Skip to main content

Table 2 Subgroup comparisons of HRV prevalence relative to end of pregnancy: ever and within one (≤ 1y) and five years (≤ 5y). P-values from F tests accounting for clustered standard errors are italicized

From: Reproductive health at conflict borders: a cross-sectional survey of human rights violations and perinatal outcomes at the Thai-Myanmar border

  Any HRV Resource deprivation Labor exploitation Restricted mobility/ liberties Violence/ Conflict
  Ever ≤ 5y ≤ 1y Ever ≤ 5y ≤ 1y Ever ≤ 5y ≤ 1y Ever ≤ 5y ≤ 1y Ever ≤ 5y ≤ 1y
Ethnicity
 Thai 10% 4% 3% 5% 0% 0% 4% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 7% 2% 2%
 Shan 52% 21% 11% 24% 4% 1% 17% 8% 4% 30% 11% 6% 38% 8% 3%
 Other ethnic minority 32% 13% 8% 11% 5% 3% 14% 6% 3% 10% 8% 6% 15% 6% 2%
  < 0.001 0.001 0.019 0.002 0.006 0.005 0.002 0.004 0.002 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.018 < 0.001 0.180 0.486
Country of birth
 Thailand 19% 10% 4% 8% 2% 1% 8% 3% 1% 7% 4% 2% 8% 3% 1%
 Myanmar 55% 21% 12% 24% 5% 2% 18% 8% 4% 30% 12% 7% 40% 9% 4%
  < 0.001 0.005 0.004 < 0.001 0.012 0.131 < 0.001 0.046 0.061 < 0.001 0.012 0.009 < 0.001 0.005 0.016
Legal status
 Citizen 10% 7% 5% 4% 2% 2% 4% 1% 0% 5% 4% 2% 4% 3% 2%
 ‘Alien resident’ 51% 16% 8% 24% 2% 1% 17% 7% 4% 26% 8% 3% 31% 4% 1%
 Passport or migrant permit 55% 25% 11% 26% 6% 2% 21% 9% 5% 29% 14% 7% 42% 12% 3%
 10-year card 42% 9% 5% 13% 2% 0% 13% 6% 2% 20% 0% 1% 29% 2% 0%
 Without documentation 49% 33% 30% 15% 6% 3% 15% 12% 6% 29% 22% 19% 32% 15% 9%
  < 0.001 0.001 0.0463 < 0.001 0.675 0.805 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.002 < 0.001 0.052 0.148
Residential setting
 Town/ village 36% 12% 5% 16% 2% 1% 13% 4% 2% 18% 6% 1% 25% 5% 1%
 Worksite 54% 33% 22% 25% 8% 3% 20% 15% 9% 29% 19% 14% 36% 13% 5%
 Camp 83% 10% 5% 31% 5% 0% 22% 0% 0% 34% 3% 0% 78% 7% 5%
  < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.012 0.002 0.233 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 0.014 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.240 0.108