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Table 2 Admission diagnosis and therapies received by study newborns in NICU, Hajjah Yemen 2017–2018

From: Morbidities & outcomes of a neonatal intensive care unit in a complex humanitarian conflict setting, Hajjah Yemen: 2017-2018

Clinical Indications Total Admission (n = 976) Neonatal mortality (n = 213) Mortality OR (95% CI) P-value
Admission diagnosis **
− Prematurity 341 (34.9%) 157 (73.7%) 8.82 (6.23–12.49) <  0.001
− Perinatal asphyxia 336 (34.4%) 46 (21.6%) 0.45 (0.31–0.64) <  0.001
− Neonatal jaundice 183 (18.8%) 26 (12.2%) 0.54 (0.34–0.84) 0.007
− Neonatal sepsis 157 (16.1%) 11 (5.2%) 0.23 (0.12–0.43) <  0.001
− Congenital anomalies 34 (3.5%) 7 (3.2%) 0.93 (0.40–2.16) 1.000
− Others 32 (3.3%) 1 (0.5%) 0.11 (0.02–0.82) 0.015
Therapies received **
− Antibiotics 965 (98.9%) 212 (99.5%) 2.82 (0.36–22.12) 0.472
− Formal phototherapy 187 (19.2%) 36 (16.9%) 0.82 (0.55–1.23) 0.376
− Oxygen therapy 284 (29.1%) 53 (24.9%) 0.76 (0.54–1.08) 0.147
− Extra feeding support 408 (41.8%) 95 (44.6%) 1.16 (0.85–1.57) 0.388
− Stabilised and referred 47 (4.8%) N/A N/A N/A
Length of Stay (LoS) in NICU
− Median (IQR) in days 4.00 (7.00) 3.00 (6.00) 1.00 (1.00–2.00) # <  0.001 #
  1. Abbreviations:IQR Inter-quartile Range, N/A Not applicable
  2. ** More than one admission diagnosis/therapy could apply
  3. # Difference in median, Confidence interval and p-value for the difference in the median using Mann-Whitney U-test