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Table 12 Factors associated with vaccine hesitancy, HCWs only

From: COVID-19 vaccination in the Gaza Strip: a cross-sectional study of vaccine coverage, hesitancy, and associated risk factors among community members and healthcare workers

Variable N Vaccine hesitant
No, N = 160a Yes, N = 9a p valueb
Have enough information about COVID-19 vaccine 169    0.73
 Yes   101 (63) 5 (56)  
 No or don't know   59 (37) 4 (44)  
Information needed 169    
 Eligibility criteria   35 (22) 3 (33) 0.42
 Timeline for vaccine roll-out   12 (7.5) 1 (11) 0.52
 When it's my turn to get the vaccine   13 (8.1) 1 (11) 0.55
 Doses needed   31 (19) 2 (22) 0.69
 Risks and side effects   106 (66) 9 (100) 0.059
 Effectiveness of the vaccines   106 (66) 7 (78) 0.72
 How to register for the vaccine   7 (4.4) 1 (11) 0.36
Common source of information about health and vaccines 169    
 Health care providers   132 (82) 6 (67) 0.37
 Community health care workers   45 (28) 3 (33) 0.71
 Radio   2 (1.2) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Television   14 (8.8) 1 (11) 0.58
 Newspapers   2 (1.2) 1 (11) 0.15
 Mass events   1 (0.6) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Family   3 (1.9) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Neighbors, friends, colleagues   4 (2.5) 1 (11) 0.24
 Local leaders   1 (0.6) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Religious leaders   2 (1.2) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Social media   51 (32) 5 (56) 0.16
 Organizations   59 (37) 2 (22) 0.49
Trusted source of information 169    
 Health care providers   118 (74) 5 (56) 0.26
 Community health care workers   30 (19) 2 (22) 0.68
 Local leaders   0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Religious leaders   0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Family members   0 (0) 1 (11) 0.053
 Neighbors, friends, colleagues   2 (1.2) 1 (11) 0.15
 Organizations   55 (34) 1 (11) 0.27
 Media   10 (6.2) 2 (22) 0.13
 Radio   2 (1.2) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Television   5 (3.1) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Other   15 (9.4) 1 (11) 0.60
Trust health providers and CHWs to provide with accurate information about the COVID-19 vaccine 169    < 0.001
 No or don't know   9 (5.6) 5 (56)  
 Yes   106 (66) 1 (11)  
 Somewhat   45 (28) 3 (33)  
Follow social media platforms to get info about vaccine 169    > 0.99
 No or don't know   42 (26) 2 (22)  
 Yes   118 (74) 7 (78)  
Social media platforms used to get info about vaccine 125    
 Facebook   114 (97) 7 (100) > 0.99
 Twitter   18 (15) 1 (14) > 0.99
 Instagram   38 (32) 2 (29) > 0.99
 YouTube   29 (25) 3 (43) 0.37
Shares information related to vaccine on social media network 166 53 (34) 1 (11) 0.27
How do you know info about vaccine from social media is true 168    0.034
 I do not verify   17 (11) 4 (44)  
 Other   11 (6.9) 0 (0)  
 Verify from reputable website or health care provider   131 (82) 5 (56)  
Do leaders (religious, political, teachers, health care workers) in your community support the COVID-19 vaccines? 107    > 0.99
 No or don't know   20 (19) 0 (0)  
 Yes   84 (81) 3 (100)  
Most people you know interested in getting the COVID-19 vaccine 169    0.072
 No or don't know   35 (22) 5 (56)  
 Yes   87 (54) 3 (33)  
 Somewhat   38 (24) 1 (11)  
How many people in your community are concerned about COVID-19 in the community 135    0.80
 Few or some people, less than half   50 (39) 2 (29)  
 Most people   37 (29) 3 (43)  
 Some people—more than half   41 (32) 2 (29)  
COVID-19 vaccines will or are being rolled out equitably in community 169    0.058
 No or don't know   40 (25) 5 (56)  
 Yes   120 (75) 4 (44)  
Knows somebody that had a serious negative reaction to a vaccine that makes them reluctant to get COVID-19 vaccine 167    0.049
 Yes   24 (15) 4 (44)  
 Somewhat   20 (13) 1 (11)  
 No or don't know   114 (72) 4 (44)  
Consider COVID-19 vaccines safe 169    < 0.001
 No or don't know   18 (11) 8 (89)  
 Yes   74 (46) 0 (0)  
 Somewhat   68 (42) 1 (11)  
Concerned about risks or side effects with COVID-19 vaccines 169    < 0.001
 No or don't know   75 (47) 1 (11)  
 Yes   42 (26) 8 (89)  
 Somewhat   43 (27) 0 (0)  
Types of risks or side effects concerned about 92    
 Fever   44 (52) 4 (50) > 0.99
 Body aches   55 (65) 4 (50) 0.45
 Infertility   16 (19) 3 (38) 0.35
 Physical disability   10 (12) 2 (25) 0.28
 Death   10 (12) 6 (75) < 0.001
 Other   18 (21) 4 (50) 0.090
Type of COVID vaccine preferred 169    0.35
 Other   0 (0) 0 (0)  
 No preference   16 (10) 2 (22)  
 Pfizer   93 (58) 3 (33)  
 Sputnik   40 (25) 4 (44)  
 Moderna   8 (5.0) 0 (0)  
 Unsure   3 (1.9) 0 (0)  
 Sinopharm   0 (0) 0 (0)  
Believe there are other (better) ways to prevent COVID-19 instead of vaccine 169    0.48
 No or don't know   79 (49) 3 (33)  
 Yes   52 (32) 5 (56)  
 Somewhat   29 (18) 1 (11)  
Better ways to prevent COVID-19 instead of vaccine 57    
 Social distance   45 (87) 3 (60) 0.17
 Handwashing   45 (87) 4 (80) 0.54
 Infection prevention and control   22 (42) 3 (60) 0.64
 Ventilation   18 (35) 2 (40) > 0.99
 Wearing face masks   42 (81) 4 (80) > 0.99
Know any person with a serious disease/disability that happened because they were NOT vaccinated 167    0.27
 Yes   52 (33) 1 (11)  
 No or don't know   106 (67) 8 (89)  
Think it is better to get COVID-19 and develop natural immunity than to get the vaccine 169    0.12
 No   87 (54) 2 (22)  
 Don't know   22 (14) 1 (11)  
 Yes   38 (24) 5 (56)  
 Somewhat   13 (8.1) 1 (11)  
Remember past events that would discourage them from getting COVID-19 vaccine 18    0.58
 Yes   1 (11) 3 (33)  
 No or don't know   8 (89) 6 (67)  
Think you are at risk to get COVID-19 168    0.63
 No   5 (3.1) 0 (0)  
 Don't know   11 (6.9) 1 (11)  
 Yes   143 (90) 8 (89)  
Think you can get seriously ill, hospitalize or die if you get COVID-19 169    > 0.99
 No   67 (42) 4 (44)  
 Don't know   53 (33) 3 (33)  
 Yes   40 (25) 2 (22)  
Barriers for receiving COVID-19 vaccine 18    
 Availability   0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Distance to vaccination point   1 (11) 1 (11) > 0.99
 Cost   0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Not a priority group   0 (0) 1 (11) > 0.99
 Lack of information about how/where to get it   1 (11) 2 (22) > 0.99
 Too stressful   1 (11) 0 (0) > 0.99
 Staff attitude   0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Not socially acceptable   0 (0) 1 (11) > 0.99
 None   1 (11) 0 (0) > 0.99
Would get/have gotten the vaccine if employer recommended 18    0.35
 No   3 (33) 5 (56)  
 Unsure   0 (0) 1 (11)  
 Yes   6 (67) 3 (33)  
  1. Values in bold indicate statistically significant results at p value < 0.05
  2. aFrequency (%)
  3. bFisher's exact test