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Table 3 Relationship of ZLDSI and other measures of depression and suicidality (n = 120, unless otherwise indicated)

From: A validation study of the Zanmi Lasante Depression Symptom Inventory (ZLDSI) in a school-based study population of transitional age youth in Haiti

 ZLDSI < 12 (n = 82)ZLDSI ≥12 (n = 38)p
CES-Da, mean (SD), (n = 111)17.72 (10.21) (n = 73)32.41 (10.32) (n = 38)<.001
During the past 12 months, how often have you been so worried about something that you could not sleep at night? (GSHS)b, mean (SD)2.10 (.98)3.24 (.88)<.001
During the past 12 months, how often have you felt lonely? (GSHS) b, mean (SD)1.90 (.90)2.89 (1.03)<.001
During the past 12 months, how often have you had a hard time staying focused on your homework or other things you had to do? (GSHS) b, mean (SD), (n = 119)2.54 (1.11) (n = 81)3.24 (1.22).003
SRIB in GSHSc, % cases (n)0.0% (0)21.15% (8)<.001
SRIB in ZLDSI, % cases (n)2.44% (2)36.84% (14)<.001
  1. p-values correspond to independent sample t-tests for mean differences and Fisher’s exact tests for proportions
  2. a Scores from the CES-D are based on a 20-item self-report assessment, slightly modified for this study [18]. Responses are scored 0 to 3, and a total sum score ranges from 0 to 60
  3. b Response options were: Never = 1, Rarely = 2, Sometimes = 3, Most of the time = 4, and Always = 5
  4. c Suicide-related ideation or behavior (SRIB) identified on the GSHS was coded as present if there was an affirmative answer to one or more of the following questions as indicated by a “yes” response to the first two and any value > = 1 time in response to the third question:
  5. 1. During the past 12 months, did you ever seriously consider attempting suicide?
  6. 2. During the past 12 months, did you ever make a plan about how you would attempt suicide?
  7. 3. During the past 12 months, how many times did you actually attempt suicide?