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Table 3 Characteristics at baseline of study participants

From: The impact of a community based rehabilitation program in Afghanistan: a longitudinal analysis using propensity score matching and difference in difference analysis

  Treatment Control P value
n (%) n (%)
Socioeconomic characteristics
 Gender
  Male 1054 (62.11) 701 (61.93) p = 0.921
  Female 643 (37.89) 431 (38.07)  
 Age (mean, SD) 15.34 (15.10) 30.85 (21.46 p < 0.0001
 Disability cause
  Birth 1009 (59.46) 338 (29.86) p < 0.0001
  Accident 219 (12.91) 164 (14.49)  
  Disease 321 (18.92) 296 (26.15)  
  Conflict related 83 (4.89) 117 (10.34)  
  Other cause 65 (3.83) 217 (19.17)  
 Disability type
  Physical/Locomotor 1195 (70.88) 567 (59.19) p < 0.0001
  Sensory 207 (12.28) 178 (18.58)  
  Intellectual 159 (9.43) 70 (7.31)  
  Mental Illness & epilepsy 7 (0.42) 45 (4.7)  
  Multiple Disabilities 118 (7) 98 (10.23)  
 Ethnicity
  Pashtun 576 (33.98) 428 (38.32) p = 0.003
  Tajik 699 (41.24) 390 (34.91)  
  Minority Ethnic 420 (24.78) 299 (26.77)  
 Assets index
  poorest 223 (13.25) 341 (33.7) p < 0.0001
  20–80% 1094 (65) 532 (52.57)  
  Highest 366 (21.75) 139 (13.74)  
 Swedish Committee regional office
  Eastern region 271 (15.97) 250 (22.08) p < 0.0001
  Northern region 589 (34.71) 338 (29.86)  
  South eastern region 374 (22.04) 221 (19.52)  
  North eastern region 463 (27.28) 323 (28.53)  
 Age of onset of disability (mean, SD) 8.24 (14.38) 16.94 (20.12) p < 0.0001
 Education
  Illiterate 1434 (85.2) 783 (81.56) p = 0.114
  Some education 249 (14.8) 177 (18.44)  
 Employment status (18–65 years old)
  Not working 258 (258) 380 (72.24) p < 0.0001
  Working 173 (40.14) 146 (27.76)  
Village characteristics
 Distance to road (kms) (mean, SD) 1.15 (2.28) 2.55 (9.64) p < 0.0001
 Road usable by motorized vehicle (ref.: not usable 1640 (96.64) 1030 (90.99) p < 0.0001
 Electricity (ref: no electricity) 1515 (89.28) 868 (76.68) p < 0.0001
 School in the village (ref: no school) 1356 (79.91) 832 (73.5) p < 0.0001
 Time to reach school (minutes) (mean, SD) 17.04 (10.36) 19.31 (12.48) p < 0.0001
 Healthcare facility in the village (ref: no healthcare facility) 817 (48.14) 496 (43.82) p = 0.024
 Time to reach healthcare facility (minutes) (mean, SD) 24.511 (18.50) 30.35 (24.36) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a self-help group (ref: none) 378 (22.27) 230 (20.32) p = 0.215
 Presence of an International NGO (ref: none) 394 (23.22) 157 (13.87) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a religious group (ref: none) 274 (16.15) 181 (15.99) p = 0.911
 Presence of a political party (ref: none) 259 (15.26) 253 (22.35) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a village Shurah (ref.: none) 1377 (81.14) 932 (82.33) p = 0.424
 Presence of an education Shurah (ref.: none) 874 (51.5) 553 (48.85) p = 0.167
 Presence of a health Shurah (ref.: none) 493 (29.05) 282 (24.91) p = 0.016
 Presence of a Community development Council (ref.: none) 1298 (76.49) 858 (75.8) p = 0.672
 Presence of a business cooperative (ref.: none) 308 (18.15) 48 (4.24) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a District Development Assembly (ref.: none) 317 (18.68) 284 (25.09) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a CBR committee (ref.: none) 899 (52.98) 66 (5.83) p < 0.0001
 Village affected by a natural disaster in last 3 years (ref: not affected) 867 (51.09) 711 (62.81) p < 0.0001
 Village affected by an attack in last 3 years (ref: not affected) 518 (30.52) 220 (19.43) p < 0.0001
 Village affected by another crisis/disaster in last 3 years (ref: not affected) 1313 (77.37) 959 (84.72) p < 0.0001