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Table 1 Study characteristics: Violence against women

From: Mental health of women and children experiencing family violence in conflict settings: a mixed methods systematic review

Author Country Study setting (urban/rural) Nature of conflict Study design Sample size (n) Age of sample Particular group of focus Type of Violence and Role of perpetrator
Avdibegovic (2006) [37] Bosnia and Herzegovina Urban and Rural Internationalised intrastate Cross-sectional study 283 16 + ;43 (9.6) Women in the general population* Physical, emotional/ psychological and sexual (domestic violence, sexual abuse, psychological abuse) from husbands
Gupta (2014) [16] Côte d'Ivoire Rural Intrastate Cross-sectional study (n) = 950 18 + ; 37.4 (11.4) Those reported to have a male partner at the time of the survey IPV, domestic violence and rape from partner
Heath (2012) [26] Palestine Rural and urban Intrastate Cohort study N = 746 (n) = 383 18–78; 34.68 (12.19) Living in the West bank, Gaza strip and East Jerusalem Domestic violence
Hossain (2014) [39] Côte d'Ivoire Rural Intrastate Cross-sectional study N = 2678 (n) = 1411 15–49 Resident in the community for one year and access to the International Rescue Committee (a humanitarian organisation) Domestic violence, marital rape from partner or family member
Jewkes (2018) [13] Afghanistan Rural Internationalised interstate Cross-sectional study (n) = 1463 14–48; 29.28 Women who were interested in participation for interventions IPV from spouse
Johnson (2010) [44] Democratic Republic of Congo Rural Intrastate Cross-sectional study N = 998 (n) = 593 18 +  Households in the Eastern DRC Physical and sexual violence from spouse or partner
Kane (2018) [51] Iraq Unknown Internationalised intrastate Cross-sectional study N = 894 (n) = 457 35.69 (14.10) Adults reporting or witnessing one of eight possible traumatic events Physical violence from partner
Kinyanda (2013) [49] Uganda Unknown Interstate Cross-sectional study N = 1568 (n) = 903 15 +  Non-vulnerable and vulnerable individuals were selected** IPV from partner or spouse
Kinyanda (2016) [48] Uganda Unknown Interstate Cross-sectional study N = 1110 (n) = 694 14 +  Resident of the 4 sub-counties, within the age range of 14 + , conversant with the Itesot language and would understand the survey Physical, emotional/psychological and sexual violence from partner or spouse
Rees (2016) [45] Timor-Leste Facility-based Intrastate Cross-sectional study (n) = 1672  < 15 to > 35 Pregnant women in second trimester IPV from partner
Shuman (2016) [30] Côte d'Ivoire Urban Intrastate Cross-sectional study (n) = 80 18 +  Women from the general population IPV from partner
Sriskandarajah (2015) [41] Sri Lanka Unknown Intrastate Cross-sectional study N = 569 (n) = 122 37.6 (5.6) Parents of primary school children Physical, emotional/psychological, sexual violence and IPV from husband
Usta (2008) [50] Lebanon Facility-based Intrastate Cross-sectional study (n) = 310 15–72; 36.20 (10.60) Women from the general population IPV and domestic violence from husband or family members
Vinck (2013) [38] Liberia Rural and urban Intrastate Cross-sectional study N = 4501 (n) = 2196 35.4 Liberian adults IPV from partner or spouse
  1. *The study included women receiving psychiatric treatment. These women were excluded from our analysis
  2. ** Vulnerable individuals defined as 'A person who had any of the following characteristics: widowed, divorced, or separated; living in an internally displaced persons camp; women who had suffered sexual torture; single mothers; orphans; out of school youth; child/adolescent mothers; women and adolescent girls without any source of livelihood (mainly lack of access to arable land); having a mental health problem; survivor of intimate partner violence; and survivors of recent famines or floods