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Table 1 Demographics of adolescents 14–17 years old by study site: Jujuy, Argentina in 2006 and the oPt in 2008 (total N = 4524)

From: Country and gender differences in the association between violence and cigarette smoking among youth

  Argentina
N = 2897
N (%)*
oPt
N = 1627
N (%)*
p-value
Gender    0.040
 Girls 1575 (54.9) 735 (45.0)  
 Boys 1322 (45.1) 892 (55.0)  
Age (mean ± SE) 15.4 ± 0.05 14.7 ± 0.05 < 0.001
Age    < 0.001
 14–15 years 1948 (68.8) 1360 (83.5)  
 16–17 years 949 (31.2) 267 (16.5)  
Highest Education of Father/Primary Provider    0.140
 Less than high school 1523 (55.4) 699 (47.6)  
 High school or more 1364 (44.6) 770 (52.4)  
Occupational Status of Father/Primary Provider    0.003
 Not working 343 (11.5) 240 (16.1)  
 Working Full or Part-time 2542 (88.5) 1260 (83.9)  
Father or Mother are smokers 1359 (47.8) 903 (56.8) < 0.001
Brothers or sisters are smokers 934 (33.2) 507 (32.3) 0.659
Teachers smoke at school 1846 (67.6) 953 (64.4) 0.519
If a friend offers a cigarette, would you smoke?    < 0.001
 Definitely no/Probably no 1809 (61.4) 1331 (81.8)  
 Definitely yes/Probably yes 1069 (38.6) 295 (18.2)  
Do you think that you will smoke a cigarette in the next year?    < 0.001
 Definitely no/Probably no 1621 (55.5) 1271 (78.2)  
 Definitely yes/Probably yes 1257 (44.5) 356 (21.9)  
How do you evaluate your health status?    < 0.001
 Less than very good/excellent 1764 (59.0) 277 (17.1)  
 Very good/excellent 1127 (41.0) 1350 (82.9)  
Felt tense, nervous or anxiousa 871 (30.4) 1157 (71.1) < 0.001
Felt down or sada 1081 (37.5) 987 (60.7) < 0.001
  1. *Weighted percentages based on non-missing values. aArgentina: In the past 12 months; Palestine: In past 2 weeks