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Table 6 Frequency distributions and Pearson’s chi-square values of social, behavioral and emotional (SBE) variables by gender

From: Mental health and psychosocial support in conflict: children’s protection concerns and intervention outcomes in Syria

SBE variables Total sample (N = 376) Gender
Male (N = 211) Female (N = 165) χ2 (df = 1) P value
f (%) f (%) f (%)
SBE concern (any) 244 (64.9%) 132 (62.6%) 112 (67.9%) 1.15 0.284
Low/abnormal socialisation 105 (27.9%) 49 (23.2%) 56(33.9%) ↑ 5.28* 0.022
Emotional issue 116 (30.9%) 61 (28.9%) 55 (33.3%) 0.85 0.357
Peer issue/being bullied 9 (2.4%) 5 (2.4%) 4 (2.4%) 0.00 1.000a
Peer issue/being aggressive 64 (17.0%) 45 (21.3%) ↑ 19 (11.5%) 6.31* 0.012
Educational decline 56 (14.9%) 30 (14.2%) 26 (15.8%) 0.17 0.677
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; ↑ Higher scores; aContinuity Correction applied