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Table 2 Quantitative sample (n = 319) characteristics at time 1

From: Intimate partner violence against women on the Colombia Ecuador border: a mixed-methods analysis of the liminal migrant experience

  n %
Emotional IPV in the last six months (time 2) 85 26.65
Physical and/or sexual IPV in the last six months (time 2) 46 14.42
 Age (Mean years)   32.96
Highest Education Level
 Primary or less 246 77.10
 Secondary or higher 73 22.90
 Female headed households 9 2.82
 Carchi 124 38.90
 Sucumbíos 195 61.10
Previous Trauma
 Forced Migration 129 40.4
Migration-related adversity (Experienced by anyone in household)
 Verbally threatened 74 23.2
 Verbally insulted but not threatened 80 25.1
 Threatened with a knife, gun or other type of weapon 37 11.6
 Attacked with a knife, gun or other type of weapon 23 7.2
 Wounded or physically attached in some other way 23 7.2
 Kidnapped 10 3.13
 Forced to perform manual or some other kind of labour 19 5.96
 Extorted for money or other goods 14 4.4
 Stolen or damaged property 49 15.4
 Forced to join a military group 21 6.58
 Sexual aggression (rape, verbal or physical assault) 16 5
Social Isolation
 Family in area when moved here 134 42
 Allowed to leave city without permission 32 10
 I can count on my neighbour to watch after my house 111 34.8
 I feel part of the community 40 12.5
 I feel alone 198 62.1
 Perceived discrimination because of race/ethnicity in last six months 19 5.96
 Perceived discrimination because of nationality in last six months 116 36.4
Economic Instability
 Rent 266 83.4
 Food Consumption Score (1)   56
 Household wealth (2)   −0.08
 Value of female assets (USD)   51.1
 Asset ratio between male and female partner (3)   33.7
 Female earns same or more as their partner 48 15.05
 Female lost employment (4) 45 14.11
 Female gained employment (4) 48 15.05
  1. 1. Calculated by summing the number of days eight different food groups were consumed by a household, multiplying these by weighted frequencies, and summing across food groups
  2. 2. Constructed as recommended by the Demographic Health Survey using principal component analysis of source of drinking water, type of toilet, sharing of toilet facilities, material of principal floor, walls, roof, cooking fuel, and household services and possessions, such as electricity, TV, radio, types of vehicles, agricultural land size owned, and type and number of animals owned
  3. 3. Assets include: land, large and small animals, agricultural tools, household appliances, computers, cell phones, bikes and vehicles
  4. 4. Participants were categorised as participating in the labour force if they responded yes to any of the following questions: In the last six months have you 1) farmed your own land; 2) worked in an agricultural position for pay; 3) worked in a non-agricultural position for pay; or 4) worked on non-agricultural activities, on their own, like a small business