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Table 3 GSEM analysis for the West Bank

From: Pathways to food insecurity in the context of conflict: the case of the occupied Palestinian territory

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Variables Food Consumption Score (logged) Food Insecurity Experience Economic Hardship Political
Hardship
Agricultural
Hardship
Food insecurity experience −0.0350***     
  (0.00309)     
Economic hardship −0.0137*** 0.434***    
  (0.00517) (0.0249)    
Agriculture hardship −0.0195** 0.110*** 0.185***   
  (0.00803) (0.0401) (0.0247)   
Political hardship −0.0168 0.0116 0.150***   0.0899***
  (0.0103) (0.0515) (0.0318)   (0.0198)
Head of household education
(reference: secondary)
     
Post-secondary 0.0286** −0.141** 0.105** −0.0510**  
  (0.0132) (0.0660) (0.0409) (0.0198)  
Below secondary 0.0182* −0.0548 −0.0147 −0.00756  
  (0.0108) (0.0542) (0.0336) (0.0163)  
Spouse education
(reference: secondary)
     
Post-secondary 0.0381*** −0.119* 0.0754* −0.0424**  
  (0.0128) (0.0639) (0.0396) (0.0192)  
Below secondary −0.0109 0.0443 −0.00861 −0.0203  
  (0.0104) (0.0519) (0.0321) (0.0156)  
Female head of household −0.0375** 0.376*** 0.0744 −0.0443*  
  (0.0156) (0.0778) (0.0481) (0.0234)  
Registered refugee −0.0193** 0.0662 0.0457 −0.00203  
  (0.00954) (0.0477) (0.0295) (0.0143)  
Household size 0.0495*** 0.430*** 0.171*** 0.0938***  
  (0.0103) (0.0509) (0.0314) (0.0152)  
Unsustainable −0.00506 0.533*** 0.186*** −0.00741  
  (0.00940) (0.0463) (0.0285) (0.0138)  
Household asset (wealth index) 0.0265*** −0.182*** −0.0541*** −0.0133*** −0.0186***
  (0.00232) (0.0112) (0.00692) (0.00335) (0.00397)
Aid 5.14e−07 4.40e−06 4.13e−06* −6.64e−08  
  (7.66e−07) (3.83e−06) (2.37e−06) (1.15e−06)  
Area C 0.0488*** −0.0667 −0.214*** −0.0475* 0.210***
  (0.0168) (0.0839) (0.0519) (0.0251) (0.0321)
Locality
(reference: urban)
     
Rural −0.00602 −0.105** −0.0597** 0.0570*** 0.0433**
  (0.00951) (0.0475) (0.0294) (0.0143) (0.0184)
Refugee Camp −0.0591*** 0.628*** 0.0773 −0.0764*** 0.00499
  (0.0177) (0.0878) (0.0544) (0.0264) (0.0314)
Governorate 1 0.122*** −0.350*** −0.176** 0.0501 0.0335
  (0.0236) (0.118) (0.0730) (0.0355) (0.0453)
Governorate 2 −0.0299* 0.364*** −0.242*** −0.0477* −0.145***
  (0.0176) (0.0877) (0.0543) (0.0263) (0.0338)
Governorate 3 0.0186 0.107 0.149*** −0.0751*** 0.0178
  (0.0152) (0.0759) (0.0470) (0.0228) (0.0292)
Governorate 4 −0.00816 −0.405*** −0.106 −0.0861*** −0.151***
  (0.0209) (0.104) (0.0647) (0.0314) (0.0402)
Governorate 5 0.0658*** −0.196* −0.417*** −0.180*** −0.155***
  (0.0234) (0.117) (0.0718) (0.0347) (0.0446)
Governorate 6 −0.0162 0.274*** −0.232*** −0.119*** 0.0600**
  (0.0157) (0.0783) (0.0484) (0.0234) (0.0300)
Governorate 7 0.000873 −0.324*** 0.176** −0.135*** 0.120**
  (0.0245) (0.122) (0.0759) (0.0368) (0.0474)
Governorate 8 −0.0362* 0.229** 0.118** 0.0291 0.0987***
  (0.0193) (0.0965) (0.0598) (0.0290) (0.0374)
Governorate 9 −0.0265 0.230*** 0.174*** 0.200*** 0.405***
  (0.0175) (0.0876) (0.0542) (0.0257) (0.0332)
Governorate 10 −0.0905*** 0.401*** −0.0142 −0.0358* 0.159***
  (0.0140) (0.0696) (0.0431) (0.0209) (0.0266)
Constant 4.313*** 0.565*** 0.196*** 0.0576* 0.144***
  (0.0233) (0.116) (0.0720) (0.0350) (0.0231)
Observations 4193 4193 4193 4193 4193
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01,