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Table 3 One and two factor EFA results for the sample of women residing in Jordan (n = 108)

From: Measuring sexual violence stigma in humanitarian contexts: assessment of scale psychometric properties and validity with female sexual violence survivors from Somalia and Syria

Stigma items 1 factor solution 2 factor solution
All stigma loading Residual variance Internalized stigma loading Community or family stigma loading Residual variance
Feelings of worthlessness, of having no value (i) 0.64* 0.60 0.78* − 0.07 0.44
Feeling detached or withdrawn from others (i) 0.68* 0.54 0.77* 0.00 0.41
Feeling badly treated by family members (p) 0.50* 0.75 0.25 0.33* 0.74
Feeling badly treated by community members (p) 0.55* 0.70 − 0.10 0.72* 0.55
Feeling shame (i) 0.51* 0.75 0.61* − 0.04 0.65
Blaming yourself for past events (i) 0.64* 0.59 0.68* 0.05 0.51
Feeling rejected by everybody (i) 0.79* 0.38 0.32* 0.58* 0.37
Feeling stigma (p) 0.81* 0.34 0.54* 0.40* 0.32
Wanting to avoid others or hide (i) 0.76* 0.43 0.73* 0.13 0.35
Feeling like your family gazes at you like they are blaming you (p) 0.79* 0.37 0.27* 0.62* 0.35
Feeling like community members gaze at you like they are blaming you (p) 0.76* 0.43 − 0.01 0.88* 0.23
Wanting to change the way you dress (i) 0.20* 0.96 0.02 0.22 0.95
Been abandoned/thrown out of your home (e) 0.54* 0.70 0.08 0.56* 0.64
Rejected by your family because of trauma you experienced (e) 0.63* 0.60 0.06 0.66* 0.52
Rejected by your intimate partner because of trauma you experienced (e) 0.58* 0.67 − 0.06 0.73* 0.52
Forced to live away from husband because of violence you experienced (e) 0.45* 0.80 0.18 0.34* 0.79
  1. *Loading significant at p < 0.05; e = enacted stigma item; i = internalized stigma item; p = perceived stigma item; Bold indicates the item was retained for future analyses