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Table 4 Frequency distributions and Pearson’s chi-square values of psychosocial deprivation (PSD) variables by age group

From: Mental health and psychosocial support in conflict: children’s protection concerns and intervention outcomes in Syria

PSD variables Total sample (N = 376) Gender
Male (N = 211) Female (N = 165) χ2 (df = 1) P value
f (%) f (%) f (%)
PSD concern (any) 280 (74.5%) 158 (74.9%) 122 (73.9%) 0.04 0.835
War injury 28 (7.4%) 19 (9.0%) 9 (5.5%) 1.69 0.193
Child labour 45 (12.0%) 40 (19.0%) ↑ 5 (3.0%) 22.29*** 0.000
Loss of caregiver 36 (9.6%) 14 (6.6%) 22 (13.3%) ↑ 4.80* 0.028
Neglect 51 (13.6%) 24 (11.4%) 27 (16.4%) 1.97 0.161
Domestic abuse 47 (12.5%) 26 (12.3%) 21 (12.7%) 0.01 0.906
Displacement 160 (42.6%) 81 (38.4%) 79 (47.9%) 3.41 0.065
Poverty 149 (39.6%) 88 (41.7%) 61 (37.0%) 0.87 0.351
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; ↑ Higher scores