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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of treatment and control comparing those with complete exposure and those lost to follow up

From: The impact of a community based rehabilitation program in Afghanistan: a longitudinal analysis using propensity score matching and difference in difference analysis

  Lost to follow up Followed up
CBR Control P value CBR Control P value
n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%)  
Socioeconomic characteristics
 Gender
  Male 308 (60.04) 160 (62.5) p < 0.4332 746 (63.01) 541 (61.76) p < 0.3349
  Female 205 (39.96) 96 (37.5)   438 (36.99) 335 (38.24)  
 Age (mean, SD) 16.13 (17.83) 35.60 (23.79) p < 0.0001 15.01 (13.79) 29.69 (20.69) p < 0.0001
 Disability cause
  Birth 307 (59.84) 66 (25.78) p < 0.0001 702 (59.29) 272 (31.05) p < 0.0001
  Accident 48 (9.36) 33 (12.89)   171 (14.44) 131 (14.95)  
  Disease 107 (20.86) 61 (23.83)   214 (18.07) 235 (26.83)  
  Conflict related 17 (3.31) 22 (8.59)   66 (5.57) 95 (10.84)  
  Other cause 34 (6.63) 74 (28.91)   31 (2.62) 143 (16.32)  
 Disability type
  Physical/Locomotor 371 (73.9) 108 (57.14) p < 0.0001 824 (69.59) 459 (59.69) p < 0.0001
  Sensory 46 (9.16) 42 (22.22)   161 (13.6) 136 (17.69)  
  Intellectual 45 (8.96) 10 (5.29)   114 (9.63) 60 (7.8)  
  Mental Illness & Epilepsy 2 (0.4) 8 (4.23)   5 (0.42) 37 (4.81)  
  Multiple Disabilities 38 (7.57) 21 (11.11)   80 (6.76) 77 (10.01)  
 Ethnicity
  Pashtun 143 (27.98) 67 (34.54) p < 0.004 433 (36.57) 331 (38.27) p < 0.1
  Tajik 227 (44.42) 108 (55.67)   472 (39.86) 306 (35.38)  
  Minority Ethnic 141 (27.59) 19 (9.79)   279 (23.56) 228 (26.36)  
 Assets index
  poorest 81 (16.2) 67 (34.54) p < 0.0001 142 (12) 274 (33.5) p < 0.0001
  20–80% 333 (66.6) 108 (55.67)   761 (64.33) 424 (51.83)  
  Highest 86 (17.2) 19 (9.79)   280 (23.67) 120 (14.67)  
 Swedish Committee regional office
  Eastern region 56 (10.92) 76 (29.69) p < 0.0001 215 (18.16) 174 (19.86) p < 0.0001
  Northern region 148 (28.85) 94 (36.72)   441 (37.25) 244 (27.85)  
  South eastern region 80 (15.59) 35 (13.67)   294 (24.83) 186 (21.23)  
  North eastern region 229 (44.64) 51 (19.92)   234 (19.76) 272 (31.05)  
 Age of onset of disability (mean, SD) 9.92 (17.55) 21.87 (24.40) p < 0.0001 7.53 (12.74) 15.74 (18.75) p < 0.0001
 Some education (ref: illiterate) 49 (9.8) 35 (18.52) p < 0.002 200 (16.91) 142 (18.42) p < 0.390
 Employment status (ref. not working) 0 (0) 1 (100) p < 0.002 173 (40.14) 145 (27.62) p < 0.0001
 Household income (mean, SD) 6211 (179) 6411 (478) p = 0.696 7987 (808) 6479 (267) p = 0.077
Village characteristics
 Distance to road (kms) (mean, SD) 1.13 (2.49) 2.01 (4.47) p = 0.0036 1.16 (2.18) 2.71 (10.69) p < 0.0001
 Road usable by motorized vehicle (ref.: not usable) 496 (96.69) 236 (92.19) p = 0.006 1144 (96.62) 794 (90.64) p < 0.0001
 Electricity (ref: no electricity) 456 (88.89) 206 (80.47) p = 0.001 1059 (89.44) 662 (75.57) p < 0.0001
 School in the village (ref: no school) 413 (80.51) 204 (79.69) p = 0.788 943 (79.65) 628 (71.69) p < 0.0001
 Time to reach school (minutes) (mean, SD) 17.29 (11.72) 17.74 (10.09) p = 0.5784 16.941 (9.71) 19.76 (13.07) p < 0.0001
 Healthcare facility in the village (ref: no healthcare facility) 207 (40.35) 131 (51.17) p = 0.004 610 (51.52) 365 (41.67) p < 0.0001
 Time to reach healthcare facility (minutes) (mean, SD) 25.66 (20.59) 29.28 (22.48) p = 0.0311 24.001 (17.51) 30.67 (17.51) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a self-help group (ref: none) 108 (21.05) 55 (21.48) p = 0.890 270 (22.8) 175 (19.98) p = 0.123
 Presence of an International NGO (ref: none) 91 (17.74) 28 (10.94) p = 0.014 303 (25.59) 129 (14.73) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a religious group (ref: none) 66 (12.87) 34 (13.28) p = 0.872 208 (17.57) 147 (16.78) p = 0.640
 Presence of a political party (ref: none) 66 (12.87) 77 (30.08) p < 0.0001 193 (16.3) 176 (20.09) p = 0.027
 Presence of a village Shurah (ref.: none) 410 (79.92) 212 (82.81) p = 0.337 967 (81.67) 720 (82.19) p = 0.762
 Presence of an education Shurah (ref.: none) 228 (44.44) 137 (53.52) p = 0.018 646 (54.56) 416 (47.49) p = 0.001
 Presence of a health Shurah (ref.: none) 125 (24.37) 68 (26.56) p = 0.508 368 (31.08) 214 (24.43) p = 0.001
 Presence of a Community development Council (ref.: none) 400 (77.97) 174 (67.97) p = 0,003 898 (75.84) 684 (78.08) p = 0.234
Presence of a business cooperative (ref.: none) 92 (17.93) 6 (2.34) p < 0.0001 216 (18.24) 42 (4.79) p < 0.0001
 Presence of a District Development Assembly (ref.: none) 90 (17.54) 83 (32.42) p < 0.0001 227 (19.17) 201 (22.95) p = 0.037
 Presence of a CBR committee (ref.: none) 229 (44.64) 12 (4.69) p < 0.0001 670 (56.59) 54 (6.16) p < 0.0001
 Village affected by a natural disaster in last 3 years (ref: not affected) 287 (55.95) 141 (55.08) p < 0.0001 580 (48.99) 570 (65.07) p < 0.0001
 Village affected by an attack in last 3 years (ref: not affected) 162 (31.58) 46 (17.97) p < 0.0001 356 (30.07) 174 (19.86) p < 0.0001
 Village affected by another crisis/disaster in last 3 years (ref: not affected) 380 (74.07) 228 (89.06) p < 0.0001 933 (78.8) 731 (83.45) p < 0.008