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Table 3 Descriptive Statistics (percent reporting having had the experience at least once)a

From: Assessing exposure to war-related traumatic events in older Vietnamese war survivors

  All Rs Civilians
(C)
Informal
Mil (I)
Formal Mil (F) Significant Differences between Groups
Family Death/Disability 51.4 51.1 56.6 45.9 I vs. F
Death of family member 32.5 33.7 34.8 26.1  
Disability of family member 27.6 22.1 33.6 27.4  
Witness Death/Severe Injury 48.5 35.6 52.4 80.8 C vs. F; I vs. F
Saw dead Vietnamese soldiers 35.2 19.2 40.0 75.6 C vs. I; C vs. F; I vs. F
Saw dead foreign soldiers 16.0 5.8 16.3 44.9 C vs. I; C vs. F; I vs. F
Saw dead civilians 40.7 31.6 47.2 58.8 C vs. F; I vs. F
Wounded in warzone 11.1 1.9 9.7 39.3 C vs. I; C vs. F; I vs. F
Know injured people 31.8 20.7 39.5 54.8 C vs. I; C vs. F; I vs. F
Inhospitable Conditions 59.7 51.6 66.0 75.7 C vs. I; C vs. F
Moved due to bombings 22.8 20.5 27.6 23.6  
Moved due to evacuation 21.3 20.1 22.8 23.1  
Shortage of clean water 11.5 7.5 12.3 22.3 C vs. F; I vs. F
Food shortage 20.4 17.6 22.0 26.7  
Inability to sleep 36.4 30.3 41.9 47.2 C vs. F
Fear being injured or killed 32.4 30.3 38.9 30.7  
Exposure to toxic chemicals 7.5 2.2 5.2 25.5 C vs. I; C vs. F; I vs. F
Combat Experiencesc 21.6 31.0 73.5 I vs. F
Went on military patrols 17.0 21.2 63.2 I vs. F
Was ambushed 11.1 8.6 47.7 I vs. F
Came under artillery fire 12.3 10.9 51.1 I vs. F
Shot at the enemy 10.5 4.9 49.2 I vs. F
Caused death of enemy 6.5 1.8 32.0 I vs. F
Was nearly shot 9.4 10.6 36.6 I vs. F
A friend was shot 11.0 8.8 46.9 I vs. F
  1. aWeighted percentages shown
  2. bSignificance tested via binary logistic regression (survey adjusted, with sampling weights) with marginal predictions and confidence intervals using a significance level of 0.05. Bold indicates that a group is significantly different from all other groups
  3. cThese questions were only asked of people who participated in military activities. Proportions for informal and formal military are based on veterans only
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