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Table 2 Study characteristics Violence against children

From: Mental health of women and children experiencing family violence in conflict settings: a mixed methods systematic review

Author Country Study setting (urban/rural) Nature of conflict Research design Sample size (n) Age of sample Particular group of focus Type of violence and role of perpetrator
Catani (2008) [12] Sri Lanka School-based Intrastate Cross-sectional study 296 9–15; 12.2 Students Physical abuse, sexual abuse and emotional abuse including witnessing IPV between parents, from family member
Catani (2009) [40] Afghanistan School-based, urban Internationalised intrastate Cross-sectional study 287 7–15; Girls 11.8 (1.6) Boys 10.9 (1.7). Combined mean: 11 Students Physical violence (family violence defined as being exposed to physical, emotional or sexual abuse or witnessing IPV) from family member including sibling
Fayyad (2017) [47] Lebanon School-based, peri-urban Intrastate Cross-sectional study 252 14.7 (1.7) Adolescents from grades 7 to 12 who experienced at least one war event Physical violence (family violence) from parents and family
O'Leary (2018) [27] Afghanistan Community-based, rural and urban Internationalised intrastate Cross-sectional study 149 12–18; 14.6 Children living in Kabul Physical abuse (domestic violence and neglect) from parents
Panter-Brick (2011) [43] Afghanistan School-based Internationalised intrastate Cohort study 234 11–16; 13.5 (1.51) Students Physical violence (domestic violence) from family members
Panter-Brick (2015) [42] Afghanistan School-based Internationalised intrastate Cohort study 331 11–16 Students in grades 5–10 Physical violence (domestic violence) from unknown groups
Saile (2016) [28] Uganda Community-based Interstate Cross-sectional study 513 6–13; 8.79 (SD 1.29) Children attending second-grade Physical (family violence e.g. experiencing and witnessing physical and verbal domestic violence) from family member
Sriskandarajah (2015) [41] Sri Lanka School-based Intrastate Cross-sectional study 359 7–11. M = 9.2 (SD 1.0) Primary school children and their parents. Tamil families Physical, emotional/psychological and sexual violence (Exposure to family violence and IPV) from Parents