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Table 2 Household Economy and Receipt of Humanitarian Assistance at Baseline and Endline (in US$)

From: Improving diabetes control for Syrian refugees in Jordan: a longitudinal cohort study comparing the effects of cash transfers and health education interventions

  BASELINE ENDLINE
MPC CHV only CHV + CCT P-value MPC CHV only CHV + CCT P-value
(N = 201) (N = 156) (N = 203) (N = 175) (N = 128) (N = 179)
Income & Expenditures (past month)
 Income (excluding humanitarian assistance) Median 282 367 384   212 310 282  
Mean (SD) 297.9 (215.1) 405.0 (227.0) 383.8 (206.3) < 0.001 232.9 (242.6) 331.0 (278.7) 292.9 (253.9) 0.005
 Total expenditures Median 642 621 660   709 764 852  
Mean (SD) 679.8 (399.6) 685.0 (380.2) 700.8 (395.7) 0.856 790.3 (441.0) 848.4 (480.3) 943.9 (640.7) 0.025
Humanitarian Assistance (past month)
UNHCR MPC 201 (100%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 146 (83.4%) 42 (32.8%) 31 (17.3%) < 0.001
  Amount received (per HH) Median 169   176 169 176  
Mean (SD) 174.8 (61.9) 187.7 (71.6) 175 (56.3) 169.9 (40.3) 0.265
  Amount received (per HH member) Median 31   31 34 33  
Mean (SD) 35.9 (21.6) 39.0 (30.9) 39 (23.3) 36.2 (14.7) 0.871
WFP Food Assistance
 Current WFP recipients (%) 197 (98.0%) 142 (91.0%) 182 (89.7%) 0.002 167 (95.4%) 117 (91.4%) 168 (93.9%) 0.358
 Amount received (per HH) Median 127 106 123   127 106 102  
Mean (SD) 137.2 (77.1) 120.5 (66.0) 122.6 (60.3) 0.043 138.3 (83.0) 114.0 (66.2) 113.7 (65.1) 0.003
 Amount received (per HH member) Median 21 21 21   23 21 21  
Mean (SD) 23.3 (9.1) 21.8 (7.1) 22.5 (14.5) 0.445 25.3 (18.1) 20.9 (10.3) 21.6 (16.6) 0.035
 Transfer modality
  E-voucher 9 (4.6%) 14 (9.9%) 15 (8.2%) 0.150 22 (13.2%) 15 (12.8%) 18 (10.7%) 0.765
  Choice (e-voucher or cash) 188 (95.4%) 128 (90.1%) 167 (91.8%)   145 (86.8%) 102 (87.2%) 150 (89.3%)  
Asset Sales and Borrowing
 Sold assets in past 3 months (%) 50 (24.9%) 43 (27.6%) 59 (29.1%) 0.633 37 (21.1%) 38 (29.7%) 58 (32.4%) 0.050
 Borrowed money in past 3 months (%) 153 (76.1%) 123 (78.8%) 159 (78.3%) 0.433 133 (76.0%) 92 (71.9%) 125 (69.8%) 0.533
 Any current debt (%) 172 (88.7%) 130 (91.5%) 183 (92.0%) 0.485 156 (91.8%) 109 (89.3%) 154 (90.1%) 0.762
 Amount of debt a Median 705 765 776   846 846 917  
Mean (SD) 931.4 (1024.9) 1431.5 (1778.6) 1481.2 (3172.5) 0.031 1619.1 (3184.8) 1994.8 (2603.0) 1491.9 (1929.9) 0.258
  1. Presented as N (%) for binary/categorical variables and median/mean (SD) for continuous variables. Exchange rate: 1 JOD = US$1.41. HH = household
  2. a among those with debt