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Table 4 Effect of the exposure to the CBR program on outcomes of interest

From: The impact of a community based rehabilitation program in Afghanistan: a longitudinal analysis using propensity score matching and difference in difference analysis

  Baseline Endline
CBR Control P-value CBR Control P-value
Mobility
 Can you sit by yourself?
  Never/Cannot 206 (12.82) 23 (2.41) p < 0.001 23 (1.81) 13 (1.49) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 543 (33.79) 119 (12.47)   442 (34.69) 73 (8.35)  
  Always/without difficulty 858 (53.39) 812 (85.12)   809 (63.50) 788 (90.16)
 Can you stand by yourself?
  Never/Cannot 406 (25.26) 73 (7.64) p < 0.001 90 (7.05) 45 (5.15) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 521 (32.42) 186 (19.48)   424 (33.23) 131 (14.99)
  Always/without difficulty 680 (42.31) 696 (72.88)   762 (59.72) 698 (79.86)
 Can you move inside the house by yourself?
  Never/Cannot 460 (28.62) 84 (8.80) p < 0.001 102 (8.00) 44 (5.04) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 518 (32.23) 254 (26.60)   434 (34.04) 165 (18.90)
  Always/without difficulty 629 (39.14) 617 (64.61)   739 (57.96) 664 (76.06)
 Can you move outside the house by yourself?
  Never/Cannot 448 (30.48) 94 (9.99) p < 0.001 130 (10.98) 52 (6.01) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 486 (33.06) 326 (34.64)   385 (32.52) 253 (29.25)
  Always/without difficulty 536 (36.46) 521 (55.37)   669 (56.50) 560 (64.74)
Activities of daily living
 Can you feed yourself?
  Never/Cannot 91 (7.13) 30 (3.33) p < 0.001 10 (2.29) 10 (0.96) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 423 (33.12) 142 (15.74)   348 (33.37) 102 (12.30)
  Always/without difficulty 763 (59.75) 730 (80.93)   685 (65.68) 708 (85.40)
 Can you bathe yourself?
  Never/Cannot 118 (12.90) 60 (7.43) p < 0.001 23 (3.01) 36 (4.90) p < 0.007
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 357 (39.02) 305 (37.79)   209 (27.39) 241 (32.79)
  Always/without difficulty 440 (48.09) 442 (54.77)   531 (69.59) 458 (62.31)
 Can you use the latrine by yourself?
  Never/Cannot 233 (17.14) 53 (5.73) p < 0.001 44 (3.98) 38 (4.47) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 520 (38.26) 309 (33.41)   375 (33.94) 214 (25.15)
  Always/without difficulty 606 (44.59) 563 (60.86)   686 (62.08) 599 (70.39)
 Can you dress yourself?
  Never/Cannot 203 (15.88) 55 (6.10) p < 0.001 38 (3.64) 33 (3.98) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 438 (34.27) 256 (28.38)   338 (32.41) 169 (20.39)
  Always/without difficulty 637 (49.84) 591 (65.52)   667 (63.95) 627 (75.63)
Communication
 Can you speak?
  Never/Cannot 345 (23.76) 108 (11.44) p < 0.001 175 (14.77) 79 (9.13) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 410 (28.24) 132 (13.98)   341 (28.78) 122 (14.1)  
  Always/without difficulty 697 (48) 704 (74.58)   669 (56.46) 664 (76.76)  
 Can you understand simple instructions?
  Never/Cannot 202 (13.91) 66 (7.01) p < 0.001 40 (3.38) 32 (3.7)  
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 455 (31.34) 163 (17.3)   390 (32.94) 153 (17.69)  
  Always/without difficulty 795 (54.75) 713 (75.69)   754 (63.68) 680 (78.61)  
 Can you express needs?
  Never/Cannot 267 (18.4) 91 (9.65) p < 0.001 72 (6.08) 39 (4.51) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 430 (29.63) 158 (16.76)   383 (32.35) 154 (17.8)  
  Always/without difficulty 754 (51.96) 694 (73.59)   729 (61.57) 672 (77.69)  
 Do you feel confident learning new things?
  Never/Cannot 406(28.57) 349(38.69) p < 0.001 139(13.23) 238(28.64) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulty or help 441(31.03) 279(30.93)   339(32.25) 337(40.55)  
  Always/without difficulty 574(40.39) 274(30.38)   573(54.52) 255(30.69)  
Social participation
 Can you make friends outside the family?
  Never/Cannot 598(33.98) 162(17.0) p < 0.001 182(15.22) 147(16.84) p < 0.001
  Sometimes/with difficulties 491(27.9) 368(38.61)   346(28.93) 317(36.31)  
  Always/without difficulties 671(38.12) 423(44.39)   668(55.85) 409(46.85)  
 Are you consulted in family decisions?
  Never 58(8.59) 60(9.05) 0.511 19(3.89) 82(13.78)  
  Sometimes 212(31.41) 189(28.51)   138(28.28) 157(26.39)  
  Always 405(60) 414(62.44)   331(67.83) 356(59.83)  
 Can you join in community activities & ceremonies?
  Never 443(27.23) 177(18.75) p < 0.001 94(7.4) 132(15.17) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 614(37.74) 498(52.75)   581(45.75) 591(67.93)  
  Always 570(35.03) 269(28.5)   595(46.85) 147(16.9)  
 Do you feel respected in the community?
  Never 170 (12.4) 78(8.93) p < 0.027 51 (4.94) 69(8.37) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 434(31.66) 302(34.59)   29.72(675) 38.59(437)  
  Always 767(55.94) 493(56.47)   675(65.34) 437(53.03)  
 Do you feel respected in your family?
  Never 39(2.74) 16(1.81) p < 0.001 6(0.58) 5(0.61) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 461(32.37) 191(21.66)   342(32.88) 130(15.78)  
  Always 924(64.89) 675(76.53)   692(66.54) 689(83.62)  
Emotional well-being
  Do you feel sad?
  Always 131(9.22) 63(6.96) p < 0.001 13(1.23) 45(5.42) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 656(46.16) 554(61.22)   380(36.05) 565(68.07)  
  Never 634(44.62) 288(31.82)   661(62.71) 220(26.51)  
 Do you feel angry?
  Always 97(6.83) 56(6.19) p < 0.001 11(1.05) 37(4.46) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 680(47.85) 527(58.3)   425(40.59) 608(73.25)  
  Never 644(45.32) 321(35.51)   611(58.36) 185(22.29)  
 Do you feel worried or distressed?
  Always 120(8.75) 54(6.14) p < 0.001 21(2.01) 37(4.49) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 629(45.85) 537(61.09)   393(37.54) 585(71)  
  Never 623(45.41) 288(32.76)   633(60.46) 202(24.51)  
 Do you have nightmares or bad sleep?
  Always 84(6.1) 61(6.99) p < 0.188 10(0.96) 25(3.03) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 537(38.97) 308(35.28)   376(35.95) 380(46.12)  
  Never 757(54.93) 504(57.73)   660(63.1) 419(50.85)  
 Do you have headaches, stomachaches or nausea?
  Always 42(3.05) 35(4.01) p < 0.433 11(1.05) 17(2.06) p < 0.001
  Sometimes 707(51.34) 451(51.72)   469(44.84) 556(67.48)  
  Never 628(45.61) 386(44.27)   566(54.11) 251(30.46)  
Can you work (only 18 to 65 years old)?
 Working (ref: not working) 173 (40.14) 146 (27.76) p < 0.001 208 (47.82) 150 (25.08) p < 0.001