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Table 1 Intervention and strategy type

From: The impact of interventions to reduce risk and incidence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict states and other humanitarian crises in low and middle income countries: a systematic review

Intervention type Strategies and examples
Society Personnel use of code of conduct training and policies to reduce opportunity by personnel for sexual exploitation and abuse; deployment or increased recruitment of female officers
Peace building for prevention of sexual violence incorporation of sexual prevention measures in ceasefire negotiations and monitoring
Strengthening the legal and regulatory environment law and policy reform to criminalise and strengthen protections against violence against women
International, national and customary justice mechanisms
Community Social norms interventions strategies that aim to transform harmful gender norms and stereotypes that justify violence against women
Community mobilisation engagement of community leaders, institutions and members to take action to address and prevent violence against women
Infrastructure risk mitigation efforts to create safe spaces
Security provision of foot and vehicle patrols/security details to vulnerable areas; establishment of safety protocols
Reduced availability of alcohol/ other drugs bans/ curfews on trading, declaration of dry areas or communities
Family Relationship skills programs strategies aimed at individuals or groups of women, men or couples to improve skills in interpersonal communication, conflict management and shared decision making
Educational programs to build skills, attitudes and expectations for respectful relationships
Individual Survivor response provision of care, support and protection to assist survivors to heal, recover and reduce further exposure to violence
Perpetrator education/intervention aimed at men who commit acts of sexual / intimate partner violence
Empowerment strategies to build women’s skills in assertiveness, negotiation, and self-confidence
Economic empowerment provision of money and/or training and/or support to women to increase their economic independence
Combatant-focused interventions including Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration programs targeting reduced SV engaging with combatants & leaders