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Table 3 Causes of death by age group (number and weighted proportions), Retrospective mortality survey, Ouaka, CAR, 2020

From: Mortality beyond emergency threshold in a silent crisis– results from a population-based mortality survey in Ouaka prefecture, Central African Republic, 2020

Cause of death Total < 5 years ≥5 years
n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI)
Malaria/fever 26 16.0 (11.0—22.7) 15 30.5 (17.8—47.1) 11 9.9 (5.9—16.2)
Violence 22 13.2 (6.3—25.5) 2 4.8 (0.6—28.8) 20 16.7 (7.7—32.5)
Diarrhoea/vomiting 16 10.6 (6.2—17.5) 11 24.0 (11.9—42.7) 5 5.0 (1.9—12.2)
Respiratory infection 13 8.4 (4.6—14.8) 3 6.8 (2.1—20.1) 10 9.1 (4.6—17.1)
Neonatal 6 3.5 (1.6—7.5) 6 11.9 (5.3—24.7)   
Maternal 5 3.1 (1.4—6.8)    5 4.4 (2.0—9.4)
Measlesa 4 2.6 (1.0—6.9) 3 6.6 (2.1—19.0) 1 0.9 (0.1—6.7)
Trauma/accident 3 2.3 (0.7—7.3) 1 2.3 (0.3—16.2) 2 2.3 (0.5—9.3)
Malnutrition 2 1.3 (0.3—4.9) 1 2.4 (0.3—16.5) 1 0.9 (0.1—6.0)
Other – specifiedb 15 9.3 (5.4—15.3) 0   15 13.1 (7.7—21.3)
Unknown 48 29.9 (21.7—39.6) 5 10.6 (4.2—24.3) 43 37.9 (26.6—50.6)
Total 160   47   113  
  1. aOne additional death in a child < 5 years was reported as having measles and malaria. The cause of death has been classified as malaria/fever for the analysis
  2. bIncludes: hernia (n = 4), 2 of which died post a surgical intervention; typhoid (n = 4); diabetes (n = 2); asthma (n = 1); snake-bite (n = 1); mumps (n = 1); meningitis (n = 1); and an abscess (n = 1))