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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and mean differences for pregnancy outcomes associated with HRV exposures by type: ever, ≤ 5 years (5y), and ≤ 1 year (1y) before the end of pregnancy. Confidence intervals (90%) in parentheses. Each model adjusts for maternal age, parity (first birth), education, and country of birth

From: Reproductive health at conflict borders: a cross-sectional survey of human rights violations and perinatal outcomes at the Thai-Myanmar border

  Inadequate ANC Visits (OR) Any pregnancy complications (OR) Preterm birth (OR) Birthweight (Difference in grams)
HRV Type Ever ≤ 5 years prior ≤ 1 year prior Ever ≤ 5 years prior ≤ 1 year prior Ever ≤ 5 years prior ≤ 1 year prior Ever ≤ 5 years prior ≤ 1 year prior
Resource deprivation 1.19 (0.80, 1.79) 2.40 (1.03, 5.58) 1.39 (0.34, 5.60) 1.10 (0.73, 1.64) 3.07 (1.34, 7.02) 5.17 (1.70, 15.75) 1.16 (0.69, 1.95) 3.18 (1.17, 8.63) 3.37 (0.82, 14.11) −20 (−95, 55) − 138 (−322, 47) − 127 (− 411, 158)
Labor exploitation 0.67 (0.38, 1.20) 1.59 (0.80, 3.19) 1.41 (0.58, 3.40) 1.61 (1.04, 2.50) 0.94 (0.45, 1.96) 0.75 (0.27, 2.08) 0.60 (0.36, 1.01) 0.67 (0.30, 1.50) 0.67 (0.11, 4.15) −21 (−98, 56) − 101 (−233, 31) −67 (− 234, 101)
Restricted mobility 2.14 (1.44, 3.17) 1.86 (1.02, 3.41) 2.81 (1.35, 5.85) 0.78 (0.49, 1.25) 0.60 (0.30, 1.19) 0.86 (0.32, 2.31) 1.06 (0.74, 1.51) 1.08 (0.59, 1.99) 2.53 (1.26, 5.07) −41 (− 110, 28) −97 (− 220, 27) − 179 (− 363, 6)
Violence/ conflict 1.29 (0.87, 1.92) 2.57 (1.38, 4.81) 1.74 (0.79, 3.83) 0.86 (0.58, 1.28) 1.36 (0.68, 2.72) 1.36 (0.59, 3.17) 0.92 (0.62, 1.36) 1.48 (0.73, 3.00) 3.55 (1.48, 8.55) −24 (−93, 44) − 166 (− 299, −32) − 168 (− 361, 24)