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Table 1 Baseline Participant Demographic and Clinical Characteristics

From: Improving diabetes control for Syrian refugees in Jordan: a longitudinal cohort study comparing the effects of cash transfers and health education interventions

  MPC CHV only CHV + CCT P-value
(N = 201) (N = 156) (N = 203)
Household Demographic Characteristics
 Household size 6.0 (2.6) 5.5 (2.1) 5.7 (2.4) 0.175
 Multiple UNHCR registration cases a 131 (65.2%) 63 (40.4%) 90 (44.3%) < 0.001
Participant Demographic Characteristics
 Female sex 137 (68.2%) 86 (55.1%) 107 (52.7%) 0.004
 Age (years) 56.2 (9.4) 52.1 (8.6) 52.1 (9.2) < 0.001
 Highest level of education
  None 61 (30.3%) 29 (18.6%) 29 (14.3%) 0.007
  Primary school 100 (49.8%) 94 (60.3%) 121 (59.6%)  
  Preparatory school 25 (12.4%) 18 (11.5%) 31 (15.3%)  
  Secondary school or higher 15 (7.5%) 15 (9.6%) 22 (10.8%)  
 Marital status
  Married 144 (71.6%) 130 (83.3%) 168 (82.8%) 0.031
  Widowed 46 (22.9%) 23 (14.7%) 25 (12.3%)  
  Never married / divorced 11 (5.5%) 3 (1.9%) 9 (4.4%)  
Participant Clinical Characteristics
 Years since initial diabetes diagnosis 7.5 (6.1) 5.9 (5.2) 5.6 (4.7) 0.001
 Previously diagnosed comorbidities b
  Any chronic condition(s) 167 (83.1%) 133 (85.3%) 162 (79.8%) 0.388
  Hypertension 139 (69.2%) 93 (59.6%) 129 (63.5%) 0.165
  Arthritis 59 (29.4%) 36 (23.1%) 47 (23.2%) 0.266
  Cardiovascular disease 41 (20.4%) 38 (24.4%) 44 (21.7%) 0.664
  Chronic respiratory disease 17 (8.5%) 7 (4.5%) 12 (5.9%) 0.295
  Other 79 (39.3%) 73 (46.8%) 74 (36.5%) 0.131
  1. Presented as N (%) for binary/categorical variables and mean (SD) for continuous variables
  2. a Multiple UNHCR registration cases primarily occurred when there was more than one traditionally defined family in a household according to the study’s definition of a household (people who share a living space, meals, and financial resources)
  3. b Each condition as percent of all participants