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Table 2 Types and characteristics of the voluntary community health workers

From: An exploratory study of the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of community health worker programmes in conflict-affected South Sudan

Types of CHWs** Programme specific CHW worked for Specific tasks performed by CHWs Duration of training sessions Gender prerequisites Types of incentives
Community based distributors (CBDs) Integrated community case management (iCCM) and Community case management (CCM) Treatment of children under five for pneumonia, malaria, diarrhoea, health education on child health, and screening for malnutrition and referrals Six days initial training and three days refresher training Female and male Material/in-kind incentives like soap, sugar, raincoats, gumboots, t-shirts etc. Some implementing NGOs gave monetary incentive ranging from USD 25 -50
Community Based Distributors (CBD) supervisors Integrated community case management (iCCM) and Community case management (CCM) Supervision of CBDs, compiling and submitting reports and ensuring that CBDs conduct effective treatment of children under five in the community Six days initial training as CBD plus two to three additional training days as supervisors Female and male Monetary incentives (USD 100) and materials incentives like raincoats, bicycles, gumboots, t-shirts, backpacks etc
Community drug distributors (CDDs) and CDD supervisors Neglected tropical diseases (NTD) NTD drugs distribution, community mobilisation, awareness raising, and referral of suspected NTD cases to the health facilities
Supervisors monitor activities of the CDDs and ensure reporting on the interventions
One to three days training depending on the intervention and one to two days refresher training. Supervisors
received additional two days training
Female and male Material incentives/in-kind incentives like soap, sugar, t-shirts, and transport refund of USD 5–10 when they attend meetings or trainings. In some cases, bicycles were given to the supervisors
Community nutritional volunteers (CNVs) Nutrition Screening for malnutrition, nutrition education and referral of malnutrition cases from community to health facilities, and follow-up of children discharged Three to four days training and two days refresher training Female and male Performance based monetary incentive of USD 30–35 monthly and material incentives like soap and sugar, and t-shirts, gumboots, raincoats etc
Home Health Promoters (HHPs) Maternal and child health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Health education, distribution of misoprostol for prevention postpartum haemorrhage, mobilising for health campaigns Two to ten days training depending on the intervention and two to three days refresher training Female and male Material/in-kind incentives like soap and sugar, t-shirts, gumboots, raincoats, torches etc
Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) Maternal health Some community deliveries, referral of mothers for skilled birth attendance, health education Seven to fourteen days training and two to three days refresher training Female Material/in-kind incentives such as soap, sugar, gloves, delivery kits, mama kits, torches etc
Mother-to-mother support groups (M2MSG) Nutrition and MNCH Support mothers and their children under five on healthy living, follow on immunisation status of children and antenatal care services Two to three days training depending on the intervention and one to two days refresher training Female Material/in-kind incentives soap, sugar, t-shirts, caps etc.,
  1. **All voluntary CHWs worked on part-time basis