasrallah and Haytham Kaafarani
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:42
  13. There has been little documentation of the large networks of community health workers that contributed to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) surveillance during the 2018–2020 Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) epidemic...

    Authors: Jennifer OKeeffe, Emi Takahashi, John Otokoye Otshudiema, Emile Malembi, Célestin Ndaliko, Nathanaël Mutimatonda Munihire, Grazia Caleo and Antonio Isidro Carrion Martin
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:41
  14. Evidence on patterns of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and how to effectively deliver services to address AOD use in humanitarian settings is limited. This study aimed to qualitatively explore the patterns o...

    Authors: Stephanie Haddad, Mbaita Shawa, Jeremy C. Kane, Bertha Bwalya, Megan Sienkiewicz, Grace Kilbane, Veronica Chibemba, Princess Chiluba, Nkumbu Mtongo, Kristina Metz, Mildred Chibwe, Namuchana Mushabati, Allan Zulu, Ravi Paul, Zaliwe Banda, Henry Loongo…
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:40
  15. Implementation science scholars argue that knowing ‘what works’ in public health is insufficient to change practices, without understanding ‘how’, ‘where’ and ‘why’ something works. In the peer reviewed litera...

    Authors: Enrica Leresche, Mazeda Hossain, Maria Livia De Rubeis, Veerle Hermans, Doris Burtscher, Rodolfo Rossi, Cordelia Lonsdale and Neha S. Singh
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:39
  16. Adverse socio-cultural factors compromise the implementation of HIV prevention strategies among displaced youth. While condoms are an affordable and effective HIV prevention strategy for youth, stigma and ineq...

    Authors: Moses Okumu, Carmen H. Logie, Anissa S. Chitwanga, Robert Hakiza and Peter Kyambadde
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:38
  17. In developing nations with fragile healthcare systems, the effect of war is likely to be much worse than it would be in more developed countries. The presence of COVID-19 will also likely exacerbate the war’s ...

    Authors: Hiluf Ebuy Abraha, Mengistu Hagazi Tequare, Hale Teka, Micheal Berhe Gebremedhin, Kibrom Gebreselassie Desta, Mohamedawel Mohamedniguss Ebrahim, Awol Yemane, Sintayehu Misgina Gebremariam, Kibrom Berhanu Gebresilassie, Tesfay Hailu Tekle, Mussie Tesfay Atsbaha, Ephrem Berhe, Bereket Berhe, Derbew Fikadu Berhe, Mulugeta Gebregziabher and L. Lewis Wall
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:37
  18. The ongoing war in Yemen has created a severe and protracted crisis that has left nearly three-quarters of the population in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Despite eight years of conflict there exist ...

    Authors: Catherine R. McGowan, Mervat Alhaffar, Promise Ekoriko, Sawsan Al-Refai, Jamal Badr, Lucy Bell and Francesco Checchi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:36
  19. The Syrian crisis, followed by a financial crisis, port explosion, and COVID-19, have put enormous strain on Lebanon’s health system. Syrian refugees and the vulnerable host population have a high burden of No...

    Authors: Claudia Truppa, Éimhín Ansbro, Ruth Willis, Carla Zmeter, Aya El Khatib, Bayard Roberts, Sigiriya Aebischer Perone and Pablo Perel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:35
  20. In conflict-affected settings, access to primary healthcare for displaced populations is constrained by multiple challenges. These include geographical, cultural, communication, logistical and financial barrie...

    Authors: Lundi-Anne Omam, Elizabeth Jarman, Kelli N. O’Laughlin and Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:34
  21. Evidence on effectiveness of user fee exemption policies targeting maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services is limited for conflict-affected settings. In Burkina Faso, a country that has had its fai...

    Authors: Marie-Jeanne Offosse, Cephas Avoka, Pierre Yameogo, Astrid Raissa Manli, Aude Goumbri, Ejemai Eboreime, Matt Boxshall and Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:33
  22. A health system has three key stakeholders, the State—at national and subnational levels—the health service providers and the citizens. In most settings and especially in peacetime, these stakeholders are typi...

    Authors: Elliot Brennan and Seye Abimbola
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:31
  23. Strengthening health systems in conflict-affected settings has become increasingly professionalised. However, evaluation remains challenging and often insufficiently documented in the literature. Many, particu...

    Authors: Manar Marzouk, Anna Durrance-Bagale, Sze Tung Lam, Michiko Nagashima-Hayashi, Mengieng Ung, Zeenathnisa Mougammadou Aribou, Ayshath Zaseela, Nafeesah Mohamed Ibrahim, Sunanda Agarwal, Maryam Omar, Sanjida Newaz, Hala Mkhallalati and Natasha Howard
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:30
  24. Healthcare is a basic human right extending across all humanitarian contexts, including conflict. Globally, two billion people are living under conditions of insecurity and violent armed conflict with a conseq...

    Authors: Chiu-Yi Lin, Kristen Meagher, Martin Bricknell, Preeti Patel, Nassim El Achi, Tezer Kutluk, Richard Harding, Hanna Kienzler, Rita Giacaman, Deborah Mukherji, Omar Shamieh and Richard Sullivan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:29
  25. The Taliban takeover in August 2021 brought global economic sanctions, economic collapse, and draconian restrictions on women’s freedom of movement, work, political participation, and education. This study exa...

    Authors: Nancy Glass, Rabia Jalalzai, Paul Spiegel and Leonard Rubenstein
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:28

    The Correction to this article has been published in Conflict and Health 2023 17:32

  26. The WHO Non-Communicable Diseases Kit (NCDK) was developed to support care for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in humanitarian settings. Targeting primary healthcare, each kit contains medicines and supplies ...

    Authors: Ahmad Hecham Alani, Laura Miller, Bhavika Darji, Isaac Waweru, Aston Benjamin Atwiine, Marcello Tonelli, Joseph Lou Kenyi Mogga, Ali Adams, Lilian Ndinda, Said Jongo and Lilian Kiapi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:27
  27. The war in Tigray, North Ethiopia which started in November 2020, has destroyed decades of the region’s healthcare success. There is some emerging published evidence on attacks on health care in the region, an...

    Authors: Hailay Gesesew, Hafte Kebede, Kenfe Berhe, Nelsensius Fauk and Paul Ward
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:26
  28. Community Health Workers (CHWs) provide vital services during disease outbreaks. Appropriate burials of those who died from an infectious disease outbreak is a critical CHW function to prevent infection and di...

    Authors: Hana Zwick, Marc Salama Asobee, Isabeaux Kennedy Mitton, Jennifer Headley and David E. Eagle
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:25
  29. Despite increasing evidence on COVID-19, few studies have been conducted in humanitarian settings and none have investigated the direct and indirect effects of the pandemic in the Central African Republic. We ...

    Authors: Chiara Altare, Natalya Kostandova, Gbètoho Fortuné Gankpe, Patricia Nalimo, Abdoul Azizi Almoustapha Abaradine, Sophie Bruneau, Caroline Antoine and Paul B. Spiegel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:24
  30. Protracted, internal conflicts with geographic variations within countries, are an important understudied community exposure for adverse child health outcomes.

    Authors: Pritha Chatterjee, Jarvis Chen, Aisha Yousafzai, Ichiro Kawachi and S. V. Subramanian
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:23
  31. Exposure to armed conflicts result in strongly adverse and often irreversible short- and long-term effects which may transmit across generations. Armed conflicts directly cause food insecurity and starvation b...

    Authors: Aregawi Weldegebreal Weldegiargis, Haftom Temesgen Abebe, Hiluf Ebuy Abraha, Meron Micheale Abrha, Tsegay Berihu Tesfay, Rieye Esayas Belay, Alemnesh Abraha Araya, Mengish Bahresilassie Gebregziabher, Hagos Godefay and Afework Mulugeta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:22
  32. CAR is one of the poorest countries in the world. While UN statistics suggest that there is no health emergency in the country, two recently published mortality surveys contradict this. Moreover, recent accusa...

    Authors: Karume Baderha Augustin Gang, Jennifer O’Keeffe, Anonymous and Les Roberts
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:21
  33. Forced displacement is a crucial determinant of poor health. With 31 people displaced every minute worldwide, this is an important global issue. Addressing this, the Participation Revolution workstream from th...

    Authors: Jennifer Benson, Tilman Brand, Lara Christianson and Meret Lakeberg
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:20
  34. The ongoing violent conflict in Northern Ethiopia has caused displacement, death, and destruction. Health services infrastructure became one of the primary victims of the war, leaving millions unable to access...

    Authors: Meskerem Aleka Kebede, Andualem Beyene, Nurhusen Kedir, Bethelhem Abegaz and Rocco Friebel
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:19
  35. There is growing interest on how social capital and related social environmental factors impact overall population health and well-being. The nature of asylum-seekers’ social environment alters once they migra...

    Authors: Maria De Jesus, Bronwyn Warnock, Zoubida Moumni, Zara Hassan Sougui and Lionel Pourtau
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:18
  36. While trauma exposure is an established predictor of poor mental health among humanitarian aid workers (HAWs), less is known about the role of psychosocial work-related factors. This study aims to establish a ...

    Authors: Cheryl Yunn Shee Foo, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Yexinyu Yang and Helen Verdeli
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:17
  37. In the Central African Republic (CAR), HIV/AIDS is the main cause of death in women aged 15–49 years. Increased testing coverage is essential in prevention of HIV/AIDS, especially in areas where conflict hinde...

    Authors: Mari Nythun Utheim, Petros Isaakidis, Rafael Van den Bergh, Bantas Bata Ghislain Géraud, Rodrigue Biguioh Mabvouna, Tone Kristin Omsland, Espen Heen and Cecilie Dahl
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:14
  38. During the Covid-19 epidemic, the increased number of people seeking medical attention worsened hospital shortages. This shortage required reallocating the workforce, personal protective equipment (PPE), medic...

    Authors: Mousa Atary and Niveen M. E. Abu-Rmeileh
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:13
  39. Northwest Syria (NWS) is a complex and extremely fragile operating environment, with more than 2.8 million people needing humanitarian assistance. To support a common standard of care delivery and enable coord...

    Authors: Sophie Witter, Karin Diaconu, Ibrahim Bou-Orm, Zeina Jamal, Zubin Cyrus Shroff, Abdulbaki Mahmoud, Mahmoud Daher and Vinod Varma
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:12
  40. Malnutrition remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality amongst children in displaced settings. Nutrition at this stage is crucial for the growth and development of the child. It is estimated that 41 mil...

    Authors: Ayuk Betrand Tambe, Mbah Larissa Akeh, Nicholas Tendongfor, Thembekile Dhlamini, Given Chipili and Xikombiso Mbhenyane
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:11
  41. Armed conflicts greatly affect the health, nutrition, and food security of conflict affected settings particularly children. However, no empirical data exist regarding context specific factors contributing tow...

    Authors: Gebretsadkan Gebremedhin Gebretsadik, Mahlet Abraha, Tedros Bereket, Ferehiwot Hailemariam, Freweini Gebrearegay, Tigist Hagos, Mizan Assefa, Kidanemaryam Berhe, Hadush Gebregziabher, Amaha Kahsay Adhanu, Mekonnen Haileselassie, Mulugeta Gebregziabher and Afework Mulugeta
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:10
  42. Humanitarian health assistance programmes have expanded from temporary approaches addressing short-term needs to providing long-term interventions in emergency settings. Measuring sustainability of humanitaria...

    Authors: Henry Komakech, Christopher Garimoi Orach and Lynn M. Atuyambe
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:9
  43. Populations affected by armed conflict and other humanitarian crises are at elevated risk for mental health problems. While the COVID-19 pandemic has had broadly deleterious effects on livelihoods, economic we...

    Authors: Andrea Armijos, Annie G. Bonz, Felicity L. Brown, Danielle Charlet, Flora Cohen, M. Claire Greene, Sabrina Hermosilla, Leah E. James and Karine Le Roch
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:7
  44. This study assessed the timeliness and completeness of disease surveillance data for early warning of the cholera outbreak during the socio-political crisis of Southwest Cameroon in 2018. It determined how rou...

    Authors: Reine Suzanne Mengue Kadia, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Christian Akem Dimala and Andrew E. Collins
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:6
  45. Thalassaemia affects many families in Northeast Syria, an area devastated by over a decade of conflict which has significantly impacted their health system. People with thalassaemia require holistic multidisci...

    Authors: Sally MacVinish, Crystal van Leeuwen, Maartje Hoetjes, Yoshihiro Aoki, Deirdre Foley and Harriet Roggeveen
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:5
  46. In Syria, disruption to water and sanitation systems, together with poor access to vaccination, forced displacement and overcrowding contribute to increases in waterborne diseases (WBDs). The aim of this study...

    Authors: Ruby Tabor, Naser Almhawish, Ibrahim Aladhan, Maia Tarnas, Richard Sullivan, Nabil Karah, Mark Zeitoun, Ruwan Ratnayake and Aula Abbara
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2023 17:4

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