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Table 3 Multivariate logistic regression model 1 (weighted): health and healthcare associated with political and economic status

From: Health and healthcare in North Korea: a retrospective study among defectors

Model 1: Multivariate logistic regressiona Household Health Healthcare access
Morbidity Mortalityb Healthcare Access Life-threatening illness without care Life-threatening exposure to cold
Political Status AOR [95%CI] AOR [95%CI] AOR [95%CI] AOR [95%CI] AOR [95%CI]
Workers’ Party of Korea member 0.91 [0.52,1.59] 0.71 [0.39,1.29] 2.34** [1.31,4.18] 0.81 [0.47,1.39] 1.10 [0.64,1.88]
Economic Status
 Household wealth (Top 40% vs bottom 20%) 1.18 [0.52,2.67] 3.41* [1.12,10.36] 0.36* [0.15,0.86] 2.44* [1.10,5.40] 2.15 [0.93,4.95]
 Household income (below $1/Day) 0.83 [0.43,1.62] 1.05 [0.49,2.24] 0.40** [0.21,0.78] 0.53 [0.28,1.00] 1.62 [0.83,3.15]
 Market business 2.50*** [1.45,4.31] 1.82 [0.95,3.53] 0.29*** [0.15,0.50] 1.29 [0.74,2.23] 1.90* [1.08,3.31]
  1. aMultivariate logistic regression model 1: Health outcomes (dependent variables) associated with a membership of Workers Party Korea; Household Wealth, Poverty; Informal Market Business, adjusted for demographic variables (Gender, Age, Edu, Region of Residence)
  2. bRespondent reporting death of family member due to life threatening illness without care
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001