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Table 4 Observed handwashing behaviour at all critical times (after defecation, before preparing food, before eating, before serving/feeding another person food, after cleaning a child’s bottom)

From: An exploratory pilot study of the effect of modified hygiene kits on handwashing with soap among internally displaced persons in Ethiopia

Study Arm Total number of observed possibilities for handwashing with soap Handwashing with soap prevalence % (n) P-valuea
Control arm (n = 50) 362 17% (63) ref
Intervention Arm 1: Liquid (n = 50) 409 20% (82) 0.348
Intervention Arm 2: Scented (n = 51) 385 10% (40) 0.005
Intervention Arm 3: Mirror (n = 52) 302 11% (33) 0.018
  1. aPearson Chi-square test