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Table 2 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: The impact of interventions to reduce risk and incidence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict states and other humanitarian crises in low and middle income countries: a systematic review




1. Focus

Intimate partner violence (IPV) and/or sexual violence (SV) against women/girls in the context of conflict or humanitarian emergency—including forced marriage/pregnancy, sexual slavery, enforced sterilization. IPV includes violence in the context of child marriage

Studies not addressing SV/IPV. Studies addressing female genital mutilation, trafficking, or HIV prevention, except where interventions to address these issues are part of interventions aimed at SV/ IPV, SV within military organizations. Interventions for violence directed towards children apart from adolescents or violence in the context of child marriage

2. Studies/data

Empirical studies describing the outcomes of interventions

Studies describing nature/extent/ impacts of SV/IPV or barriers to implementation of, or interventions not specific to SV/IPV; papers lacking primary empirical data describing impacts of interventions

3. Participants

Participants in interventions to address SV/ IPV including survivors, service providers, perpetrators, male/female community members, institution representatives, armed groups or humanitarian workers

Commentators or actors not directly involved in implementation or experience of interventions

4. Interventions

Interventions aimed at reducing the incidence of or risk of SV/ IPV and other forms of GBV where these are also targeted by the intervention, or interventions where reduced risk of SV/IPV was a measured outcome of the intervention

Interventions that do not refer to reduction of SV/IPV as a specific aim or outcome e.g. peace-building /community development programs or interventions aimed at HIV prevention

5. Settings

Contexts of conflict, post-conflict or other humanitarian, emergency, including epidemic outbreaks in low and middle-income countries as defined by the World Bank 2019

Context of the intervention not identified by the author(s) in title/abstract as conflict/post-conflict or humanitarian crisis. Interventions not conducted in the context of conflict/post-conflict or humanitarian crisis. Countries not listed as LMIC by the World Bank

Note: Interventions delivered in Greece to refugees/migrants from LMICS considered for inclusion

6. Publications

Research papers or research reports

Letters, editorials, comment, periodicals, editorials, art works, news updates, speeches

7. Language of publication


Titles and abstracts in a language other than English

8. Publication date

September 2011–May 2020

Before September 2011 (end date of search in 2011 review)