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Table 6 The problem of sexual and gender-based violence/ihohoterwa rishingiye kugitsina (Rwanda)

From: Exploring the mental health and psychosocial problems of Congolese refugees living in refugee settings in Rwanda and Uganda: a rapid qualitative study

Description of the problem Number of respondents
Widows, single mothers not living with their husband/partners, we are raped 3
There are men who sexually exploit and abuse minor girls: there have been incidences of men who rape young girls (Hari nk’ abagabo bahohotera abana: kubafata ku ngufu) 2
In reality violence here is there. Personally, I faced violence with regard to resettlement, when my husband died, I married another and then he left me and went away. When time came for resettlement, UNHCR brought me back because I don’t have a husband, because I lacked (a man) to sign for me, I was to go in 2015 2
They give her sweets and then sleep with her yet she is 7 years old 1
Many young girls whose mothers are frequently drunk, they are many who have been violated when they have 4 years 1
There is time they find me in the house, I am with my children and they want to beat (kunkubita) me 1
You may go to the hospital seriously ill; they fail to immediately care for you (bakakurangarana), an you may even die there 1
Men want their separate M-Visa and it is not given to them 1
Violence is present here and includes not having a market in the camp 1
They do not give us enough inkwi (traditional firewood) 1
Perceived causes of the problem Number of respondents
Poverty 3
Lack of employment 2
Alcohol abuse (Ubusinzi) 2
It is because we are crammed in one place (Ni uko twirundiye hamwe) 1
Children are lured by fritters and sweets 1
Raising children when we are not capable 1
Hunger 1
Thirsty 1
Effects on those with the problem and those close to them Number of respondents
Adolescent girls give birth at a young age 3
It causes many illnesses when someone sexually assaults you and he is HIV positive, you may get infected (bigutera) with illness 2
We used to cook for our children but these [briquettes] have starved us 2
They wander around with kids 2
Raising children when we are not capable 1
To start a family when they are still young 1
Have a C-section when they are giving birth 1
Selling drugs 1
He/she does not have anywhere to go, runs away from parents because they [parents] are financially disadvantaged, he/she end up suffering and has nowhere to stay 1
What do people currently do to address the problem Number of respondents
They come and talk to us in quartiers, and when there are some sick [people] they comfort (bakabakomeza) them. 2
To report it to responsible institutions 1
Penalize (guhana) those who tried to cover it up 1
We talk to them and advise (tukabagira inama) them 1
We shun the behaviour through “Akagorobak’Ababyeyi”- ‘Parents’ evening’ [NGO program] 1
That child is hastily taken to hospital, they do test for her and follow her up 1
What should be done about the problem if resources were available Number of respondents
Even though it is not widely accepted, boys and girls would go to learn vocations like tailoring and hair dressing and cooking 2
If they could financially support us, we will all find what to do 1
Those in old age would be given jobs 1
To ban those illegal drinks the way they banned Kanyanga (local illegal liquor) 1
We think that they should find another refuge for us 1
They would install for us public lights on the streets and houses 1
When someone is sick and they realize they cannot treat him/her they would immediately refer him/her to main hospital 1
They can bring back firewood or give us gas 1