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Table 2 Study population characteristics for diabetes and hypertension by refugee status

From: Prevalence and risk factors for hypertension and diabetes among those screened in a refugee settlement in Uganda

  Refugee/Asylum Seeker
N = 1379
N (%)
Ugandan National
N = 748
N (%)
p-value
Demographic and clinical characteristics
 Female 737 (54) 447 (60) 0.005
 Age (years) 31 ± 11 33 ± 11 < 0.001
 Education
  Never attended school 318 (23) 139 (19) 0.009
  Some primary 679 (49) 416 (56)
  Completed at least primary 385 (28) 192 (26)
 Body mass index (kg/m2)
  < 18.5 98 (7) 52 (7) 0.178
  18.5–24.9 1020 (74) 526 (71)
  > 25.0 256 (19) 163 (22)
HIV diagnosis 43 (3) 73 (10) < 0.001
Diabetes
 Prior diabetes diagnosis 13 (0.9) 8 (1) 0.779
 Frequent urination or thirst 326 (24) 184 (25) 0.621
 Diabetes diagnosisa 17 (1) 15 (2) 0.162
Hypertension
 Prior hypertension diagnosis 84 (6) 28 (4) 0.021
 Currently taking hypertension medication 25 (2) 11 (2) 0.559
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76 ± 10 74 ± 10 0.004
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 114 ± 13 113 ± 14 0.005
 Pre-hypertensionb 698 (51) 368 (49) 0.412
 Hypertensionc 127 (9) 60 (8)
  1. Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables and Student’s t-test for continuous variables
  2. aFrequent urination or thirst and non-fasting blood glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L or fasting ≥7 mmol/L
  3. bDiastolic blood pressure 80–89 or systolic blood pressure 120–139 mmHg
  4. cDiastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 or systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg