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Table 1 Sociodemographic data and household characteristics of the four-armed exploratory pilot study in Moyale, Ethiopia

From: An exploratory pilot study of the effect of modified hygiene kits on handwashing with soap among internally displaced persons in Ethiopia

Variable Control arm
n = 50
Intervention Arm 1: Liquid
n = 50
Intervention Arm 2: Scented
n = 51
Intervention Arm 3: Mirror
n = 52
Number of people per household, mean (SD) 6.94 (2.65) 6.52 (2.56) 7.22 (2.15) 6.60 (2.62)
Number of children < 5 per household, mean (SD) 1.4 (1.01) 1.72 (0.86) 1.86 (1.51) 1.15 (0.89)
Respondents education, % (n)
 No education 80% (39) 62% (31) 63% (31)a 73% (38)
 Primary school completed 16% (8) 26% (13) 24% (12)a 21% (11)
 Secondary school completed 4% (2) 10% (5) 10% (5)a 6% (3)
 Higher education completed 0% (0) 2% (1) 2% (1)a 0% (0)
Household Income per week (ETB), mean (SD) 189.29 (212.85) 219.79 (223.98)a 269.36 (272.53)a 222.06 (286.11)
Animal ownership (owning at least one domestic animal such as cow, camel, donkey, goat, sheep or chicken), % (n) 54% (27) 92% (46) 98% (50) 98% (51)
Religion, % (n)
 Muslim 100% (50) 100% (50) 61% (31) 46% (24)
 Wakefata (local religion) 0% (0) 0% (0) 33% (17) 38% (20)
 Protestant 0% (0) 0% (0) 4% (2) 15% (8)
 No religion 0% (0) 0% (0) 2% (1) 0% (0)
Reason for displacement, % (n)
 Conflict 100% (50) 98% (49) 74% (37)a 56% (28)
 Drought 0% (0) 0% (0) 8% (4)a 30% (15)
 Otherb 0% (0) 2% (1) 18% (9)a 14% (7)
Water collection duration (round trip) in minutes, mean (SD) 103 (77.15) 74 (60.19) 56 (65.54) 102 (71.29)
Water available per person in the household in litres, mean (SD) 14 (5.8) 13 (6.04) 12 (5.09) 14 (5.01)
  1. aPercentages estimated from smaller denominators than those shown at the top of the table due to unanswered questions/missing values
  2. bOther reasons for displacement included moving for job opportunities or family reasons