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Table 5 Indicators by quintiles of violence with relative differences and confidence intervals according to time periods

From: Health in conflict and post-conflict settings: reproductive, maternal and child health in Colombia

Indicator 1998–2004 2005–2011 2012–2016
Indicator Q5 Indicator Q1 Relative differences 95%
CI LL
95%
CI UL
Indicator Q5 Indicator Q1 Relative differences 95%
CI LL
95%
CI UL
Indicator Q5 Indicator Q1 Relative differences 95%
CI LL
95%
CI UL
Maternal Mortality Ratio 65.0 185.8 2.86 2.47 3.30 53.1 124.1 2.34 1.96 2.79 40.4 111.8 2.77 2.30 3.33
Total Fertility Rate 63.8 62.6 0.98 0.77 1.26 54.9 62.4 1.14 0.89 1.46 50.0 56.8 1.14 0.88 1.47
Neonatal Mortality Rate 7.7 10.0 1.30 0.70 2.42 6.0 8.1 1.35 0.68 2.68 4.9 6.0 1.24 0.56 2.76
Early Neonatal Mortality Rate 11.0 13.3 1.21 0.70 2.06 8.3 10.5 1.27 0.69 2.32 6.9 8.3 1.21 0.61 2.38
Infant Mortality Rate (≤12 months) 17.3 25.0 1.44 0.97 2.13 13.1 18.6 1.42 0.90 2.24 10.5 14.7 1.40 0.84 2.33
% of Antenatal Care (≥4 visits) 66.5 43.0 0.65 0.48 0.87 86.5 72.4 0.84 0.67 1.05 89.5 77.9 0.87 0.70 1.09
% Deliveries with skilled birth attendant 98.5 85.2 0.87 0.70 1.07 99.4 94.2 0.95 0.77 1.16 99.7 95.7 0.96 0.79 1.17
% Institutional deliveries 98.2 83.1 0.85 0.68 1.05 99.4 94.3 0.95 0.78 1.16 99.7 95.6 0.96 0.78 1.17
% Cesarean Sections 32.9 15.7 0.48 0.29 0.78 40.3 29.2 0.72 0.50 1.04 47.3 39.3 0.83 0.61 1.14
Fertility Rate (10–19 years of age) 36.0 36.1 1.00 0.73 1.39 33.6 39.7 1.18 0.87 1.61 30.7 39.7 1.29 0.95 1.76
Fertility Rate (15–19 years of age) 70.0 75.3 1.08 0.86 1.35 65.3 79.2 1.21 0.97 1.51 58.4 76.5 1.31 1.05 1.64
% Measles immunization coverage 78.0 70.7 0.91 0.72 1.14 95.3 89.1 0.93 0.76 1.15 95.2 88.0 0.93 0.75 1.14
% Poliomyelitis immunization coverage 78.1 68.7 0.88 0.70 1.12 94.4 86.8 0.92 0.74 1.13 94.6 82.9 0.88 0.71 1.09
% DPT3 immunization coverage 75.7 73.2 0.97 0.77 1.22 94.4 87.0 0.92 0.75 1.14 94.8 83.1 0.88 0.71 1.09
% Haemophilus influenzae B coverage 59.7 50.4 0.84 0.64 1.11 95.0 86.0 0.91 0.73 1.12 94.7 83.0 0.88 0.71 1.09
% Women aged 15–49 with Body Mass Index < 18.5 kg/m2*       21.5 16.1 0.75 0.46 1.22 6.4 4.6 0.72 0.29 1.79
  1. Indicator Q5: Indicator value for municipalities in quintile 5 (lower conflict)
  2. Indicator Q1: Indicator value for municipalities in quintile 1 (higher conflict)
  3. Relative difference: between quintile 5 and quintile 1
  4. 95%CI LL: 95% Confidence interval Lower limit. 95%CI UL: 95% Confidence interval Upper limit
  5. Bold: Statistically significant differences
  6. *Data available for 2005 and 2010 only