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Table 1 Study and socio-demographic characteristics, WHOQOL-Bref scores of respondents belonging to the general population of refugees

From: Health-related quality of life of refugees: a systematic review of studies using the WHOQOL-Bref instrument in general and clinical refugee populations in the community setting

  Abdo et al. (2019) [50] Alduraidi et al. (2017) [51] Crea et al. (2015) [52] Georgiadou et al. (2020) [53] Horta et al. (2019) [54] Redko et al. (2015) [55]
Study characteristics
 Study location Al-Husun, Jordan Abu Nsair, Jordan Johannesburg and Pretoria, South Africa Erlangen, Germany Brazil Columbus, Ohio (USA)
 Recruiting method registry-based field-based registry-based registry-based snowball sampling field-based
 Year of data collection Feb-Aug 2017 Oct- Nov 2015 June 2012- Aug 2013 July- Dec 2017 Aug 2016- April 2018 Sept 2012- June 2013
SAMPLE characteristics
 Size 655 91 334 119 31 303
 Gender (n, %)
  Male 266 (40.6%) 44 (48.4%) 170 (50.9%) 71 (59.7%) 3 (9.7%) 157 (51.8%)
  Female 389 (59.4%) 47 (51.6%) 149 (44.9%) (a) 48 (40.3%) 28 (90.3%) 146 (48.2%)
 Age mean (SD) 36.0 (14,4) 38.82 (−) 46.5 (−)
 Marital status (n, %)
  Married 586 (89.4%) 60 (65.9%) 119 (100%) 164 (54.1%) (c)
  Non married (b) 69 (10.6%) 31 (34.1%) 0 129 (42.6%)
 Country of origin Syrian Palestine Diverse Syrian Diverse from Africa Somalia
 Country of destination Jordan Jordan South Africa Germany Brazil USA
WHOQOL-Bref mean (SD)
 Physical health 50.68 (−) 64.4 (18.0) 58.9 (17.5) 73.10 (−) 56.9 (−) 44.69 (18.30)
 Psychological health 49.35 (−) 56.5 (19.5) 65.39 (−) 52.9 (−) 52.83 (18.44)
 Social relationships 49.82 (−) 58.3 (21.5) 68.38 (−) 56.3 (−) 50.04 (20.36)
 Environment domain 47.37 (−) 51.3 (15.3) 38.0 (14.9) 60.45 (−) 38.0 (−) 46.32 (16.87)
  1. WHOQOL-Bref, World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment in its short version, scaled 1–100, with domains for physical health, psychological health, social relationship and environmental domains. For each domain the mean score of WHOQOL-Bref is reported and, when available, the standard error
  2. (a) 15 (4.2%) missing information regarding gender
  3. (b) “non-married” comprises single, divorced and widowed
  4. (c) 10 respondents didn’t provide information regarding their marital status