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Table 3 Diabetes and hypertension by country of origin

From: Prevalence and risk factors for hypertension and diabetes among those screened in a refugee settlement in Uganda

  Rwanda
N = 462
N (%)
Uganda
N = 790
N (%)
Congo (DRC) N = 480
N (%)
Burundi N = 363
N (%)
p-value
Diabetes
 Prior diabetes diagnosis 2 (0.4) 8 (1.0) 7 (1.5) 3 (0.8) 0.437
 Currently uses diabetes medication 4 (0.9) 7 (0.9) 4 (0.8) 1 (0.3) 0.737
 Frequent urination or thirst 93 (20.1) 200 (25.3) 130 (27.0) 75 (20.5) 0.024
 Elevated blood glucosea 7 (1.5) 15 (1.9) 7 (1.5) 5 (1.4) 0.886
 Diabetes diagnosisb 7 (1.5) 15 (1.9) 5 (1.0) 5 (1.4) 0.670
Hypertension
 Prior hypertension diagnosis 23 (5.0) 29 (3.7) 39 (8.1) 19 (5.2) 0.008
 Currently uses hypertension medication 5 (1.1) 12 (1.5) 10 (2.1) 8 (2.2) 0.538
 Pre-hypertensionc 218 (47.2) 389 (48.9) 256 (53.2) 193 (52.7) 0.176
 Hypertensiond 41 (8.9) 63 (8.0) 49 (10.2) 33 (9.0)
 Number needed to screen 11.2 12.5 9.8 11.1  
  1. Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and Student’s t-test for continuous variables
  2. aFasting blood glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L or non-fasting ≥7 mmol/L
  3. bFrequent urination or thirst and non-fasting blood glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L or fasting ≥7 mmol/L
  4. cDiastolic blood pressure 80–99 or systolic blood pressure 120–139 mmHg
  5. dDiastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 or systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg