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Table 1 Socio-demographic & clinical characteristics of study neonates in NICU, Hajjah Yemen 2017–2018

From: Morbidities & outcomes of a neonatal intensive care unit in a complex humanitarian conflict setting, Hajjah Yemen: 2017-2018

Demographic & clinical characteristics Total Admission (n = 976) Neonatal mortality (n = 213) Mortality OR (95% CI) P-value
Age of newborn
− ≤ 24 h 549 (56.3%) 146 (68.5%) 2.45 (1.42–4.22) <  0.001
− 2 to 7 days 295 (30.2%) 50 (23.5%) 1.38 (0.76–2.50) 0.316
− 8 to 28 days 132 (13.5%) 17 (8.0%) 1.00  
Sex of newborn
− Male 577 (59.1%) 127 (59.6%) 1.03 (0.75–1.40) 0.875
− Female 399 (40.9%) 86 (40.4%) 1.00  
Residence
− Rural 755 (77.4%) 186 (87.3%) 2.35 (1.52–3.63) <  0.001
− Urban 221 (22.6%) 27 (12.7%) 1.00  
Place of Delivery
− Home delivery 372 (38.1%) 74 (34.7%) 0.83 (0.61–1.14) 0.265
− Health facility 604 (61.9%) 139 (65.3%) 1.00  
Mode of Delivery
− Caesarean section 163 (16.7%) 21 (9.9%) 0.48 (0.29–0.78) 0.003
− Vaginal delivery 813 (83.3%) 192 (90.1%) 1.00  
Inborn vs Outborn
− Outborn 717 (73.5%) 174 (81.7%) 1.81 (1.24–2.65) 0.002
− Inborn 259 (26.5%) 39 (18.3%) 1.00  
Number of Gestation(s)     
− Twins & Triplets 83 (8.5%) 25 (11.7%) 1.62 (0.98–2.65) 0.070
− Singleton 893 (91.5%) 188 (88.3%) 1.00  
Estimated Gestational Age     
− < 28 weeks 68 (7.0%) 63 (29.6%) 269.40 (98.09–739.92) <  0.001
− 28 weeks to < 32 weeks 181 (18.5%) 82 (38.5%) 17.71 (10.46–29.98) <  0.001
− 32 weeks to < 37 weeks 257 (26.3%) 47 (22.1%) 4.79 (2.79–8.21) < 0.001
− ≥ 37 weeks 470 (48.2%) 21 (9.9%) 1.00  
Weight on Admission
− < 1000 g 55 (5.6%) 51 (24.0%) 243.52 (85.57–696.03) < 0.001
− 1000 to 1500 g 153 (15.7%) 81 (38.0%) 26.86 (14.85–48.57) < 0.001
− 1501 to 2499 g 370 (37.9%) 65 (30.5%) 5.09 (2.89–8.97) < 0.001
− ≥ 2500 g 398 (40.8%) 16 (7.5%) 1.00  
Travel Distance to the NICU
− > 40 Km 475 (48.7%) 141 (66.2%) 2.52 (1.83–3.47) < 0.001
− ≤ 40 Km 501 (51.3%) 72 (33.8%) 1.00  
Travel Time to the NICU
− > 60 min 681 (69.8%) 177 (83.1%) 2.53 (1.71–3.73) <  0.001
− ≤ 60 min 295 (30.2%) 36 (16.9%) 1.00  
  1. Abbreviations:OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval