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Table 7 Unadjusted odds ratios of vaccine receipt, community members only 

From: COVID-19 vaccination in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study of vaccine coverage, hesitancy, and associated risk factors among community members and healthcare workers

Characteristic OR (95% CI)a p value
Sex   < 0.001
 Female  
 Male 1.72 (1.37 to 2.16)  
Age   < 0.001
 18–39  
 40+ 1.31 (1.14 to 1.51)  
Highest education level   < 0.001
 Primary or none  
 Secondary or College/Vocational 1.27 (1.03 to 1.57)  
 University 2.12 (1.85 to 2.42)  
Have enough information about COVID-19 vaccine   < 0.001
 Yes  
 No or don't know 0.38 (0.28 to 0.52)  
Information needed   
 Eligibility criteria 1.07 (0.56 to 2.05) 0.83
 Timeline for vaccine roll-out 0.79 (0.60 to 1.04) 0.087
 Knowing when it's my turn to get the vaccine 0.42 (0.33 to 0.55) < 0.001
 Doses needed 0.72 (0.58 to 0.89) 0.003
 Risks and side effects 0.59 (0.30 to 1.15) 0.12
 Effectiveness of the vaccines 0.98 (0.69 to 1.39) 0.91
 How to register for the vaccine 0.61 (0.46 to 0.80) < 0.001
Common source of information about health and vaccines   
 Health care providers 1.49 (0.91 to 2.45) 0.12
 Community health care workers 1.29 (0.90 to 1.84) 0.17
 Radio 0.94 (0.70 to 1.24) 0.64
 Television 0.81 (0.55 to 1.20) 0.30
 Newspapers 1.71 (1.16 to 2.52) 0.007
 Mass events 0.25 (0.14 to 0.44) < 0.001
 Family 0.73 (0.55 to 0.98) 0.033
 Neighbors, friends, colleagues 0.55 (0.46 to 0.66) < 0.001
 Local leaders 1.82 (0.76 to 4.35) 0.18
 Religious leaders 2.04 (1.43 to 2.92) < 0.001
 Social media 1.01 (0.70 to 1.47) 0.94
 Organizations 2.35 (1.13 to 4.88) 0.022
Trusted source of information   
 Health care providers 1.54 (1.17 to 2.03) 0.002
 Community health care workers 1.23 (0.97 to 1.56) 0.088
 Radio 0.56 (0.37 to 0.84) 0.005
 Television 0.74 (0.46 to 1.19) 0.22
 Family members 0.80 (0.59 to 1.08) 0.14
 Neighbors, friends, colleagues 0.37 (0.16 to 0.87) 0.022
 Local leaders 0.90 (0.03 to 28.6) 0.95
 Religious leaders 0.98 (0.17 to 5.84) 0.99
 Media 0.59 (0.32 to 1.06) 0.077
 Organizations 2.05 (1.23 to 3.40) 0.006
 Other 0.88 (0.57 to 1.36) 0.57
Follow social media platforms to get info about vaccine   0.79
 No or don't know  
 Yes 1.06 (0.67 to 1.68)  
Social media platforms used to get info about vaccine 0.09 (0.01 to 0.64) 0.016
 Facebook 1.82 (1.23 to 2.70) 0.003
 Twitter 0.97 (0.72 to 1.32) 0.85
 Instagram 1.21 (1.00 to 1.45) 0.046
 YouTube   0.004
Shares information related to vaccine on social media network  
 No 2.20 (1.29 to 3.75)  
 Yes   0.60
How do you know info about vaccine from social media is true   < 0.001
 I do not verify  
 Other 2.27 (1.87 to 2.76)  
 Verify from reputable website or health care provider 3.08 (2.31 to 4.11)  
Think you can get seriously ill, hospitalized or die if you get COVID-19   < 0.001
 No  
 Don't know 0.88 (0.68 to 1.14)  
 Yes 0.93 (0.50 to 1.73)  
Consider COVID-19 vaccines safe   < 0.001
 No or don't know  
 Yes 15.4 (12.2 to 19.6)  
 Somewhat 5.46 (3.56 to 8.38)  
  1. Values in bold indicate statistically significant results at p value < 0.05
  2. aOR odds ratio, CI confidence interval