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  1. Access to health services in Afghanistan has expanded in the last decade; however, gaps in care quality and outcomes of care remain a challenge. Recognizing these gaps, in 2009 the USAID Health Care Improvemen...

    Authors: Mirwais Rahimzai, Ahmad Jan Naeem, Silvia Holschneider and Ahmad Kamran Hekmati
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:21
  2. Definitions of fragile states focus on state willingness and capacity to ensure security and provide essential services, including health. Conventional analyses and subsequent policies that focus on state-deli...

    Authors: Peter S Hill, Enrico Pavignani, Markus Michael, Maurizio Murru and Mark E Beesley
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:20
  3. The evolving concept of peace-building and the interplay between peace and health is examined in many venues, including at the World Health Assembly. However, without a metric to determine effectiveness of int...

    Authors: Howard Zucker, Roy Ahn, Samuel Justin Sinclair, Mark Blais, Brett D Nelson and Thomas F Burke
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:17
  4. Fragile and Conflict Affected States present difficult contexts to achieve health system outcomes and are neglected in health systems research. This report presents key debates from the Consultation of the Col...

    Authors: Joanna Raven, Tim Martineau, Eleanor MacPherson, Amuda Baba Dieu-Merci, Sarah Ssali, Steve Torr and Sally Theobald
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:15
  5. The rising global burden of forced migration due to armed conflict is increasingly recognised as an important issue in global health. Forced migrants are at a greater risk of developing mental disorders. Howev...

    Authors: Chesmal Siriwardhana, Shirwa Sheik Ali, Bayard Roberts and Robert Stewart
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:13
  6. The aim of this paper is to explore women’s perceptions of the causes of intimate partner violence (IPV) in West Africa, and the ways in which they understand these causes to interact with the experiences of war.

    Authors: Rebecca Horn, Eve S Puffer, Elisabeth Roesch and Heidi Lehmann
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:12
  7. It is recognized that decisions taken in the early recovery period may affect the development of health systems. Additionally, some suggest that the immediate post-conflict period may allow for the opening of ...

    Authors: Maria Paola Bertone, Mohamed Samai, Joseph Edem-Hotah and Sophie Witter
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:11
  8. Gender-based violence (GBV) is prevalent among, though not specific to, conflict affected populations and related to multifarious levels of vulnerability of conflict and displacement. Colombia has been marked ...

    Authors: Andrea L Wirtz, Kiemanh Pham, Nancy Glass, Saskia Loochkartt, Teemar Kidane, Decssy Cuspoca, Leonard S Rubenstein, Sonal Singh and Alexander Vu
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:10
  9. Although measles mortality has declined dramatically in Sub-Saharan Africa, measles remains a major public health problem in countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Here, we describe the large m...

    Authors: Silvia Mancini, Matthew E Coldiron, Axelle Ronsse, Benoît Kebela Ilunga, Klaudia Porten and Rebecca F Grais
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:9
  10. Over 40% of all deaths among children under 5 are neonatal deaths (0–28 days), and this proportion is increasing. In 2012, 2.9 million newborns died, with 99% occurring in low- and middle-income countries. Man...

    Authors: Diane F Morof, Kate Kerber, Barbara Tomczyk, Joy Lawn, Curtis Blanton, Samira Sami and Ribka Amsalu
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:8
  11. Human security shifts traditional concepts of security from interstate conflict and the absence of war to the security of the individual. Broad definitions of human security include livelihoods and food securi...

    Authors: Parveen Kaur Parmar, Pooja Agrawal, Ravi Goyal, Jennifer Scott and P Gregg Greenough
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:6
  12. Reintegration programs are commonly offered to former combatants and abductees to acquire civilian status and support services to reintegrate into post-conflict society. Among a group of young female abductees...

    Authors: Katherine A Muldoon, Godfrey Muzaaya, Theresa S Betancourt, Mirriam Ajok, Monica Akello, Zaira Petruf, Paul Nguyen, Erin K Baines and Kate Shannon
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:5
  13. The final months of the conflict in Sri Lanka in 2009 resulted in massive displacement of the civilian population and a high volume of orthopedic trauma including spinal cord injury. In response to this need, ...

    Authors: Jo C Armstrong, Brooke E Nichols, Joan M Wilson, Roy A Cosico and Leslie Shanks
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:4
  14. Afghanistan has faced health consequences of war including those due to displacement of populations, breakdown of health and social services, and increased risks of disease transmission for over three decades....

    Authors: Khaled Seddiq, Donald A Enarson, Karam Shah, Zaeem Haq and Wasiq M Khan
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:3
  15. The editors of Conflict and Health would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal from Volume 1 (2007) to Volume 7 (2013).

    Authors: Olivier Degomme, Ruwan Ratnayake and Bayard Roberts
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:1
  16. Following the contested national elections in 2007, violence occurred throughout Kenya. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, characteristics, and health consequences of the 2007–2008 elect...

    Authors: Kirsten Johnson, Jennifer Scott, Treny Sasyniuk, David Ndetei, Michael Kisielewski, Shada Rouhani, Susan Bartels, Victoria Mutiso, Anne Mbwayo, David Rae and Lynn Lawry
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2014 8:2
  17. Widespread violence followed the 2007 presidential elections in Kenya resulting in the deaths of a reported 1,133 people and the displacement of approximately 660,000 others. At the time of the crisis the Unit...

    Authors: Suzanne Goodrich, Samson Ndege, Sylvester Kimaiyo, Hosea Some, Juddy Wachira, Paula Braitstein, John E Sidle, Jackline Sitienei, Regina Owino, Cleophas Chesoli, Catherine Gichunge, Fanice Komen, Claris Ojwang, Edwin Sang, Abraham Siika and Kara Wools-Kaloustian
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:25
  18. Communities in South Sudan have endured decades of conflict. Protracted conflict exacerbated reproductive health disparities and gender inequities. This study, conducted prior to the country’s 2011 independenc...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Sarah Averbach, Anna Merport Modest, Michele Hacker, Sarah Cornish, Danielle Spencer, Maureen Murphy and Parveen Parmar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:24
  19. Mental health problems, particularly anxiety and mood disorders, are prevalent in the setting of humanitarian emergencies, both natural and man-made disasters. Evidence regarding best strategies for therapeuti...

    Authors: Matthew E Coldiron, Augusto E Llosa, Thomas Roederer, German Casas and Marie-Rose Moro
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:23
  20. The long lasting resilience of individuals and communities affected by mass violence has not been given equal prominence as their suffering. This has often led to psychosocial interventions in post-conflict zo...

    Authors: Eliana B Suarez
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:21
  21. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) provides individual counselling interventions in medical humanitarian programmes in contexts affected by conflict and violence. Although mental health and psychosocial interventi...

    Authors: Leslie Shanks, Cono Ariti, M Ruby Siddiqui, Giovanni Pintaldi, Sarah Venis, Kaz de Jong and Marise Denault
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:19
  22. Around 3% of the world’s population (n = 214 million people) has crossed international borders for various reasons. Since March 2011, Syria has been going through state of political crisis and instability resu...

    Authors: Ziad El-Khatib, David Scales, Jo Vearey and Birger C Forsberg
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:18
  23. Thousands of former child soldiers who were abducted during the prolonged conflict in northern Uganda have returned to their home communities. Programmes that facilitate their successful reintegration continue...

    Authors: Sheetal Patel, Martin T Schechter, Nelson K Sewankambo, Stella Atim, Charles Oboya, Noah Kiwanuka and Patricia M Spittal
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:17
  24. Sexual and other forms of gender-based violence are common in conflict settings and are known risk factors for mental health and psychosocial wellbeing. We present findings from a systematic review of the acad...

    Authors: Wietse A Tol, Vivi Stavrou, M Claire Greene, Christina Mergenthaler, Mark van Ommeren and Claudia García Moreno
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:16
  25. In conflict and disaster settings, medical personnel are exposed to psychological stressors that threaten their wellbeing and increase their risk of developing burnout, depression, anxiety, and PTSD. As lay me...

    Authors: Andrew George Lim, Lawrence Stock, Eh Kalu Shwe Oo and Douglas P Jutte
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:15
  26. Sexual assault is a threat to public health in refugee and conflict affected settings, placing survivors at risk for unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion, STIs, HIV, psychological trauma, and social stigma. I...

    Authors: Janel R Smith, Lara S Ho, Anne Langston, Neha Mankani, Anjuli Shivshanker and Dhammika Perera
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:14
  27. High levels of gender-based violence (GBV) persist among conflict-affected populations and within humanitarian settings and are paralleled by under-reporting and low service utilization. Novel and evidence-bas...

    Authors: Andrea L Wirtz, Nancy Glass, Kiemanh Pham, Amsale Aberra, Leonard S Rubenstein, Sonal Singh and Alexander Vu
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:13
  28. Given the challenges to ensuring facility-based care in conflict settings, the Women’s Refugee Commission and partners have been pursuing a community-based approach to providing medical care to survivors of se...

    Authors: Mihoko Tanabe, Keely Robinson, Catherine I Lee, Jen A Leigh, Eh May Htoo, Naw Integer and Sandra K Krause
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:12
  29. Civil wars are characterized by intense forms of violence, such as torture, maiming and rape. Political scientists suggest that this form of political violence is fostered through the provision of particular i...

    Authors: Roos Haer, Lilli Banholzer, Thomas Elbert and Roland Weierstall
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:11
  30. The proliferation of nuclear technology in the politically volatile Middle East greatly increases the likelihood of a catastrophic nuclear war. It is widely accepted, while not openly declared, that Israel has...

    Authors: Cham E Dallas, William C Bell, David J Stewart, Antonio Caruso and Frederick M Burkle Jr
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:10
  31. Former combatants have frequently reported that aggressive behaviour can be appetitive and appealing. This appetitive aggression (AA) may be adaptive for survival in a violent environment, as it is associated ...

    Authors: Roland Weierstall, Claudia Patricia Bueno Castellanos, Frank Neuner and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:9
  32. A low-intensity armed conflict has been occurring for nearly a decade in southernmost region of Thailand. However, its impact on child health has not yet been investigated. This study aimed to estimate the pre...

    Authors: Rohani Jeharsae, Rassamee Sangthong, Wit Wichaidit and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:8
  33. Due to the armed conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s many families escaped to other countries. The main goal of this study was to explore in more detail the complexity of various family members’ experiences ...

    Authors: Gunilla Jarkman Björn, Per A Gustafsson, Gunilla Sydsjö and Carina Berterö
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:7
  34. The 1994 genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda left about one million people dead in a period of only three months. The present study aimed to examine the level of trauma exposure, psychopathology, and risk factors ...

    Authors: Heide Rieder and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:6
  35. Nepal is one of the post-conflict countries affected by violence from explosive devices. We undertook this study to assess the magnitude of injuries due to intentional explosions in Nepal during 2008-2011 and ...

    Authors: Oleg O Bilukha, Kristin Becknell, Hugues Laurenge, Luhar Danee and Krishna P Subedi
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:5
  36. Following decades of conflict, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in 2011. Prolonged conflict, which included gender-based violence (GBV), exacerbated gender disparities. This study aimed to assess att...

    Authors: Jennifer Scott, Sarah Averbach, Anna Merport Modest, Michele R Hacker, Sarah Cornish, Danielle Spencer, Maureen Murphy and Parveen Parmar
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:4
  37. Concepts of ‘what constitutes mental illness’, the presumed aetiology and preferred treatment options, vary considerably from one cultural context to another. Knowledge and understanding of these local concept...

    Authors: Peter Ventevogel, Mark Jordans, Ria Reis and Joop de Jong
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:3
  38. Recent initiatives by international health and humanitarian aid organizations have focused increased attention on making HIV testing services more widely available to vulnerable populations. To realize potenti...

    Authors: Kelli N O’Laughlin, Shada A Rouhani, Zikama M Faustin and Norma C Ware
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:2
  39. Following a rapid influx of over 200,000 displaced Somalis into the Dadaab refugee camp complex in Kenya, Médecins Sans Frontières conducted a mortality and nutrition survey of the population living in Bulo Ba...

    Authors: Jonathan A Polonsky, Axelle Ronsse, Iza Ciglenecki, Monica Rull and Klaudia Porten
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2013 7:1
  40. Exposure to violence in general and to armed conflict in particular has been consistently associated with an increased prevalence of mental illness. Colombia has sustained an internal armed conflict for decade...

    Authors: Alicia Londoño, Perla Romero and Germán Casas
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:12
  41. Despite the fact that the Colombian armed conflict has continued for almost five decades there is still very little information on how it affects the mental health of civilians. Although it is well established...

    Authors: Vaughan Bell, Fernanda Méndez, Carmen Martínez, Pedro Pablo Palma and Marc Bosch
    Citation: Conflict and Health 2012 6:10

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