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Table 4 GSEM analysis for the Gaza strip

From: Pathways to food insecurity in the context of conflict: the case of the occupied Palestinian territory

  (1) (2) (3) (4)
VARIABLES Food Consumption Score (logged) Food Insecurity Experience Economic Hardship Political Hardship
Food insecurity experience −0.0346***    
  (0.00327)    
Economic hardship −0.00778* 0.212***   
  (0.00429) (0.0242)   
Political hardship 0.0109 0.0787** 0.154***  
  (0.00935) (0.0337) (0.0258)  
Political refugees 0.0273**    
  (0.0115)    
Registered refugees 0.0286* 0.0933 −0.0212 0.00520
  (0.0158) (0.0634) (0.0488) (0.0353)
Head of household education
(reference: secondary)
    
Post-secondary 0.0127 −0.159* 0.00495 −0.0364
  (0.0147) (0.0838) (0.0645) (0.0465)
Below secondary 0.00260 0.356*** −0.0329 −0.0338
  (0.0133) (0.0758) (0.0584) (0.0421)
Spouse education
(reference: secondary)
    
Post-secondary 0.0544*** −0.0598 0.107* −0.0158
  (0.0144) (0.0824) (0.0634) (0.0458)
Below secondary −0.0153 0.203*** 0.115** 0.128***
  (0.0125) (0.0712) (0.0548) (0.0395)
Female head of household −0.0274 0.160 −0.0738 0.0671
  (0.0194) (0.111) (0.0853) (0.0616)
Household size 0.0525*** 0.724*** 0.341*** 0.195***
  (0.0127) (0.0709) (0.0543) (0.0390)
Unsustainable −0.0506*** 0.741*** 0.320*** 0.0183
  (0.0113) (0.0632) (0.0483) (0.0349)
Household asset (wealth index) 0.0309*** −0.271*** −0.0439*** −0.0447***
  (0.00321) (0.0176) (0.0135) (0.00975)
Aid 2.65e−06 −2.58e−05 −3.17e−05* 5.56e−05***
  (3.75e−06) (2.14e−05) (1.65e−05) (1.18e−05)
Proximity to buffer zone −0.0666*** 0.273** −0.0640 0.683***
  (0.0187) (0.106) (0.0817) (0.0576)
Locality
(reference: urban)
    
Rural 0.0585*** −0.562*** −0.000941 0.289***
  (0.0210) (0.119) (0.0919) (0.0661)
Refugee camp −0.00515 0.0821 0.287*** −0.178***
  (0.0144) (0.0817) (0.0627) (0.0451)
Governorate 1 −0.0220 −0.304*** 0.506*** −0.122***
  (0.0146) (0.0830) (0.0633) (0.0456)
Governorate 2 0.0276 −0.674*** 0.363*** 0.179***
  (0.0173) (0.0980) (0.0751) (0.0542)
Governorate 3 −0.0839*** −0.411*** −0.0480 −0.101**
  (0.0157) (0.0891) (0.0686) (0.0495)
Governorate 4 −0.0476*** −0.180* −0.393*** 0.162***
  (0.0176) (0.100) (0.0770) (0.0555)
Constant 4.290*** 0.780*** 0.342*** 0.424***
  (0.0300) (0.165) (0.127) (0.0915)
Observations 2888 2888 2888 2888
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01