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Table 2 Prevalence of smoking behaviors among adolescents 14–17 years old from Argentina and the oPt, by gender (N = 4524)

From: Country and gender differences in the association between violence and cigarette smoking among youth

  Girls (N = 2310) Boys (N = 2214)
  Argentina
N = 1575
N (%)a
oPt
N = 735
N (%)a
p-value Argentina
N = 1322
N (%)a
oPt
N = 892
N (%)a
p-value
Smoked cigarettes in past montha 498 (33.1) 52 (7.1) < 0.001 483 (36.5) 352 (39.6) 0.326
Number of days smoked in past monthb
 1–2 days 265 (51.7) 37 (71.1) 0.166 204 (39.4) 90 (25.4) < 0.001
 3–5 days 94 (19.5) 7 (13.2)   85 (18.4) 47 (13.5)  
 6–9 days 51 (11.2) 2 (3.9)   55 (11.3) 31 (8.8)  
 10–19 days 37 (7.2) 3 (6.1)   64 (14.6) 48 (13.6)  
 20–29 days 18 (3.7) 2 (3.9)   36 (7.8) 29 (8.3)  
 All 30 days 33 (6.9) 1 (1.8)   39 (8.6) 107 (30.4)  
Cigarettes smoked on days smokedb
  < 1 cig/day 306 (60.9) 47 (90.5) < 0.001 248 (48.0) 181 (51.3) 0.001
 1 cig/day 80 (17.3) 4 (7.5)   90 (20.5) 35 (10.1)  
 2–10 cig/day 101 (20.0) 1 (2.0)   121 (27.1) 116 (33.1)  
  > 10 cig/day 10 (1.9) 0   20 (4.4) 20 (5.6)  
Able to stop smoking if wanted tob 452 (92.3) 48 (92.3) 1.000 439 (92.1) 264 (74.9) < 0.001
Age of first cigarette b
  < 8 39 (8.3) 6 (11.6) 0.344 44 (8.1) 28 (8.0) < 0.001
 8–9 17 (2.8) 1 (1.9)   21 (4.7) 34 (9.6)  
 10–11 44 (7.9) 8 (16.1)   51 (10.0) 73 (20.6)  
 12–13 197 (41.6) 16 (32.1)   197 (41.8) 126 (36.0)  
 14–15 170 (33.3) 15 (30.2)   136 (29.6) 83 (23.5)  
 16+ 31 (6.0) 4 (8.0)   33 (5.9) 8 (2.3)  
  1. aWeighted percentages of total sample b Weighted percentages of smokers