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Table 4 Recommendations to enhance effectiveness of GBV coordination in diverse emergency settings

From: Gender-based violence (GBV) coordination in humanitarian and public health emergencies: a scoping review

Dimension of GBv coordination framework Recommendations Target groups
Implementing a GBV sub-cluster 1. Ensure funding of dedicated long-term GBV positions at frontline, national, and global levels, including during public health emergencies Donors, international & national GBV actors
2. Adapt guidance and tools developed by GBV AoR for application in refugee and public health emergencies GBV AoR, UNHCR and WHO
3. Improve inter-sectorial engagement by deploying interagency coordinators early Donors, international & national GBV actors
4. Adapt coordination efforts to context to improve both effectiveness and sustainability GBV AoR and UNHCR
5. Research GBV coordination in diverse humanitarian and public health emergencies to provide more robust evidence on what influences effective GBV coordination in diverse settings Researchers and donors
6. Conduct research to understand strong leadership and effective coordination in the context of GBV GBV AoR and Researchers
Prioritisation, advocacy and access to resources 7. Increase multi-year and flexible funding, especially in protracted emergencies Donors and International GBV actors
8. Proactively address patriarchy, and power imbalances which limit GBV prioritization and involvement of women-led organization's in coordination Donors, international & national humanitarian actors
Risk mitigation and integration 9. Improve integration of risk mitigation across sectors through dedicated GBV specialists focused on supporting multi-sectorial integration and accountability Donors, international & national GBV actors
10. Improve engagement with beneficiaries to identify GBV risks, adapt services and promote bidirectional communication and accountability on mitigating risks Donors, international & national GBV actors
11. Mandate that GBV risk mitigation activities be included and budgeted in all funding proposals, with monitoring and evaluation Donors, international & national GBV actors
12. Train public health responders on GBV risk mitigation WHO and GBV AoR
Localization 13. Strengthen subnational coordination mechanisms that engage and facilitate the leadership of local actors Donors, international & national GBV actors
14. Invest in partnerships to build both GBV technical capacity of frontline actors and to strengthen management systems to be eligible to receive international funding Donors, UN & international GBV actors
15. Increase funding allocations to national and local organisations Donors, UN & international GBV actors
Data and information management 16. Limit requests for GBV prevalence data which delay funding allocation hampering GBV responses Donors and humanitarian leadership
17. Continue to improve the GBVIMS platforms and translate innovations across contexts GBV AoR and Researchers
Coordination to support service delivery 18. Strengthen evidence on how GBV coordination addresses the needs of marginalised groups (eg, adolescent girls, boys, LGBTIQ +) GBV AoR and Researchers
19. Increase investment in context appropriate GBV prevention programming, especially in protracted emergencies, through multiyear planning and funding Donors, GBV AoR and UNHCR
20. Develop practical guidance on approaching culturally sensitive issues such as shame, stigma and social norms within GBV programming, including on training health care workers GBV AoR