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Table 2 Results from a household survey on hygiene props and infrastructure from the four study arms in an exploratory pilot study in Moyale, Ethiopia

From: An exploratory pilot study of the effect of modified hygiene kits on handwashing with soap among internally displaced persons in Ethiopia

Variable Control arm
n = 50
Intervention Arm 1: Liquid
n = 50
Intervention Arm 2: Scented
n = 51
Intervention Arm 3: Mirror
n = 52
Hygiene Proxy indicator (Handwashing facility with soap and water present), % (n) 64% (32) 44% (22) 25% (13) 40% (21)
Handwashing facility available on premises, % (n) 96% (48) 92% (46) 88% (45) 92% (48)
Water available at handwashing facility, % (n) 92% (44)b 93% (43)b 87% (39)b 83% (40)b
Soap available at handwashing facility, % (n) 66% (33)b 44% (22)b 27% (14)b 42% (22)b
Constructed a stand or other mechanism to raise the facility off the ground, % (n) 92% (44) 91% (42)a 87% (39) 83% (40)
Mirror available by handwashing facility, % (n) 0% (0) 0% (0)a 0% (0) 77% (37)
Soap available in household, % (n) 98% (49) 100% (50) 96% (49) 98% (51)
Types of soap available in household, % (n)
 Liquid soap 16% (8) 92% (46) 22% (11) 27% (14)
 Scented soap bar 26% (13) 26% (13) 51% (26) 17% (9)
 Laundry soap 72% (36) 66% (33) 63% (32) 81% (42)
 Normal soap bar 88% (44) 70% (35) 76% (39) 71% (37)
Number of households reporting that they have enough soap to meet their family’s needs, % (n) 45% (22)a 52% (26) 45% (23) 48% (25)
Number of households reporting that soap is affordable for them, % (n) 41% (20)a 51% (25)a 52% (26)a 42% (22)
  1. aPercentages estimated from smaller denominators than those shown at the top of the table due to unanswered survey questions/missing values
  2. bPercentages estimated from the total number of handwashing facility present in the respective study arm