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Table 2 Two factor EFA results for the sample of women residing in Kenya (n = 100)

From: Measuring sexual violence stigma in humanitarian contexts: assessment of scale psychometric properties and validity with female sexual violence survivors from Somalia and Syria

Stigma items Felt stigma loading Enacted stigma loading Residual variance
Feelings of worthlessness, of having no value (i) 0.95* − 0.38* 0.21
Feeling detached or withdrawn from others (i) 0.96* − 0.31* 0.19
Feeling badly treated by family members (p)a 0.53* 0.23 0.58
Feeling badly treated by community members (p) 0.99* − 0.25* 0.14
Feeling shame (i) 0.91* 0.01 0.16
Blaming yourself for past events (i) 0.77* 0.14 0.31
Feeling rejected by everybody (i) 0.94* − 0.07 0.16
Feeling stigma (p) 0.91* 0.04 0.15
Wanting to avoid others or hide (i) 0.82* 0.09 0.29
Feeling like your family gazes at you like they are blaming you (p) 0.63* 0.25 0.43
Feeling like community members gaze at you like they are blaming you (p) 0.94* 0.03 0.10
Wanting to change the way you dress (i) 0.29 0.01 0.91
Been abandoned/thrown out of your home (e) 0.05 0.90* 0.16
Rejected by your family because of trauma you experienced (e) 0.19 0.84* 0.15
Rejected by your intimate partner because of trauma you experienced (e) 0.002 0.96* 0.08
Forced to live away from husband because of violence you experienced (e) − 0.03 0.95* 0.13
  1. aThough this item loaded above 0.4, dropping it from the scale improved the alpha by ≥ 0.001, and thus it was not retained
  2. *Loading significant at p < 0.05; e = enacted stigma item; i = internalized stigma item; p = perceived stigma item; Bold indicates the item was retained for future analyses