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Table 1 Frequency distributions and Pearson’s chi-square values of potential mental health condition by age group

From: Mental health and psychosocial support in conflict: children’s protection concerns and intervention outcomes in Syria

Potential mental health condition Total sample (N = 376) Age group
4–9 Yrs. (N = 208) 10–14 Yrs. (N = 168) χ2(df = 1) P value
f (%) f (%) f (%)
Mental health condition (any) 277 (73.7%) 158 (76.0%) ↑ 119 (70.8%) 1.26* 0.046
Anxiety 115 (30.6%) 62 (29.8%) 53 (31.5%) 0.13 0.716
ADHD 11 (2.9%) 6 (2.9%) 5 (3.0%) 0.00 1.000a
Conduct Disorder 50 (13.3%) 27 (13.0%) 23 (13.7%) 0.04 0.840
Autism 11 (2.9%) 10 (4.8%)↑ 1 (0.6%) 4.42* 0.036a
Epilepsy 10 (2.7%) 7 (3.4%) 3 (1.8%) 0.39 0.533a
Motor Tics 9 (2.4%) 7 (3.4%) 2 (1.2%) 1.07 0.302a
Depression 136 (36.2%) 79 (38.0%) 57 (33.9%) 0.66 0.416
PTSD 100 (26.6%) 64 (30.8%)↑ 36 (21.4%) 4.15* 0.042
Social Phobia 26 (6.9%) 13 (6.3%) 13 (7.7%) 0.32 0.572
Learning Disability 4 (1.1%) 3 (1.4%) 1 (0.6%) 0.84 0.771a
Phobias 30 (8.0%) 15 (7.2%) 15 (8.9%) 0.37 0.541
  1. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; ↑ Higher scores; aContinuity Correction applied.
  2. ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder