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Table 3 Bivariate association between demographic, socio-behavioural and social support indicators and psychological distress

From: Psychological distress and social support among conflict refugees in urban, semi-rural and rural settlements in Uganda: burden and associations

Characteristic Mean (SE)
Nationality  
 South Sudanese 21.4 (0.5)
 Congolese 23.7 (0.5)
 Somali 16.9 (0.3)
 Other (i.e. Rwandese, Burundians) 23.6 (1.8)
Sex*  
 Female 21.3 (0.3)
 Male 20.1 (0.5)
Religion  
 Moslem 16.9 (0.4)
 Catholic 22.4 (0.7)
 Protestant 23.3 (0.5)
 Other (e.g. Adventist, Jehovah Witness) 21.1 (0.7)
Occupation  
 Formal employed 17.5 (1.3)
 Self-employed 18.7 (0.6)
 Unemployed 21.9 (0.3)
 Student 18.7 (0.8)
 Other (shifting e.g. vendor, retailer etc.) 19.8 (1.3)
  Pearsons Correlation Coefficient (r)
Age (years)* 0.18
Earnings per week (Shillings) − 0.02
Highest Education Level* − 0.2
Smoking (Yes/No) − 0.04
Drink Alcohol (Yes/No) − 0.02
Exercise (Frequency)* − 0.25
Availability of Social Interaction 0.03
Adequacy of Social Interaction* − 0.18
Availability of Social Attachment − 0.06
Adequacy of Social Attachment** − 0.18
Number of COVID-19 Symptoms 0.16
  1. *T-test for difference in means or Correlation Coefficients (r) significant at p < 0.05; **ANOVA F-tests or Correlation Coefficients (r) statistically significant at p < 0.001