Skip to main content

Table 2 Frequency distributions and Pearson’s chi-square values of potential mental health condition by gender

From: Mental health and psychosocial support in conflict: children’s protection concerns and intervention outcomes in Syria

Potential mental health condition Total sample (N = 376) Gender
Male (N = 211) Female (N = 165) χ2 (df = 1) P value
f (%) f (%) f (%)
Mental health condition (any) 277 (73.7%) 147 (69.7%) 130 (78.8%) ↑ 3.97* 0.046
Anxiety 115 (30.6%) 56 (26.5%) 59 (35.8%) 3.71 0.054
ADHD 11 (2.9%) 7 (3.3%) 4 (2.4%) 0.041 0.840a
Conduct Disorder 50 (13.3%) 31 (14.7%) 19 (11.5%) 0.81 0.368
Autism 11 (2.9%) 9 (4.3%) 2 (1.2%) 3.04 0.081a
Epilepsy 10 (2.7%) 8 (3.8%) 2 (1.2%) 1.49 0.223a
Motor Tics 9 (2.4%) 3 (1.4%) 6 (3.6%) 1.11 0.292a
Depression 136 (36.2%) 56 (26.5%) 80 (48.5%) ↑ 19.31*** 0.000
PTSD 100 (26.6%) 58 (27.5%) 42 (25.5%) 0.20 0.658
Social Phobia 26 (6.9%) 11 (5.2%) 15 (9.1%) 2.16 0.141
Learning Disability 4 (1.1%) 1 (0.5%) 3 (1.8%) 0.57 0.451a
Phobias 30 (8.0%) 16 (7.6%) 14 (8.5%) 0.10 0.749
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; ↑Higher scores; aContinuity Correction applied
  2. ADHD Attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder, PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder